# Model Gallery

The Model Gallery features COMSOL Multiphysics model files from a wide variety of application areas including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. You can download ready-to-use models and step-by-step instructions for building the model, and use these as a starting point for your own modeling work. Use the Quick Search to find models relevant to your area of expertise, and login or create a COMSOL Access account that is associated with a valid COMSOL license to download the model files.

### Cooling of an Injection Mold

This model shows how you can use the Non-Isothermal Pipe Flow interface together with the Heat Transfer in Solids interface to model the cooling of a injection molded polyurethane part for a car steering wheel. The equations describing the cooling channels are fully coupled to the heat transfer equations of the mold and the polyurethane part.

### Discharging Tank

This tutorial model illustrates how to calculate the pressure drop and initial flow rate in a pipe system connected to water tank. The Pipe Flow interface contains ready to use friction models accounting for the surface roughness of pipes as well as pressure losses in bends and valves.

### Insulation of a Pipeline Section

As oil flows through a pipeline section heat is released due to the work of internal friction forces in the fluid. With good insulation of the pipeline, this generated heat can be used to avoid preheating of the oil, despite the fact that it is to be transported in a cold environment over long distances. This model uses the Non-isothermal Pipe Flow interface to set up and solve the flow and ...

### Geothermal Heating from a Pond Loop

Ponds and lakes can serve as thermal reservoirs in geothermal heating applications. In this example, fluid circulates underwater through polyethylene piping in a closed system. The pipes are coiled in a slinky shape and grouped onto sleds. The Non-isothermal Pipe Flow interface sets up and solves the equations for the temperature and fluid flow in the pipe system, where the geometry is ...

### Probe Tube Microphone, Transient Model

It is often not possible to insert a normal microphone directly into the sound field being measured. The microphone may be too big to fit inside the measured system, such as for in-the-ear measurements for hearing aid fitting. The size of the microphone may also be too large compared to the wavelength, so that it disturbs the acoustic field. In these cases, a probe tube may be attached to the ...

### Water Hammer Verification Model

When a valve is closed rapidly in a pipe network it gives rise to a hydraulic transient known as a water hammer. The propagation of these hydraulic transients can in extreme cases cause failures of pipe systems caused by overpressures. This is a model of a simple verification pipe system consisting of a reservoir, a pipe, and a valve. The valve is in this model closed instantaneously.

### Convective Flow in a Heat Exchanger Plate - new

This example models flow in a microchannel heat exchanger by coupling a Laminar Flow interface in 3D to a Pipe Flow interface. By the use of the Pipe Flow interface to model the flow in the microchannels the problem size is significantly reduced. This model showcases the Pipe Connection feature that automatically connects a 3D and and Pipe Flow domain.

### Organ Pipe Design

This tutorial model uses the Pipe Acoustics, Frequency Domain user interface to model an organ pipe. The quarter wave resonance frequency is studied with respect to dependency on the pipe radius and the pipe wall thickness. The acoustic properties of the system can easily be studied with respect to other parameters like the pipe cross section shape, the pipe material, or even a steady flow of air ...

### Ground Heat Recovery for Radiant Floor Heating - new

Geothermal heating is an environmentally friendly and energy efficient method to supply newer and well insulated houses with heat. The investment costs are higher than for gas or oil heating, so there is a need to investigate the possibilities of arranging heat collectors in the subsurface efficiently. This model compares three different pipe arrangements, embedded in the subsurface of the top ...

### Gas Box Application - new

This application computes the back pressure in a network of pipes fed by a system of mass flow controllers (MFC). Each MFC supplies a given flow rate to one of the pipes, and can only function correctly if the back pressure remains below 760 Torr. The Pipe Flow Module is used to compute the pressure distribution inside the network of pipes and report whether a given design will meet the back ...