Numerical simulations of heat effects compared to measurements in III-V semiconductor saturable absorbers.
LePaul, S., Yang, N., Aniel, F.
Institut d’Electronique Fondamentale, Université Paris XI – CNRS UMR 8622, Orsay
The major purpose of this communication is to share our experiences on the numerical difficulties we ended up in simulating heating effects of saturable absorbers based on III-V semiconductors with the commercial finite element software FEMLAB 3.1. Saturable absorbers are devices devoted to full optical signal regeneration in optical telecom systems. The self heating effects in the structures ...
Jin, L.Z.1, Ssemakula, H.2, Sandström, R.1
1 Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden
2 Department of Production Engineering, Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden
Flow behaviour of phosphorus-deoxidised copper in plane-strain hot extrusion with an insertion in the die has been studied through a finite-element model consisting of fluid dynamics and heat transfer approaches. The billet material is considered as rigid-visco-plastic and rate-sensitive. A dynamic viscosity, which is strain-rate and temperature dependent, has been integrated into the model. ...
H.H. Chen-Mayer, and R. Tosh
Ionizing Radiation Division, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland, USA
Water calorimetry is employed to establish a primary reference standard for radiation dosimetry by measuring the temperature rises in a water phantom (a cube of about 30 cm x 30 cm x 30 cm) subjected to a beam of ionizing radiation. We use COMSOL Multiphysics to model the system using the Heat Transfer module and the Incompressible Navier-Stokes module with a geometry of 2D-axial ...
J. Lebowitz, and W.M. Clark
Worcester Polytechnic Institute
We are testing the hypothesis that the simulation of laboratory equipment will solidify the link between experiment and theory and provide improved learning for senior chemical engineering undergraduates. We developed a simulation of an industrially important gas permeation experiment in which air is separated into an oxygen-rich stream and an oxygen-depleted stream using a hollow fiber ...
Simulo Technologies, Lagos, Nigeria
A qualitative flow analysis by numerical simulation of a fermentation process in a sorghum factory is presented. The simulations were done with the Numerical modeling software, COMSOL Multiphysics. Several flow arrangements were considered in the study and as a result, optimized flow configurations were evolved.
J. Bouhattate, X. Feaugas, and S. Frappart
Laboratoire d’Etudes des Matériaux en Milieux Agressifs,
Université de La Rochelle, La Rochelle, France
V&M France, CEV, Aulnoye-Aymeries, France
Hydrogen Embrittlement (HE) is one of the mechanisms responsible for premature failure of structures. In the context of environmental sustainability, it is compelling to improve or conceive new processes and/or new materials capable of reducing fracture induced by HE. We analyzed the influence of the oxide layer on the permeability of hydrogen. This investigation was carried on as a correlative ...
W. Clark, and M. Lindblad
Chemical Engineering Department, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, Massachusetts, USA
Two-phase electrophoresis is a separation method that combines aqueous two-phase partitioning with electrophoresis and has promise for large scale recovery of biological products. Aqueous two-phase systems formed by adding two polymers, like dextran and polyethylene glycol, to water provide some separation of dissolved species due to differences in solubility of solutes between the phases. COMSOL ...
D. Song, R. Gupta, and Chhabra
West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia, USA
Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur, India
Heat transfer from a sphere having a uniform temperature and falling axially in a cylindrical tube filled with an incompressible power-law liquid is numerically investigated. The governing equations for simultaneous flow around a confined sphere and heat transfer to power-law fluids were solved numerically using COMSOL Multiphysics. It was found that the wall effects on the mean Nusselt number ...
T. Xu, C.K.A. Mewes, S. Gupta, and W.H. Butler
Department of Physics and Astronomy and Center for Materials for Information Technology, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, Alabama, USA
Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering and Center for Materials for Information Technology, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, Alabama, USA
The Giant Magneto Resistance (GMR) effect is a quantum mechanical effect which can be observed in systems consisting of thin alternating ferromagnetic and non-ferromagnetic layers. Simulation using COMSOL allows the evaluation of the magneto-resistance ratio and the electrical resistances of realistic CPP-GMR devices and opens the possibility to study new device materials and designs.
Politecnico di Milano
The control of the flux within continuous casting systems used in the metallurgical field can be obtained through the application of electromagnetic. The model here has been solved through a linear time-harmonic solver. The results of the electromagnetic model have then been applied to the fluid-mechanics model through volume Lorentz forces.