Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

2D Magneto-Thermal Modeling of Coated High-Temperature Superconductors

F. Roy1, B. Dutoit1, F. Sirois2, and F. Grilli3
1École polytechnique fédérale de Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland
2Éole polytechnique de Montréal, Montréal, Canada
3F. Grilli, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM, USA

Thin films are very promising for the design of novel and an efficient Fault Current Limiter (FCL) made of high-temperature superconductors (HTS). However, before considering the use of these in a power grid, their thermal and highly non-linear electromagnetic behavior in the presence of over-critical currents needs to be investigated in detail.In this paper, we propose a numerical approach to ...

On the Convergence Order of COMSOL Solutions

A. Bradji1, and E. Holzbecher2
1Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic
2Weierstrass Institute for Applied Analysis and Stochastics WIAS, Berlin, Germany

The convergence of numerical solutions is mainly determined by the convergence order, which quantifies the improvement of the solution when the mesh is refined. In this paper we examine various differential equations and the convergence behavior of their COMSOL Finite Element solutions. The numerically observed convergence rates are compared with theoretical results, as far as these are ...

Mass Transfer from a Single Spherical Bubble with the Presence of Chemical Reaction - the Effect of Interface Contamination at Low Reynolds Number

A. Dani, A. Cockx, and P. Guiraud
Ingénierie des Systèmes Biologiques et des Procédés, CNRS, INRA, INSA, Toulouse, France

The objective of this work is to compute the mass transfer with chemical reaction (first order reaction) from a single spherical bubble at a low Reynolds number by Direct Numerical Simulation. Firstly, the contamination of the bubble's surface by the surfactants is considered, since this can reduce the slip velocity at the interface. The stagnant cap model is used to represent these phenomena and ...

Modeling of Drops Spreading on Random Surfaces

J. Frassy1, C. Lecot2, M. Murariu3, C. Delattre1, and A. Soucemarianadin1
1Université Joseph Fourier, Grenoble, France
2Université de Savoie, Le Bourget-du-Lac, France
3LETI, CEA, Grenoble, France

We present simulations of drops spreading on random surfaces with either chemical or topographical heterogeneities. All the computations are made within the framework of the lubrication approximation. The droplet height is the solution of a time-dependent nonlinear fourth order partial differential equation, which is solved using COMSOL. Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) together with an appropriate ...

COMSOL 2D Simulation of Heavy Oil Recovery by Steam Assisted Gravity Drainage

I. I. Bogdanov, K. El Ganaoui, and A. M. Kamp
Centre Huile Lourde Ouvert et Expérimental (CHLOE), Pau, France

Multiphysics flexibility and computational performance of COMSOL gave us the idea to model SAGD (steam assisted gravity drainage), one of the popular thermal methods of oil recovery. The modeling is far from straightforward and requires solving a system of non-linear PDEs for thermal multiphase flow under conditions of thermodynamic (phase) equilibrium. This paper presents the main results of our ...

Flow Modeling in a Flat Membrane Module

B. Balannec1, J. M. Gozálvez-Zafrilla2, D. Delaunay1, and M. Rabiller-Baudry1
1UMR - "Sciences Chimiques de Rennes", Université de Rennes, Rennes, France
2Departamento de Ingeniería Química y Nuclear, Universidad Politécnica de Valencia, Valencia, Spain

A CFD calculation of the complex three dimensional flow in a flat membrane module (Rayflow X100, Orelis- Novasep) was made under the conditions of a typical fouling study in order to compare velocity distribution to fouling deposit (with charcoal). The flow was turbulent in the inlet/outlet pipes of the module and laminar in the channel containing the membrane. The local Reynolds number was ...

Using COMSOL Multiphysics for the Modelling of a Hybrid Linear Stepper Motor

R. Wislati, and H. Haase,
Leibniz University of Hanover, Germany

In this paper a 2-phase hybrid linear stepper motor (HLSM), also known as Sawyer linear motor, has been considered as a potential approach in Variable Valve Actuation (VVA) Systems for Internal Combustion Engines. Initially, the reluctance network approach (RNA) with lumped parameters has been used assuming an infinite permeability of the steel core. The results have then been compared with a ...

Numerical Analysis of Fluid Mixing in a T-Shaped Micro Mixer

M. S. Virk, A. E. Holdø, and S. Kaennakham
Energy & Environmental Technology Applied Research Group, Faculty of Engineering and Computing, Coventry University, Coventry, UK

Microfluidic systems hold promise for many novel applications where rapid mixing is important, and has lead to a number of new developments. Despite such major developments, no systematic study has been carried out to understand the effect of flow mechanisms and geometry on microfluidic mixing. This work focuses on a mixing analysis of low Reynolds number (< 25) microfluids in a T-shaped passive ...

An Optimized Convolutional-Perfectly Matched Layer (C-PML) Absorbing Boundary Condition for Second-order Elastic Wave Equations

O. Bou Matar1,2, E. Galopin1, Y. Li1,2, and O. Ducloux1,2
1Institut d'Electronique, de Micro-électroniqueet de Nanotechnologie, Villeneuve d'Acsq, France
2Laboratoire Européen Associé en MagnétoAcoustiqueNonlinéaire de la matière condensée (LEMAC), Ecole Centrale de Lille, Villeneuve d'Ascq, France

In this study, we extend the Convolution-Perfectly Matched Layer (C-PML) method we have developed for a first order system describing elastic waves in velocity and stress formulation to the same equation written as a second order system displacement.We illustrate the efficiency of this second order Perfectly Matched Layer upon 2D benchmarks with surface waves and Lamb Waves.

A Material Model for Simulating Volume Changes during Phase Transformations

M. Tehler, and S. Jonsson
Materials Science and Engineering, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden

The present work describes the first steps in creating a robust material model able to predict volume changes due to thermal expansion and phase transformations.A dilatometer test is simulated starting from room temperature, with an original microstructure constituting a mixture of ferrite and pearlite. During heating, the structure transforms to austenite, which upon quenching will transform ...

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