The Application Gallery features COMSOL Multiphysics® tutorial and demo app files pertinent to the electrical, structural, acoustics, fluid, heat, and chemical disciplines. You can use these examples as a starting point for your own simulation work by downloading the tutorial model or demo app file and its accompanying instructions.

Search for tutorials and apps relevant to your area of expertise via the Quick Search feature. To download the MPH-files, log in or create a COMSOL Access account that is associated with a valid COMSOL license. Note that many of the examples featured here can also be accessed via the Application Libraries that are built into the COMSOL Multiphysics® software and available from the File menu.

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Evaporation in Porous Media with Large Evaporation Rate

Evaporation in porous media is an important process in the food and paper industries, among others. Many physical effects must be considered: fluid flow, heat transfer, and transport of participating fluids and gases. All of these effects are strongly coupled and predefined interfaces can be used to model these effects with the Heat Transfer Module. This tutorial model describes an arbitrary ...

Free Convection in a Light Bulb

This model treats the free convection of argon gas within a light bulb. It shows the coupling of heat transport (conduction, radiation and convection) to momentum transport (non-isothermal flow) induced by density variations caused by temperature. COMSOL Multiphysics model makes it possible to determine the temperature distribution on the outer surface of the bulb, as well as the temperature ...

Phase Change

This example demonstrates how to model a phase change and predict its impact on a heat transfer analysis. When a material changes phase, for instance from solid to liquid, energy is added to the solid. Instead of creating a temperature rise, the energy alters the material’s molecular structure. Equations for the latent heat of phase changes appear in many texts but their implementation is ...

Heat Conduction with a Localized Heat Source on a Disk

This classical verification model solves the steady state temperature distribution in a plan disk heated by a localized heat source at its center. It shows and compare different ways to define a heat source localized on a small domain by representing it either as a geometrical point or a small disk. Both modelings have analytical solutions to which the obtained numerical results can be ...

The Magnus Effect

The Magnus effect explains the curl that soccer players can give the ball, resulting in the enjoyable goals that we can see in every FIFA World Cup™. This model looks at the Magnus effect in the laminar and turbulent flow regimes for transient and stationary flows. It also discusses the simulation results and relates them to experimental measurements on soccer balls found in the literature. ...

Fluid-Structure Interaction in Aluminum Extrusion

In massive forming processes like rolling or extrusion, metal alloys are deformed in a hot solid state with material flowing under ideally plastic conditions. Such processes can be simulated effectively using computational fluid dynamics, where the material is considered as a fluid with a very high viscosity that depends on velocity and temperature. Internal friction of the moving material acts ...

Tin Melting Front

This example demonstrates how to model phase transition by a moving boundary interface according to the Stefan problem. A square cavity containing both solid and liquid tin is submitted to a temperature difference between left and right boundaries. Fluid and solid parts are solved in separate domains sharing a moving melting front. The position of this boundary through time is calculated ...

Natural Convection Cooling of a Vacuum Flask

The following example solves a pure conduction and a free-convection problem in which a vacuum flask holding hot coffee dissipates thermal energy. The main interest is to calculate the flasks cooling power; that is, how much heat it loses per unit time. This example treats the natural convection cooling using two approaches: • Using heat transfer coefficients to describe the thermal ...

Steady-State 2D Axisymmetric Heat Transfer with Conduction

This model how to build and solve a conductive heat transfer problem using the Heat Transfer interface. The model, taken from a NAFEMS benchmark collection, shows an axisymmetric steady-state thermal analysis. As opposed to the NAFEMS benchmark model, we use the temperature unit kelvin instead of degrees Celsius for this model.

Forced Air Cooling with Heat Sink

Heat sinks are usually benchmarked with respect to their ability to dissipate heat for a given fan curve. One possible way to carry out this type of experiment is to place the heat sink in a rectangular channel with insulated walls. The temperature and pressure at the channel’s inlet and outlet, as well as the power required to keep the heat sink base at a given temperature, is then measured. ...