The Application Gallery features COMSOL Multiphysics® tutorial and demo app files pertinent to the electrical, structural, acoustics, fluid, heat, and chemical disciplines. You can use these examples as a starting point for your own simulation work by downloading the tutorial model or demo app file and its accompanying instructions.

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Localized Corrosion

Galvanic corrosion between two different phases (alpha and beta phases) in a metallic (magnesium) alloy is simulated for a representative cross-sectional microstructure configuration. A key feature in the model formulation is the implementation of both anodic and cathodic regions at the electrode surface using a single boundary represented in terms of the level set function.

Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy

Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) is a common technique in electroanalysis. It is used to study the harmonic response of an electrochemical system. A small, sinusoidal variation is applied to the potential at the working electrode, and the resulting current is analyzed in the frequency domain. The real and imaginary components of the impedance give information about the kinetic and ...

Cyclic Voltammetry

Cyclic voltammetry is a common analytical technique for investigating electrochemical systems. In this method, the potential difference between a working electrode and a reference electrode is swept linearly in time from a start potential to a vertex potential, and back again. The current-voltage waveform, called a voltammogram, provides information about the reactivity and mass transport ...

Diffuse Double Layer

At the electrode-electrolyte interface, there is a thin layer of space charge in a diffuse double layer. This may be of interest when modeling devices such as electrochemical capacitors and nanoelectrodes. This tutorial example shows how to couple the Nernst-Planck equations to the Poisson equation, in order to describe diffuse double layer according to a Gouy-Chapman-Stern model. The physics ...

Orange Battery

This tutorial example models the currents and the concentration of dissolved metal ions in a battery (corrosion cell) made from an orange and two metal nails. This type of battery is commonly used in chemistry lessons. Instead of an orange, lemons or potatoes can also be used.

Cathodic Protection of Steel in Reinforced Concrete

This example models cathodic protection of a steel reinforcing bar in concrete. Three different electrochemical reactions are considered on the steel surface. Charge and oxygen transport are modeled in the concrete domain, where the electrolyte conductivity and oxygen diffusivity depend on the moisture content. The impact of different moisture levels on the corrosion currents is investigated.

Voltammetry at a Microdisk Electrode

Voltammetry is modeled at a microelectrode of 10um radius. In this common analytical electrochemistry technique, the potential at a working electrode is swept up and down and the current is recorded. The current-voltage waveform ("voltammogram") gives information about the reactivity and mass transport properties of the analyte. Microelectrodes are popular in electroanalysis because they ...

Corrosion Protection of an Oil Platform Using Sacrificial Anodes

Steel structures immersed in seawater can be protected from corrosion through cathodic protection. This protection can be achieved by an impressed external current or by using sacrificial anodes. The use of sacrificial anodes is often preferred due to its simplicity. This example models the primary current distribution of a corrosion protection system of an oil platform using sacrificial ...

Galvanized Nail

This tutorial example serves as an introduction to the Corrosion Module and models the metal oxidation and oxygen reduction current densities on the surface of a galvanized nail, surrounded by a piece of wet wood, which acts as electrolyte. The protecting zinc layer on the nail is not fully covering, so that at the tip of the nail the underlaying iron surface is exposed. First the electrolyte ...

Galvanic Corrosion with Electrode Deformation

This 2D model demonstrates how to model a galvanic couple in which the corrosion of the anode causes a geometry deformation. The parameter data used is for an Magnesium Alloy (AE44) - mild steel couple in brine solution (salt water).

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