The Application Gallery features COMSOL Multiphysics® tutorial and demo app files pertinent to the electrical, structural, acoustics, fluid, heat, and chemical disciplines. You can use these examples as a starting point for your own simulation work by downloading the tutorial model or demo app file and its accompanying instructions.

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Chemical Vapor Deposition of GaAs

Chemical vapor deposition (CVD) allows a thin film to be grown on a substrate through molecules and molecular fragments adsorbing and reacting on a surface. This example illustrates the modeling of such a CVD reactor where triethyl-gallium first decomposes, and the reaction products along with arsine (AsH3) adsorb and react on a substrate to form GaAs layers. The CVD system is modeled using ...

Carbon Deposition in Heterogeneous Catalysis

Carbon deposition on the surface of solid catalysts is commonly observed in hydrocarbon processing. A known problem is that carbon deposits can impede the activity of catalysts as well as block the flow of gas through a catalyst bed. This example investigates the thermal decomposition of methane into hydrogen and solid carbon, over a catalyst. The influence on the catalyst activity is first ...

Multicomponent Tubular Reactor with Isothermal Cooling

This application uses the Chemical Reaction Engineering Module to study an elementary, exothermic, irreversible reaction in a tubular reactor (liquid phase, laminar flow regime). To keep its temperature down, the reactor uses a cooling jacket with a constant coolant temperature. The steady-state behavior of the reactor is investigated. The application visualizes how the Chemistry and Transport ...

Laminar Static Mixer

In static mixers, also called motionless or in-line mixers, a fluid is pumped through a pipe containing stationary blades. This mixing technique is particularly well suited for laminar flow mixing because it generates only small pressure losses in this flow regime. This example studies the flow in a twisted-blade static mixer. The mixing of one species dissolved in water at room temperature is ...

Transport in an Electrokinetic Valve

This application presents an example of pressure driven flow and electrophoresis in a 3D micro channel system. Researchers often use a device similar to the one in this model as an electrokinetic sample injector in biochips to obtain well-defined sample volumes of dissociated acids and salts and to transport these volumes. Focusing is obtained through pressure driven flow of the sample and ...

Nonisothermal Plug Flow Reactor

This example considers the thermal cracking of acetone, which is a key step in the production of acetic anhydride. The gas phase reaction takes place under nonisothermal conditions in a plug-flow reactor. As the cracking chemistry is endothermic, control over the temperature in the reactor is essential in order to achieve reasonable conversion. When the reactor is run under adiabatic conditions, ...

Fermentation in Beer Brewing

An important step in brewing beer is the fermentation process. Here, alcohol is formed together with various flavor substances from sugars in the presence of yeast. The initial sugar content, temperature, and yeast type dictates how the fermentation proceeds. This example models the fermentation process in a perfectly mixed tank with the Reaction Engineering interface. Additionally, it also ...

Dissociation in a Tubular Reactor

Tubular reactors are often used in continuous large-scale production, for example in the petroleum industry. One key design parameter is the conversion, or the amount of reactant that reacts to form the desired product. In order to achieve high conversion, process engineers optimize the reactor design: its length, width and heating system. An accurate reactor model is a very useful tool, both at ...

Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition of Methane

Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition (HCCI) engines are being considered as an alternative to traditional spark- and compression-ignition engines. As the name implies, a homogeneous fuel/oxidant mixture is auto-ignited by compression with simultaneous combustion occurring throughout the cylinder volume. Combustion temperatures under lean burn operation are relatively low, resulting in low ...

Ideal Stirred Tank Reactor System

In the chemical and biochemical industries, for instance in fermentation processes, reactors having well-mixed conditions and liquid level control are common. This example shows modeling of a 0D ideal system of tank reactors in series with controlled feed inlet and product outlet streams. The volume change in each reactor is monitored as well.