Using the Inflow Boundary Condition in Nonisothermal Flow Simulations

Nicolas Huc March 15, 2018

Nonisothermal flow combines CFD and heat transfer analysis. In cases where the temperature of the fluid at an inlet is a known quantity, a Temperature boundary condition can be used. However, there are some important situations where this is not the case, and an Inflow boundary condition can improve the model accuracy and reduce the computational cost of the simulation. Here, we review how this more sophisticated thermal boundary condition can be set at a flow inlet.

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Guest Mandar Gadgil March 12, 2018

Guest blogger Mandar Gadgil of Noumenon Multiphysics discusses modeling phase change in a thermosiphon. Thermosiphons have been used for keeping houses warm since the 1800s. These devices use central heaters and pipe networks that carry water and steam to different rooms. The cool part (figuratively) is that no pump is needed for fluid transport — convective currents induced by the heater located at the bottom of an installation are enough. Let’s discuss modeling thermosiphons using a “pseudofluid” with temperature-dependent properties.

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Caty Fairclough March 7, 2018

Additive manufacturing has a wide array of applications, such as creating custom medical devices, aerospace components, and artwork. With the list of potential uses continuing to grow, it’s important that this type of manufacturing can keep up with the demand. However, analyzing and optimizing this complex process can be difficult. What can engineers do to overcome this challenge?

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Thomas Forrister March 5, 2018

The foundation of a tunnel, dam, building, or other structure can be analyzed with a method called triaxial testing. Performing triaxial tests before, during, and after construction helps to ensure that structures are safe and reliable. To better understand the mechanics of soil and improve a structure’s stability, you can model the loading and unloading curves for a triaxial testing apparatus and test the soil’s model parameters in the COMSOL Multiphysics® software.

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Guest René Christensen February 28, 2018

Today, guest blogger René Christensen of GN ReSound discusses including thermoviscous losses in the topology optimization of microacoustic devices. Topology optimization helps engineers design applications in an optimized manner with respect to certain a priori objectives. Mainly used in structural mechanics, topology optimization is also used for thermal, electromagnetics, and acoustics applications. One physics that was missing from this list until last year is microacoustics. This blog post describes a new method for including thermoviscous losses for microacoustics topology optimization.

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Bridget Paulus February 27, 2018

Due to their small size and efficiency, compact heat exchangers are used in many application areas, including HVAC, nuclear power, and electronics. To help increase heat transfer rates and reduce pressure drops in these devices, a large number of studies have been performed, exploring concepts such as incorporating a deforming wall into the design. Using the COMSOL Multiphysics® software, you can evaluate a dynamic wall heat exchanger design.

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Thomas Forrister February 20, 2018

When a car hits a pothole, the suspension system can take on major damage in a matter of seconds. Suspension systems must be able to adapt to myriad road conditions while supporting the wheels, seats, and body of the car. To study the performance of a vehicle suspension system, you can use multibody analyses and a simplified lumped model of a mechanical system.

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Bridget Paulus February 15, 2018

The interference fit between two parts has to be just right. Think of it as the Goldilocks quandary of structural mechanics: if the fit is too loose, the parts won’t hold together; if it’s too tight, the parts can’t join. For optimal performance of a structure involving joined parts, the interference fit needs to be calculated. One method is to create a simulation app, which can efficiently compute the contact pressure and surface displacement of two joined parts.

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Prashant Srivastava February 14, 2018

Bearings, specifically rolling element bearings, are some of the most commonly used industrial components. These bearings are found in gearboxes, conveyors, motors, and rolling mills due to the low friction and low starting torque compared to hydrodynamic bearings. They can also handle changes in speed, temperature, and loads. In this blog post, we will look at different bearing types and demonstrate how to model a rotor system supported on roller bearings using the COMSOL Multiphysics® software.

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Caty Fairclough February 13, 2018

To treat atherosclerosis, a cardiovascular disease in which a buildup of plaque causes an artery to narrow, doctors can insert a tiny wire mesh tube called a stent into the obstructed artery. Expanding the stent opens up the artery and helps restore blood flow. To successfully perform this operation and minimize potential health hazards, stent designs must be thoroughly studied and optimized. To do so, we can perform a nonlinear structural mechanics analysis with the COMSOL Multiphysics® software.

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Bridget Paulus February 7, 2018

Natural convection is a type of heat transport found in engineering applications of all sizes. For instance, this phenomenon helps maintain a reasonable temperature in both small electronic devices and large buildings. No matter the application area, design engineers can use the COMSOL Multiphysics® software to model natural convection in air for both 2D and 3D geometries.

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