Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Numerical Study of Microfluidic Fuel Cell Performance

A. E. Khabbazi[1], A.J. Richards[1], and M. Hoorfar[1]
[1]School of Engineering, UBC Okanagan, Kelowna, BC Canada, Canada

Using COMSOL Multiphysics 3.5, a numerical model has been developed to determine the effect of the channel geometry and electrode configuration on cell performance based on polarization curves. The Butler-Volmer equation was implemented to determine the reaction rates at the electrodes. The Conductive Media DC module is used to model the electric fields within the fuel cell.

Simulation of Evaporating Droplets on AFM-Cantilevers II: Confocal Microscopy and Transversal Bending

T. Haschke[1], E. Bonaccurso[2], H.J. Butt[2], F. Schönfeld[3], and W. Wiechert[1]
[1] Universität Siegen, Lehrstuhl für Simulationstechnik, Siegen
[2] Max-Planck-Institut für Polymerforschung, Mainz
[3] Institut für Mikrotechnik Mainz GmbH, Mainz

The evaporation process of microscopic drops was investigated by depositing them onto atomic force microscope (AFM) cantilevers and measuring the deflection of the cantilever in response to the presence of the drop. We could thus improve a previously presented FE simulation model by comparing the simulations of the cantilever’s transversal deflection to 3-D images of the cantilever’s ...

Linear Convection and Conduction in Cylinders of Water Exposed to Periodic Thermal Stimuli

R.E. Tosh[1], and H.H. Chen-Mayer[1]
[1]National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland, USA

Primary reference standards for determining absorbed dose to water in radiotherapy beams used at cancer clinics and hospitals ultimately must make reference to the temperature change in water produced by ionizing radiation. The most direct experimental technique for this purpose is water calorimetry. Since the dose distributions delivered by such beams are nonuniform, temperature signals ...

Modeling Two-Phase Electrophoresis

W. Clark[1], and M. Lindblad[1]
[1]Chemical Engineering Department, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, Massachusetts, USA

Two-phase electrophoresis is a separation method that combines aqueous two-phase partitioning with electrophoresis and has promise for large scale recovery of biological products. Aqueous two-phase systems formed by adding two polymers, like dextran and polyethylene glycol, to water provide some separation of dissolved species due to differences in solubility of solutes between the phases. COMSOL ...

Stability and Bifurcation of Cathode Arc Attachment in AC Operated High-Intensity Discharge Lamps

A. Lenef
Osram Sylvania

High-intensity discharge (HID) lamps are highly-efficient light sources with many applications. Depending on the dimensions of the electrode, lamp current, and waveforms, the plasma may attach to the cathode in a diffuse mode, that covers the electrode tip surface, or a localized mode where heating and current transfer occur in a local region of the electrode surface. The localized mode is ...

Simulation of Electromagnetic Stirrers and Brakes Applied in the Metallurgical Field

C. Mapelli
Politecnico di Milano

The control of the flux within continuous casting systems used in the metallurgical field can be obtained through the application of electromagnetic. The model here has been solved through a linear time-harmonic solver. The results of the electromagnetic model have then been applied to the fluid-mechanics model through volume Lorentz forces.

Modelling of Catalytic Radiant Heaters

J.P.Mmbaga, T.M. Mannan, N. Joederi, S.E. Wanke, and R.E. Hayes
University of Alberta

In this work we present the modelling of catalytic radiant heaters. The presentation outlines the mathematical model as well as a Laboratory setup of a catalytic radiant heater.

Thermo-fluid-dynamic evaluation of a microsystem to analyse radioactive solutions

G. Janssens-Maenhout
Joint Research Centre Ispra
Ispra, Italy

It has become common place to use micro-electromechanical systems (MEMS) to evaluate the chemical properties of solutions. However, such microchips have not yet been applied to the analysis of radioactive solutions, for the purpose of nuclear safeguards, in the nuclear reprocessing industry. Implementing MEMS in this area results in a reduced volume of the sample to be analysed. This has many ...

On the Simulation of the Metabolism in Mammalian Cells using Homogenization Methods

M. Hanke, and M. Cabauatan-Villanueva
School of Computer Science and Communication, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden

The simulation of the metabolism in mammalian cells becomes a severe problem if spatial distributions must be taken into account. Especially the cytoplasma has a very complex geometric structure which cannot be handled by standard discretization techniques. In the present paper we propose a homogenization technique for computing effective diffusion constants. This is accomplished by using a ...

A non-Conventional use of COMSOL to Solve a Complex 3D Geometrical Problem

J. P. Caire, and F. Jomard
LEPMI, ENSEEG, Saint Martin d'Hères, France

The purpose of this study was the optimization of an industrial furnace from a thermal point of view. Such a cylindrical furnace contains an Al-Mg molten alloy covered by a KCl-NaCl molten salt layer floating on it to prevent alloy evaporation. When tilting the cylindrical furnace, it was necessary to compute the relation between the salt and alloy volumes and the area of the liquid alloy/salt ...

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