# Application Gallery

The Application Gallery features COMSOL Multiphysics® tutorial and demo app files pertinent to the electrical, structural, acoustics, fluid, heat, and chemical disciplines. You can use these examples as a starting point for your own simulation work by downloading the tutorial model or demo app file and its accompanying instructions.

Search for tutorials and apps relevant to your area of expertise via the Quick Search feature. To download the MPH-files, log in or create a COMSOL Access account that is associated with a valid COMSOL license. Note that many of the examples featured here can also be accessed via the Application Libraries that are built into the COMSOL Multiphysics® software and available from the File menu.

### Microwave Filter on PCB with Stress

Microstrip filters can be fabricated directly on a printed circuit board (PCB) with a microstrip line going from the input to the output. Along the microstrip line there are a number of stubs of certain lengths and widths. The design of the filter involves choosing the impedance of the microstrip line, the impedance of the stub microstrips, and the length of the stubs. This particular filter ...

### Electrical Heating in a Busbar

This tutorial model of the Joule heating effect in a busbar demonstrates how to synchronize an assembly between Inventor and COMSOL, how to modify the geometry from COMSOL, and how to run a geometric parametric sweep.

### Viscous Catenary

The catenary is the geometrical shape that corresponds to the curve followed by an idealized chain or cable supported at both ends and hanging under its own weight. The viscous catenary problem describes the motion of a cylinder of highly viscous fluid, supported at its ends as it flows under gravity. In the last decade this problem has generated significant theoretical and experimental interest ...

### Outgassing Pipes

This benchmark model computes the pressure in a system of outgassing pipes with a high aspect ratio. The results are compared with a 1D simulation and a Monte-Carlo simulation of the same system from the literature.

### Electrodeposition of a Microconnector Bump in 2D

This model demonstrates the impact of convection and diffusion on the transport-limited electrodeposition of a copper microconnector bump (metal post). Microconnector bumps are used in various types of electronic applications for interconnecting components, for instance liquid crystal displays (LCDs) and driver chips. The location of the bumps on the electrode surface is controlled by the use ...

### Sensitive High-Resolution Ion Microprobe

This tutorial utilizes the Particle Beam feature to examine the performance of a high-precision spectrometer. An ion beam is subjected to electric and magnetic forces, and only a fraction of the incoming beam is transmitted to the detector. The Particle Counter feature is used to compute the transmission probability, and to visualize the nominal trajectory of the transmitted beam.

### Filter Characterized by Imported S-parameters via a Touchstone File

A Touchstone file describes the frequency responses of an n-port network circuit in terms of S-parameters. This can be used to simplify arbitrarily complex circuits. The Touchstone file can be obtained from numerical simulations or network analyzer measurements. The obtained file for a two-port network can then be included in simulations without building the complicated shape of the circuit. In ...

### Thin Layer Chronoamperometry

The common electroanalytical method of exhaustive amperometric detection in a microscopic thin layer is modelled as a 1D-symmetric diffusion problem. The simulated result agrees with the analytical Cottrell equation at short times, and deviates as expected at long times when the diffusion layer spans the thin layer cell.

### Gravitational Lensing

This model demonstrates how the sun causes 1.75 arcseconds of deflection for rays grazing the sun's surface as observed from the earth. Einstein predicted this value after refining his theory of relativity during World War I.