Finding an Accurate Model to Study Blood Flow Around a Stent

Caty Fairclough April 18, 2017

To treat cerebral aneurysms, doctors can use endovascular methods, like flow-diverting stents, that alter blood flow and reduce the risk of rupture. When studying these methods, researchers normally assume that the blood flowing around the stent is a Newtonian fluid. This might be inaccurate, since blood flow around stents is slower than normal. Using the COMSOL Multiphysics® software, researchers tested the accuracy of modeling blood flow as a Newtonian fluid by comparing it to a more realistic non-Newtonian model.

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Caty Fairclough April 5, 2017

When looking to mitigate air pollution, a major health concern in many highly populated cities, one option is to use plants and greenery. Before this method can be used, it’s important to confirm that this technique is a functional strategy for improving air quality and determine the best way of implementing it. To accomplish this, researchers created a model in the COMSOL Multiphysics® software to see how different types of greenery affect pollution reduction in urban canyons.

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Caty Fairclough March 23, 2017

For those designing process equipment with conventional centrifugal pumps, rotating conical (or cone) micropumps may provide a simpler alternative. However, the performance of rotating cone micropumps needs further analysis, which can be difficult to achieve with only trial-and-error empirical studies. To solve this issue, researchers used the COMSOL Multiphysics® software to develop a realistic model for analyzing the fluid dynamics and performance of a rotating cone micropump. Here, we discuss their research and results.

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Caty Fairclough February 23, 2017

Maintaining cool temperatures in buildings is necessary to keep people comfortable, particularly for those living in hot climates. For houses that aren’t optimized for thermal performance, cooling requires large amounts of energy and money. To reduce these costs, researchers from the University of Ferrara, Italy looked to improve roofs as part of the Life HEROTILE project. To accomplish this, they modeled novel roof tiles that are designed to increase air permeability and lower cooling costs.

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Bridget Paulus February 6, 2017

If bubbles in a microfluidic device become stuck, it can cause the device to malfunction. Bubble entrapment depends on several factors, including the geometry and flow characteristics of the microchannel, as well as the surface properties of its walls. To study these aspects, Veryst Engineering modeled a bubble in a microchannel using the COMSOL Multiphysics® software. Today, we look at their results, which shed light on the device geometries and contact angles that lead to bubble entrapment.

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Ed Fontes February 2, 2017

Fat-washing cocktails has become popular in the last decade. This technique has made it possible for bartenders to create drinks such as the Benton’s Old-Fashioned, a bacon-infused bourbon cocktail, and a milder pecan-butter-infused bourbon. In this blog post, we discuss this innovative cocktail technique and how it can be transferred to an industrial scale. In fact, many chemical processes in a variety of industries already use similar methods.

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Caty Fairclough January 31, 2017

An expansion fan occurs when a supersonic flow turns around a convex corner. When analyzing this phenomenon, you need to make sure your simulation results are accurate and agree well with existing theory. Here, we will show you that this is possible with the COMSOL Multiphysics® software and CFD Module. We discuss a benchmark model of a supersonic expansion fan and compare it to the inviscid compressible flow theory. We’ll also share a couple of tricks for improving this model.

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Fanny Littmarck January 4, 2017

If an inkjet printhead nozzle is poorly designed, it will lead to a low-quality end product — whether it’s used in a 2D or 3D printer, the fabrication of an integrated circuit, or even DNA synthesis. With simulation, you can determine the ideal printhead nozzle dimensions to achieve precise material deposition. And with the COMSOL Multiphysics® simulation software, you can save time by turning your model into an app for use by other project stakeholders.

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Brianne Costa January 3, 2017

When designing needles for drug delivery, one major challenge is balancing the comfort of the patient with the effectiveness of the injection. By applying an approach that combines “first principles” thinking and modeling, Eli Lilly and Company optimized the design of a needle for an insulin injection pen, while keeping patient experience in mind. In a keynote talk from the COMSOL Conference 2016 Boston, Bernard McGarvey of Eli Lilly discusses this process.

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Angela Straccia December 30, 2016

There are many ways to experimentally measure pressure in a fluid. When setting up a CFD model, it is important to use the correct definition of pressure for assigning boundary conditions and defining the material properties. Today, we’ll explain the difference between relative and absolute pressure, why the COMSOL Multiphysics® software solves CFD problems using relative pressure, and when to use each definition of pressure in your models.

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Ed Fontes December 23, 2016

Natural convection is a phenomenon found in many science and engineering applications, such as electronics cooling, indoor climate systems, and environmental transport problems. The CFD and Heat Transfer modules in version 5.2a of the COMSOL Multiphysics® software include functionality that makes it easier to set up and solve natural convection problems. In this blog post, we give an overview of natural convection, the new functionality, and some of the difficulties that we may stumble upon when modeling natural convection.

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