# Application Gallery

The Application Gallery features COMSOL Multiphysics® tutorial and demo app files pertinent to the electrical, structural, acoustics, fluid, heat, and chemical disciplines. You can use these examples as a starting point for your own simulation work by downloading the tutorial model or demo app file and its accompanying instructions.

Search for tutorials and apps relevant to your area of expertise via the Quick Search feature. To download the MPH-files, log in or create a COMSOL Access account that is associated with a valid COMSOL license. Note that many of the examples featured here can also be accessed via the Application Libraries that are built into the COMSOL Multiphysics® software and available from the File menu.

### Molecular Flow Through an S-Bend

This model computes the transmission probability through an s-bend geometry using both the angular coefficient method available in the Free Molecular Flow interface and a Monte Carlo method using the Mathematical Particle Tracing interface. The computed transmission probability by the two methods is in excellent agreement with less than a 1% difference. This model requires the Particle Tracing ...

### 1D Lithium-Ion Battery Drive-Cycle Monitoring

This application shows how a battery cell exposed to a hybrid electric vehicle drive cycle can be investigated with the Lithium-Ion Battery interface in COMSOL. This model predicts the battery behavior to make comparisons of the monitored properties. They can be used to understand the battery's behavior during the cycle better, since the model includes can calculate more than is measurable, for ...

### 1D Isothermal Lithium-Air Battery

Rechargeable lithium-air batteries have recently attracted great interest mainly due to their high energy density. The theoretical value is about 11400 Wh/kg which is around 10 times greater than the lithium-ion batteries. In this tutorial, discharge of a lithium-air battery is simulated using the *Lithium-ion Battery* interface. The transport of oxygen (from external air) in the porous carbon ...

### Using COMSOL Models Together with Curve Fitting

This example exemplifies how curve fitting can be performed in COMSOL Multiphysics®, and how this can be applied to your modeling. A more detailed description of the phenomenon and the modeling process can be seen in the blog post "[Curve Fitting of Experimental Data with COMSOL Multiphysics](https://www.comsol.com/blogs/curve-fitting-of-experimental-data-with-comsol-multiphysics/)".

### Turbomolecular Pump

The *Free Molecular Flow* interface, available in the Molecular Flow Module, is an efficient tool for modeling extremely rarefied gases when the gas molecules move much faster than any geometric entities in the domain. For turbomolecular pumps, in which the blades move at speeds comparable to the thermal speed of the gas molecules, a Monte Carlo approach is needed. In this example, the ...

### Modeling of Wires, Surfaces, and Solids with Boundary-Element-Based Electrostatics

These examples demonstrate using the *Electrostatics, Boundary Elements* interface, introduced in version 5.3 of the COMSOL Multiphysics® software. In the blog post associated with these files, "[How to Create Electrostatics Models with Wires, Surfaces, and Solids](/blogs/how-to-create-electrostatics-models-with-wires-surfaces-and-solids/)", we demonstrate the pros and cons of using the boundary ...

### Rotordynamic Analyses of a Crankshaft

See how to perform a vibration analysis of the crankshaft of a 3-cylinder reciprocating engine in this tutorial model. Due to the eccentricity of the crank-pin and balance masses on the crankshaft, it undergoes self-excited vibration under rotation. The crankshaft is modeled using solid elements to accurately capture the effects of the eccentricity of the crank-pin and balance masses. The ...

### Bessel Panel

The Bessel panel is a way to arrange a number of loudspeakers so that the angular sound distribution resembles that of a single speaker. This model combines five Bessel panels in the same pattern to approximate a purely radial sound field. The speakers are driven with different signals, some of them in counter-phase. This results in an approximately homogeneous polar far-field distribution. ...

### Galvanic Corrosion of a Magnesium Alloy in Contact with Steel

Magnesium alloys are attractive alternatives as lightweight materials in various fields of engineering. Magnesium is however relatively non-noble and may suffer considerable galvanic corrosion when being used in conjunction with other metals, for instance when mounting an Mg alloy component using steel fasteners. This model example simulates a galvanic corrosion couple consisting of a magnesium ...

### Radome with Double-layered Dielectric Lens

A radome minimizes losses and improves radiation characteristics of an antenna through its design. The structure can be optimized to minimize the transmission loss and also designed to improve radiation characteristics including antenna directivity and side lobes. Shown in the model is the surface current density on the patch antenna, the magnitude of the electric potential on the antenna's ...

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