J. Bouhattate, E. Legrand, A. Oudriss, S. Frappart, J. Creus, and X. Feaugas
Laboratoire d’Etude des Matériaux en Milieu Agressif, LEMMA, Bat. Marie Curie, La Rochelle, France
To understand a metal susceptibility to Hydrogen Embrittlement (HE), it is important to quantify the diffusion of hydrogen through a metallic membrane. Electrochemical permeation tests are the most common methods for experimentally determining the diffusion coefficient of a metal. However the parameters directly accessible from experiments are the time required for a stream to be observed and the ...
S.F. Neves, J.J.B.L.M. Campos, T.S. Mayor
CEFT – Transport Phenomena Research Center, Chemical Engineering Department, Porto University, Porto, Portugal
CeNTI - Centre for Nanotechology and Smart Materials, Rua Fernando Mesquita, Vila Nova de Famalicão, Portugal
A clothing system should offer the user a period of relatively comfort. However, changes in the ambient conditions over day affect the heat and mass transport in the system, influencing the user comfort perception. In order to gather information to allow the optimization of clothing systems, it is essential to understand the heat and moisture transfer occurring across multi-layer textiles. For ...
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY, USA
Experimental data for oscillations occurring at the three phase contact line of an evaporating HFE 7000 meniscus on a silica substrate is presented. The frequency of the oscillations were found to depend on the local value of the evaporative heat ?ux. The thickness, slope, and curvature of the vapor-liquid interface were determined using an interferometry technique, which allowed us to calculate ...
G. Mongatti, A. Borelli
Marchesini Group, Pianoro, Italy
In this model a three-dimensional heat transfer analysis was performed by using COMSOL Multiphysics\' Heat Transfer Module. The model is about the heating of a set of vials (Figure 1) in a current of hot air in the laminar regime. We used time dependent studies to predict the thermal behavior of the glass and to estimate the temperatures in the various points of the bottles at various times. ...
Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
Realising the interlinkage of nature and engineering are of paramount essential while comprehending the basics of system’s performances. Application of biotechniques in air pollution control is one such emerging scientific area, where the understandings of these complex systems demand more utilisation of computing softwares. Recently, biofiltration is a versatile biological air pollution ...
An Analysis of Heat Conduction with Change of Phase with Application to the Solidification of Copper
J. Michalski, and E. Gutirrez-Miravete
Rensselaer at Hartford, Hartford, Connecticut, US
The goal of this study was to determine the possibility of using the finite element in COMSOL Multiphysics program to obtain a high accuracy solution to a moving boundary problem, specifically, the solidification of copper. A one-dimensional geometry in Cartesian coordinates was used to investigate the solidification of initially liquid copper from a chilled wall maintained at fixed temperature. ...
Modeling the Coupled Mass Transfer Phenomena During Osmotic Dehydration of Fresh and Frozen Mango Tissues
J. Floury, Q.T. Pham, and A. Le Bail
 UMR STLO–INRA–Agrocampus
 School of Chemical Engineering and Industrial Chemistry, UNSW
 UMR CNRS GEPEA–ENITIAA, Nantes
In this paper, we present a mathematical model for simulating the mass transfer, during the osmotic dehydration of mango cubes. The mass balance equation for the transport of each constituent is established separately for intracellular and extracellular volumes but accounts for the mass exchange across the cell membrane and the shrinkage of whole tissue.
Modeling of Transport Phenomena during Hydrogen Uptake in an Alanate Storage System Equipped With Metallic Honeycomb Heat Exchanger
M. Bhouri, J. Goyette, B.J. Hardy, and D.L. Anton
Hydrogen Research Institute, Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières, Trois-Rivières, QC, Canada
Savannah River National Laboratory, Aiken, SC, USA
In this paper, a metallic honeycomb structure is used as a heat exchanger in order to improve the hydrogen refuelling time for an alanate storage system. Using COMSOL software, the heat exchanger structure and the hydride bed are modeled as a two separate media and the governing equations describing the physics phenomena occurring during the loading process, are solved. The simulation results ...
D. Hu, F. Zhang, H. Zhou, and J. Shao
LML, UMR8107, CNRS, University of Lille I, Lille, France
School of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Hubei University of Technology, Wuhan, China
State Key Laboratory of Geomechanics and Geotechnical Engineering, Institute of Rock and Soil Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan, China
A lixiviation-mechanical coupled model is developed for fiber reinforced concrete within this framework; both the influence of chemical degradation on short and long term mechanical behavior and the influence of mechanical loading on the diffusion coefficient can be considered. The elastic mechanical properties are written as function of chemical damage. A Drucker–Prager typed criterion with ...
Numerical and Experimental Investigation of Natural Convection Flow of (Sub-) and (Super-) Critical CO2 in Aqueous Phase
R. Khosrokhavar, G. Elsinga, R. Farajzadeh, H. Bruining
Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherland
Shell International Global Solutions, Amsterdam, The Netherland
Optimal storage of carbon dioxide (CO2) in aquifers requires dissolution in the aqueous phase. Transfer of CO2 from the gas phase to the aqueous phase or oil phase would be slow if it were only driven by diffusion. Dissolution of CO2 in brine (oil) forms a mixture that is denser than the original brine. This causes a local density increase, which induces natural convection currents accelerating ...