R.E. Tosh, and H.H. Chen-Mayer
National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland, USA
Primary reference standards for determining absorbed dose to water in radiotherapy beams used at cancer clinics and hospitals ultimately must make reference to the temperature change in water produced by ionizing radiation. The most direct experimental technique for this purpose is water calorimetry. Since the dose distributions delivered by such beams are nonuniform, temperature signals ...
W. Clark, and M. Lindblad
Chemical Engineering Department, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, Massachusetts, USA
Two-phase electrophoresis is a separation method that combines aqueous two-phase partitioning with electrophoresis and has promise for large scale recovery of biological products. Aqueous two-phase systems formed by adding two polymers, like dextran and polyethylene glycol, to water provide some separation of dissolved species due to differences in solubility of solutes between the phases. COMSOL ...
T. Xu, C.K.A. Mewes, S. Gupta, and W.H. Butler
Department of Physics and Astronomy and Center for Materials for Information Technology, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, Alabama, USA
Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering and Center for Materials for Information Technology, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, Alabama, USA
The Giant Magneto Resistance (GMR) effect is a quantum mechanical effect which can be observed in systems consisting of thin alternating ferromagnetic and non-ferromagnetic layers. Simulation using COMSOL allows the evaluation of the magneto-resistance ratio and the electrical resistances of realistic CPP-GMR devices and opens the possibility to study new device materials and designs.
Humusoft was founded in 1990 and has been a representative for COMSOL since 1999, for several countries in Eastern Europe. In this presentation we begin with a short overview of the and historical milestones for Humusoft. The essence of this presentation concerns the wide ranging branches in which COMSOL Multiphysics is used from the Automotive industry to the Medical. From the corporate ...
Design of heat flux microsensor assisted by COMSOL for the study of energy transfer on Si and Cu thin samples
L. Bedra, N. Semmar, A.-L. Thomann, R. Dussart, J. Mathias, and Y. Tessier
GREMI, CNRS-Université d'Orléans, Orléans, France
A commercial heat probe is used for energy transfer measurements on copper and silicon substrates. To do so, the micro sensor has to be calibrated under high vacuum (~10-7 mbar), using a homemade black body as a heat source.Although the HFM is cooled at 5 oC, the solid surface temperature is unknown as the thermal contact resistance. Thus, COMSOL simulations are also used to obtain reliable ...
M. Wolf1, J. Kojouharova2, I. Kojouharov2, T. Engert2, J. Gerl2, J. Groß1, and H.-J. Wollersheim2
1Hochschule Darmstadt, University of Applied Sciences, Darmstadt, Germany
2Gesellschaft für Schwerionenforschung GmbH, Darmstadt, Germany
Temperature distributions of cooled Germanium (Ge) detectors are calculated by the COMSOL Multiphysics software in order to determine the necessary cooling power of an electromechanical cooling engine. For a single Ge-crystal, heat losses of 2.5 W are determined, which increase to 5.7 W for a composite detector with three Ge-crystals.The energy transfer may be reduced substantially by a heat ...
J. P. Caire, and F. Jomard
LEPMI, ENSEEG, Saint Martin d'Hères, France
The purpose of this study was the optimization of an industrial furnace from a thermal point of view. Such a cylindrical furnace contains an Al-Mg molten alloy covered by a KCl-NaCl molten salt layer floating on it to prevent alloy evaporation. When tilting the cylindrical furnace, it was necessary to compute the relation between the salt and alloy volumes and the area of the liquid alloy/salt ...
S. L. Butler
Department of Geological Sciences, University of Saskatchewan, SK, Canada
Partial melting occurs beneath mid-ocean ridges in Earth's mantle and the resulting liquid migrates to the surface to form a new oceanic crust. In this system, mass can be exchanged between the liquid and solid phases through melting and solidification and, at the high temperatures and pressures associated with the Earth's interior, the solid matrix deforms through the process of compaction, ...
S. Kiravittaya, P. Cendula, A. Rastelli, and O. Schmidt
Max-Planck-Institut für Festkörperforschung, Stuttgart, Germany
Institute for Integrative Nanosciences, Dresden, Germany
Strain induced by local deformation of a flexible micrometer-sized semiconductor tube is quantified by modeling a ball pressing on the tube wall. By changing the pressing condition, we are able to change the strain state of the tube wall incorporating self-assembled quantum dots (QDs) in the wall. The QD emission energy is calculated in COMSOL® by solving the Schrödinger wave equation ...
Stress State Determination in Nanoelectronic Silicon Devices Coupling COMSOL Multiphysics and a Recursive Dynamical CBED Pattern Simulation
A. Spessot[1,2], S. Frabboni, A. Armigliato, and R. Balboni
Numonyx Advanced R&D NVMTD-FTM, Agrate Brianza, Italy
National Research Center S3, CNR-INFM and Department of Physics, University of Modena e Reggio Emilia, Modena, Italy
CNR-IMM Section of Bologna, Italy
Strained technology is being promoted as the best way to extend the performance of semiconductor transistors. An inhomogeneous layer deposited on top of a silicon device can induce a strong modification in the real silicon strain state, and consequently in its electronic performance. Coupling the finite elements analysis done by COMSOL with a recursive CBED and LACBED dynamical simulation, we are ...