I.Tomashchuk, P. Sallaman, and J.-M. Jouvard
Institut Carnot de Bourgogne, Université de Bourgogne, Le Creusot, France
In the case of electron beam welding of copper with stainless steel, two principal cases of welding pool morphology are possible: a droplet-like microstructure where the electron beam deviates to the copper side due to the thermoelectric effect, so the volume of molten copper is much bigger than steel, and an emulsion-like microstructure, volumes of melted materials are closely equal. Reproducing ...
M. Ek, and D. Sichen
Materials Science and Engineering, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden
In the steelmaking processes, the stirring of the metal bath by argon (or nitrogen) injection is a widely used method to achieve chemical or thermal homogeneity. Computational fluid dynamics can be used as a very powerful tool to gain an insight into the mass transfer and heat transfer in liquid steel. In this paper, the flow behaviors in two different steelmaking reactors were simulated using ...
A. Montisci and R. Pintus
Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, University of Cagliari, Cagliari, Italy
The aim of the proposed device is to overcome the typical drawbacks of MHD generators, such as the needed of a very high external magnetic field, the strong dependency of the efficiency by the temperature of the fluid, and the deterioration of the electrodes that are in contact with the high temperature plasma. In fact the proposed device does not need an external magnetic fluid to work, but it ...
G. Louarn, M. Collet, and S. Cuenot
Institut des Matériaux Jean Rouxel, Nantes
In this work, we present the modeling of V-shaped silicon micro-cantilevers. The sensitivity of different V-shaped silicon cantilevers is estimated, as a function of the geometrical dimensions of the cantilever.
M. Bachmann, V. Avilov, A. Gumenyuk, and M. Rethmeier
BAM Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing
The article deals with the magnetically-supported high-power full-penetration laser beam welding of aluminum. A stationary simulation was conducted accounting for the effects of natural convection, Marangoni convection and solid-liquid phase transition as well as an electromagnetic volume source term. An ac magnet below the weld specimen induces eddy currents. Consequently, Lorentz forces occur ...
D. Hu, F. Zhang, H. Zhou, and J. Shao
LML, UMR8107, CNRS, University of Lille I, Lille, France
School of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Hubei University of Technology, Wuhan, China
State Key Laboratory of Geomechanics and Geotechnical Engineering, Institute of Rock and Soil Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan, China
A lixiviation-mechanical coupled model is developed for fiber reinforced concrete within this framework; both the influence of chemical degradation on short and long term mechanical behavior and the influence of mechanical loading on the diffusion coefficient can be considered. The elastic mechanical properties are written as function of chemical damage. A Drucker–Prager typed criterion with ...
Applying Grain Continuum Models to Stress Induced Grain Evolution in Next Generation Integrated Circuit Interconnects
D.N. Bentz, M. Bloomfield, J-Q. Lu, R.J. Gutmann, and T.S. Cale
Focus Center—New York, Rensselaer: Interconnects for Hyperintegration
We discuss the use of 3D grain continuum modeling to study grain boundary migration driven by differences in strain energy density. COMSOL Multiphysics is used to compute stresses and strain energy densities in polycrystalline structures caused by temperature changes. The grain boundary speeds are computed using a simple model that relates them to grain boundary mobility and differences ...
Chinese Academy of Sciences, Institute of Electrical Engineering, Beijing, China
Magnetoacoustic tomography with magnetic induction (MAT-MI) is a recently introduced method for imaging electrical impedance properties, which integrates classic electrical impedance tomography and ultrasonic technique. It could provide an explicitly reconstructed electrical impedance distribution with high spatial resolution and contrast, eliminating the shielding effects of insulating tissues. ...
A. Jain, and A. Garg
BITS Pilani, Goa, India
Bhartiya Vidyapeeth College, New Delhi, India
In this paper we suggest a device which combines the operation of a neuron-MOS and an ISFET. An ISFET is an ion-sensitive field effect transistor used to measure ion concentrations in a solution; when the ion concentration changes, the current through the transistor changes accordingly. A voltage between substrate and the oxide surfaces arises due to an ions sheath. It contains a conventional ...
J. Plawsky, W. Gill, M. Riley, J. Borja, and B. Williams
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY, USA
Understanding and predicting the reliability of new generations of high and low-k dielectrics is increasingly important for gate oxides and interlayer dielectrics as both films have become thinner and scaling of device operating voltages has not kept pace with the decrease in the size of the dielectrics. We have developed a series of COMSOL-based mass transfer-based models that have proven to ...