COMSOL Modeling of Groundwater Flow and Pollutant Transport in a Two-Dimensional Geometry with Heterogeneities
M. Gobbert, M. Whitmore, B. Peercy, M. Baker, and D. Trott
University of Maryland Baltimore County
The Delmarva Peninsula is located on the East Coast of the United States, between the Chesapeake Bay and Atlantic Ocean. Industrial farming in the Delmarva Peninsula leads to levels of nutrients nitrogen, which grossly exceed natural levels and greatly impair the health of the bay. The main source of water carrying excess nitrogen to streams is groundwater. We use the software package COMSOL ...
J. Strong, and C. Washburn
Sandia National Laboratories
The newly emerging field of carbon-based MEMS (C-MEMS) attempts to utilize the diverse properties of carbon to push the performance of MEMS devices beyond what is currently achievable. Our design employs a carbon-carbon composite using nano-materials to build a new class of MEMS accelerometer that is hyper-sensitive over a dynamic range from micro-G to hundreds of G’s – far surpassing the ...
A. Sarraf Shirazi, J. Mmbaga, and R. Gupta
University of Alberta
Underground coal gasification (UCG) has received renewed interest due to its potential for utilization of the vast amounts of coals available in deep underground seams and the current drive towards clean coal utilization. UCG process involves the reaction between air/steam and coal in deep underground seams to form a combustible gas which is brought to surface via a production well and used as a ...
Optimization of Design Parameters of a Novel MEMS Strain Sensor used for Structural Health Monitoring of Highway Bridges
H. Saboonchi, and D. Ozevin
Civil Engineering Department
University of Illinois at Chicago
The novel Micro Electro Mechanical System (MEMS) based Piezoresistive stain sensor is presented in this paper. The main goal of this sensor is to monitor the localized strain in the highway bridges especially near the crack tips. Monitoring the crack growth on the bridges can lead to early detection and prevention of bridge failures. The COMSOL Multiphysics software was used to optimize the ...
N. Elabbasi, J. Bergstrom, and S. Brown
Veryst Engineering, LLC.
Peristaltic pumping is an inherently nonlinear multiphysics problem where the deformation of the tube and the pumped fluid are strongly coupled. We used COMSOL Multiphysics to investigate the performance of a 180 degree rotary peristaltic pump with two metallic rollers, and an elastomeric tube pumping a viscous Newtonian fluid. The model captures the peristaltic flow, the flow fluctuations ...
T. Shazly, and J. Ferdous
Biomedical Eng., Mechanical Eng. Dept.
University of South Carolina
Erodible polymeric scaffolds can mitigate long-term risks associated with permanent implants currently used to treat ischemic artery disease. However, safe deployment of erodible scaffolds is predicated on understanding the interactions between evolved material by-products and local biological tissues. We developed an integrated computational model of polymeric scaffold degradation, by-product ...
T. Kaya, B. Shiari, K. Petsch, and D. Yates
Central Michigan University, School of Engineering and Technology, Mount Pleasant, MI
University of Michigan, Dept. of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Ann Arbor, MI
In this work, a MEMS low-g accelerometer with three sensitive directions is designed for health monitoring applications. The accelerometer may have different sensitivity in different axes. The proof-mass of the device is suspended by four serpentine springs, and the comb drive structure is used to form the differential capacitor to measure the displacement of the proof-mass. The structure has an ...
G. Selembo, P. Selembo, J. Stanton, and G. Paulsen
University of North Carolina
Surface aeration systems are used in the wastewater treatment industry for the transfer of oxygen in the activated sludge process. These systems are capital intensive and also require a significant amount of energy to operate. Scale-up and design of these systems is largely empirical, and due to the size of these systems, modifications for experimental testing can be economically prohibitive. ...
The Transient Modeling of Single-Bubble Nucleate Boiling in a Sub-Cooled Liquid Using an ALE Moving Mesh
C. J. Forster, and M. K. Smith
Georgia Institute of Technology
This paper investigates the evolution of a single bubble going through growth, pinch-off, and condensation while rising due to buoyancy forces in a sub-cooled liquid. Phase change is modeled on the evolving liquid-vapor interface by considering changes in enthalpy and heat fluxes at the interface. A comparison of the ALE model is made with the same single-bubble system computed with a level-set ...
ZINK, Imaging Inc.
In this work we have constructed a 2D COMSOL model for the drying of Latex. It is based on a prior 1D model of Kiil, but also includes the effects of a flowing air stream, which is necessary to remove the evaporated water vapor. The model illustrates several features of drying that are not accessible to the 1D model, in particular the a profile in the air/water interface that forms near the ...