# Application Gallery

The Application Gallery features COMSOL Multiphysics® tutorial and demo app files pertinent to the electrical, structural, acoustics, fluid, heat, and chemical disciplines. You can use these examples as a starting point for your own simulation work by downloading the tutorial model or demo app file and its accompanying instructions.

Search for tutorials and apps relevant to your area of expertise via the Quick Search feature. To download the MPH-files, log in or create a COMSOL Access account that is associated with a valid COMSOL license. Note that many of the examples featured here can also be accessed via the Application Libraries that are built into the COMSOL Multiphysics® software and available from the File menu.

### Monopile with Dissolving Sacrificial Anodes

A monopile foundation is a large-diameter structural element that can be used to support structures like offshore wind turbines. This application exemplifies how the cathodic protection of a monopile decreases over time as the sacrificial anodes dissolve. The model can be used to evaluate secondary current distribution electrode kinetics on the protected steel structure by taking into account ...

### Characteristic Parameters of a Coaxial Cable

Electrical cables, also called transmission lines, are used everywhere in the modern world to transmit both power and data. These cables carry electromagnetic energy, but instead of dealing with the full complexity of the electromagnetic fields, they are more commonly classified according to parameters such as capacitance, inductance, and impedance. In this model of a coaxial cable, we ...

### Bessel Panel

The Bessel panel is a way to arrange a number of loudspeakers so that the angular sound distribution resembles that of a single speaker. This model combines five Bessel panels in the same pattern to approximate a purely radial sound field. The speakers are driven with different signals, some of them in counter-phase. This results in an approximately homogeneous polar far-field distribution. ...

### Modeling of Centrifugal Governor

A centrifugal governor is used to control the speed of rotating machinery. One of the most common applications is in controlling the RPM of an engine by regulating the fuel supply. This model illustrates the functioning of a spring loaded centrifugal governor. The dynamics of the governor are analyzed under the influence of a centrifugal force, spring force, and damping force. The sleeve ...

### Fuel Cell Bipolar Plate

A fuel cell stack operates at temperatures just below 100 °C, which means that it has to be heated at start-up. The fuel cell stack consists of unit cell of anode, membrane, and cathode connected in series through bipolar plates. This study presents a model that couples the thermal and structural deformations in a fuel cell bipolar plate. The magnitude and position of the thermal stresses ...

### Ion Cyclotron Motion

This model computes the trajectory of an ion in a uniform magnetic field using the Newtonian, Lagrangian and Hamiltonian formulations available in the Mathematical Particle Tracing interface.

This model shows how to use the Mathematical Particle Tracing interface to simulate mixed diffuse-specular reflection between surfaces in an enclosure. This model is separated in two parts. The first part compares the heat fluxes computed by the Mathematical Particle Tracing interface with the exact solution for two identical infinitely long parallel grey plates under mixed diffuse-specular ...

### Design Sensitivities in a COMSOL Model

This example exemplifies how to compute the design sensitivities of your COMSOL Multiphysics® model. A more detailed description of the modeling process can be seen in the blog post "[Computing Design Sensitivities in COMSOL Multiphysics](https://www.comsol.com/blogs/computing-design-sensitivities-in-comsol-multiphysics/)".

### Parameterized Concrete Beam

Reinforced concrete beams are commonly used in modern construction due to their strength and durability. By simulating such beams, engineers can ensure that the resulting structures both perform well and are safe. With simulation apps, engineers of all levels of expertise can analyze and test different designs with ease. The Parameterized Concrete Beam demo app focuses on the structural ...

### Thermal Bridges in Building Construction - 2D Composite Structure

This example studies heat transfer in a composite two-dimensional structure. Four materials with distinct thermal conductivities k compose the structure. The top and bottom boundaries are facing environments respectively at 0°C and 20°C. The temperature distribution and the heat flux through the structure are compared with published data. This example corresponds to the case 2 described in ...

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