N. Kleinknecht, and S. A. Halvorsen
In many metallurgical processes metals are (heated and) stirred by an oscillating external magnetic field. The magnetic field induces electric currents in the metal and the currents interact with the magnetic field to create a force, the Lorentz force. For high frequencies induction only takes place in an electromagnetic boundary layer due to the skin effect and the force is confined within this ...
Electrochemical etching of silicon (anodization) is a process that can be used for etching of forms of nearly arbitrary shapes. The difficulty of applying the process for mass production is in the many parameters influencing the process, such as electrolyte concentration and temperature, silicon substrate doping and type, and so on. COMSOL as an FEM simulation tool is very suitable for ...
M. Bianchi Janetti, and F. Ochs
University of Innsbruck
Unit Building Physics
The simulation of heat and moisture transfer represents an essential resource in designing energy efficient buildings. In this paper a time-dependent wall model, consisting of several homogeneous domains, with third-type boundary conditions imposed on the surfaces, is implemented in the COMSOL Multiphysics environment. Temperature and moisture content is calculated inside the construction for ...
T. Schlegl, and H. Zangl
Graz University of Technology
State of the art proximity sensors are most often based on optical or tactile methods. Although these sensor systems are widely used (e.g. clamping protection) the reveal several drawbacks. Most optical sensors need a line of side whereas tactile sensors cannot be used to determine a distance to an approaching object. Capacitive sensing technology has proven to be an interesting alternative to ...
S. F. Madsen, and C. Falkenstrøm Mieritz
The present paper presents numerical calculations of the magnetic fields and the current distribution within a wind turbine nacelle. The results are used by control system engineers designing panels and cables, who must ensure that the immunity of the equipment complies with the environment within the turbine. Since the release of the International standard concerning lightning protection of ...
P. Gateau, P. Namy, and N. Huc
SAS SYNGAS, rue du camp d’aviation, 44320, Saint Viaud, France, firstname.lastname@example.org
SIMTEC, 8 rue Duploye, 38100, Grenoble, email@example.com
COMSOL FRANCE, WTC, 38000, Grenoble, firstname.lastname@example.org
Metal honeycombs are used as catalyst supports. They can be considered as complex fins for heat exchange. A simple heat transfer model was compared with 2D simulations using COMSOL Multiphysics. There was a good correlation when the fluid temperature was the same in all cells. However, significant discrepancy apperared when compared with a 3D simulation with laminar flow. Honeycomb cells ...
M. Bachmann, V. Avilov, A. Gumenyuk, and M. Rethmeier
BAM Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing
The article deals with the magnetically-supported high-power full-penetration laser beam welding of aluminum. A stationary simulation was conducted accounting for the effects of natural convection, Marangoni convection and solid-liquid phase transition as well as an electromagnetic volume source term. An ac magnet below the weld specimen induces eddy currents. Consequently, Lorentz forces occur ...
M. Herlitschke, M. Blasl, and F. Costache
Fraunhofer Institute for Photonic Microsystems
3D FEM simulation of millimeter-scale, complex electro-optically induced waveguide based devices demands the use of grids with more than several million nodes. Hence the simulation could take substantial time and require large amounts of available memory. This paper presents a computation algorithm based on the conversion of an initial 3D waveguide structure into an analogous 2D structure, ...
M. Herein, and A. Galsa
Department of Geophysics
For the numerical solving of the equations, Comsol has been applied. Simulations have been modeled in 2D Cartesian, in cylindrical coordinate system and in a “mantle-like” cylindrical-shell. Mantle dynamics is controlled by the Rayleigh number (Ra), which is the ratio of the buoyancy and viscous force. The effect of Ra has been studied in the range of 1e4 to 1e7. The significance of the ...
H. Ye, E. M. Boudoudou, E. Scholz, and M. Clemens
Chair of Electromagnetic Theory
Bergische Universität Wuppertal
For PE insulated cables both the temperature difference ?T and the electric field coefficient ? have a significant influence on the electric field distribution because PE has a nonlinear electric conductivity which is approximately a function of the temperature and the electric field strength. The coupled electric-thermal simulations are carried out for PE insulated HVDC-cables. The influence ...