Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Simulation of the Degradation of Methyl Red by Gliding Arc Plasma

S. Cavadias [1], B. Trifi [2], S. Ognier[1], and N. Bellakhal[3]
[1]Laboratoire de Génie des Procédés Plasma et Traitement de Surface, Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Chimie de Paris, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris, France
[2]Laboratoire de Chimie Analytique et Electrochimie, Département de Chimie, Faculté des Sciences de Tunis, Université Tunis El Manar, Tunis, Tunisie
[3]Département de Chimie et de Biologie Appliquées, Institut National des Sciences Appliquées et de Technologie, B.P. N°676, 1080 Tunis Cedex, Tunis, Tunisie

The use of plasmas for the treatment industrial effluents provides a new alternative to the decontamination of wastewater. The strong oxidizing species (O,O3, OH) generated by the plasma, at room temperature, can oxidise organic pollutants present in the water. Our simulation deals with the degradation of methyl red by a Glidarc humid air plasma producing active species, mainly OH, that can ...

The Friction Coefficient of Fractal Aggregates in the Continuum and the Transition Regimes

A. Melas[1][3], A.G. Konstandopoulos[1], L. Isella[2], Y. Drossinos[1]
[1]Department of Chemical Engineering, Aristotle University, Thessaloniki, Greece
[2]European Commission, DG Energy, Luxemburg
[3]European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Ispra, Italy

Aerosol and colloid aggregates are complex fractal-like structures composed of primary spheres. The drag force exerted on a fractal-like object is usually determined by solving numerically the Stokes equation. In this study we calculate it by relating it to a molecule-aggregate collision rate. We create the fractal aggregates with a cluster-cluster aggregation algorithm using the software ...

3D Dynamic Simulation of a Metal Hydride-Based Hydrogen  Storage Tank

A. Freni, and F. Cipiti
CNR- Institute for Advanced Energy Technologies “Nicola Giordano”, Messina, Italy

In this paper, a 3D dynamic simulation for a portion of a metal hydride-based (LaNi5) hydrogen storage tank is presented. The model is based on heat and mass balances and considers coupled heat and mass transfer resistance through a non-uniform pressure and temperature sorbent bed. The governing equations were implemented and solved using the COMSOL Multiphysics software package. The simulation ...

Automotive Headlamp - Analytic Solution and Measurements of Condensation Inside a Headlamp

E. Preihs
General Motors Europe, Sweden

Dew points higher than the inner surface temperature of a headlight can become cosmetic problems. In this paper, a suggested analytical approach of dew point analysis in headligths is brought forward. The analytical solution is based on a temperature map consisting of heat transfer, natural convection and radiation. An empirical expression for relative humidity is then implemented based on the ...

Analysis of Superheater Tubes with Mutual Irradiation as Applied to a Solar Receiver Steam Generator

N. Lemcoff[1], S. Wyatt[2]
[1]Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Hartford, CT, USA
[2]Alstom Power, Windsor, CT, USA

The objective of this paper is to analyze the temperature variations within a superheater tube of a solar receiver steam generator. The tube is heated by concentrated, collimated solar irradiation with major cooling by an internal steam flow. The influence of heat loss by radiation, internal convection, and conduction are considered. Analytical models are obtained for an isolated tube, and the ...

Surface tension driven flow during oxygen top blowing of liquid copper

Marin, T.1, 2, Utigard, T.1
1 Univeristy of Toronto, Materials Science and Engineering
2 Universidad de Chile, Departamento de Ingenieria de Minas

The rate of liquid copper oxidation plays an important role in the separation of impurities from copper during fire refining. A finite elements numerical model using FEMLAB 3.1 for the oxidation of liquid copper during top blowing of oxygen/nitrogen mixtures is presented and compared to experimental results. In this model, surface tension driven flow arising from gradients of oxygen ...

Modelling massive forming processes with thermally coupled fluid dynamics

Schmitter, E.D.
University of Applied Sciences Osnabrueck

With massive forming processes like rolling, extrusion and friction stir welding metal alloys are deformed in a hot solid state. Material flow under ideally plastic conditions can be modelled with computational fluid dynamics (CFD). This approach has advantages especially in case of large deformations. Material properties enter via a viscosity function, that can be related to the flow stress ...

Simulation of Manufacturing Process of Ceramic Matrix Composites

S. Yushanov, J. Crompton, and K. Koppenhoefer
ACES of Columbus, LLC, Columbus, OH, USA

Improved performance of aeroengines requires the development of new manufacturing technologies for ceramic matrix composites (CMCs). This has been simulated using COMSOL Multiphysics. Specialized simulation technologies have been developed to describe the infiltration of molten material into a ceramic perform. The physical phenomena considered in the analysis includes: unsaturated flow, ...

Experimental and Numerical Study of Microbial Improved Oil Recovery in a Pore Scale Model by using COMSOL

M. Shabani Afrapoli, L. Shidong, S. Alipour , and O. Torsaeter
Department of Petroleum Engineering and Applied Geophysics
NTNU
Trondheim, Norway

A number of visualization experiments are carried out at the laboratory temperature with oil, brine and bacteria suspension for evaluating the performance of MIOR in a glass micromodel. The observations show the effects of bacteria on remaining oil saturation. The interfacial tension reduction, wettability alteration and flow pattern changes are recognized as active mechanisms. COMSOL ...

Impact Assessment of Hydrologic and Operational Factors on the Efficiency of Managed Aquifer Recharge Scheme

M.A. Rahman[1], P. Oberdorfer[1], Y. Jin[1], M. Pervin[1], E. Holzbecher[1]
[1]Department of Applied Geology, Geoscience Center, University of Göttingen, Göttingen, Lower Saxony, Germany

Due to increased demands on groundwater accompanied by increased drawdowns (ca. 2-3 meters/year), technologies that use alternative water resources have been suggested for Dhaka City, Bangladesh. Preliminary studies show that managed aquifer recharge (MAR) would help in optimal use of available water resources and to reduce adverse effects of pumping in the Dupitila aquifer of the city. In this ...

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