Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Modeling a Combined Photovoltaic-Thermal Panel

E. Gutierrez-Miravete[1], B. Fontenault[2]
[1]Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Hartford, CT, USA
[2]General Dynamics-Electric Boat, Groton, CT, USA

A novel combined photovoltaic-thermal panel can simultaneously increase the conversion efficiency of the PV cell and utilize some of the excess thermal energy created by the conversion process (see Figure 1). The Conjugate Heat Transfer physics in COMSOL was used to create a two-dimensional, steady state model of such a combined photovoltaic cell-thermal panel. Figure 2 shows a magnified view of ...

Surface Plasmon Resonance

J. Crompton[1], S. Yushanov[1], L.T. Gritter[1], K.C. Koppenhoefer[1]
[1]AltaSim Technologies, Columbus, OH, USA

The resonance conditions for surface plasmons are influenced by the type and amount of material on a surface. Full insight into surface plasmon resonance requires quantum mechanics considerations. However, it can be also described in terms of classical electromagnetic theory by considering electromagnetic wave reflection, transmission, and absorption for the multi-layer medium. The two commonly ...

Numerical Simulation of Phonon Dispersion Relations for Phononic Crystals

G. Zhu[1], E.M. Dede[1]
[1]Toyota Research Institute of North America, Ann Arbor, MI, USA

In previous work, a two-dimensional (2D) model was carried out to simulate the phononic band structure of a phononic crystal with square lattice structure, but this model did not account for the out-of-plane phonon dispersions [1]. In fact, for 2D films used for coating materials, it is more interesting to understand their cross-plane properties. In this work, the phonon dispersion relation of 2D ...

Simulation of Acoustic Energy Harvesting Using Piezoelectric Plates in a Quarter-Wavelength Straight-Tube Resonator

B. Li[1], J.H. You[1]
[1]Southern Methodist University, Dallas, TX, USA

An acoustic energy harvesting mechanism at low frequency (~200 Hz) using lead zirconate titanate (PZT) piezoelectric cantilever plates placed inside a quarter-wavelength straight-tube resonator has been studied using COMSOL Multiphysics 4.3 and compared with experimental data. When the tube resonator is excited by an incident wave at its acoustic eigenfrequency, an amplified acoustic resonant ...

A COMSOL Model of Damage Evolution Due to High Energy Laser Irradiation of Partially Absorptive Materials

P. Joyce[1], J. Radice[1], A. Tresansky[1], J. Watkins[1]
[1]United States Naval Academy, Annapolis, MD, USA

In this paper we present a transient numerical model of the heat transfer and thermochemical damage evolution in an IR translucent material using COMSOL Multiphysics. The model is evaluated using literature supplied and experimentally determined material properties for carbon black laden PMMA (polymethyl-methacrylate). This variant of PMMA was chosen because it is homogeneous, isotropic, and the ...

Steps for the Optimization of Pipe and Tubing Extrusion Dies

J.R. Puentes[1], T.A. Osswald[1], S. Schick[2], J. Berg[2]
[1]Polymer Engineering Center, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI, USA
[2]TEEL Plastics, Baraboo, WI, USA

The extrusion of polyolefin pipes suffers degradation due to mechanical design problems of the extrusion die that is commonly used. This study uses numerical and computational approaches to detect problematic areas in the die geometry. Simulations show that in the conventional die there are areas of stagnation and recirculation of the melt flow, resulting in greater residence times, one of the ...

Using CFD to Predict the Performance of Innovative Wind Power Generators

D. Allaei[1]
[1]Sheer Wind Inc., Chaska, MN, USA

INVELOX is an innovative wind power generation system as shown in Figure 1. It is comprised of a wind capturing system that accelerates and delivers high kinetic energy wind to a power conversion system placed in the Venturi section of the INVELOX. The objective of this project is to build a full scale model to verify laboratory and field our test data and to utilize the validated model as an ...

Numerical Study of Droplet Formation inside a Microfluidic Flow-Focusing Device

Y. Li[1], M. Jain[1], K. Nandakumar[1]
[1]Cain Department of Chemical Engineering, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA, USA

The micro-nanometer sized droplets have tremendous applications in bio-diagnostics, polymerization processes etc. In this work, we numerically investigate the droplet formation process of silicone oil in aqueous solution in a MFF device. A conservative level-set method is adopted to numerically model the droplet formation process numerically. The mono-dispersed and poly-dispersed droplet breaking ...

Cryogenic Heat Sink for Helium Gas Cooled Superconducting Power Devices

L. Graber[1], N.G. Suttell[1], D. Shah[1], D.G. Crook[1], C.H. Kim[1], J. Ordonez[1], S. Pamidi[1]
[1]Center for Advanced Power Systems, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL, USA

Heat sinks for cryogenic applications using helium gas as the coolant are not readily available. They require to be designed specifically for the intended application. A finite element model was developed to study the feasibility and optimize the design. The FEM computing package COMSOL Multiphysics allowed to couple fluid flow and heat transfer as needed. An experiment was designed to validate ...

COMSOL Thermal Model for a Heated Neural Micro-Probe

M. Christian[1], S. Firebaugh[1], A. Smith[1]
[1]United States Naval Academy, Annapolis, MD, USA

This project utilizes the heat transfer module of the COMSOL Multiphysics environment to model the effects that an ohmic heating probe will have on neural tissue. The model quantifies the thermal impact of active components embedded on a neural micro probe by solving the Penne’s bioheat equation with an external MATLAB function to determine the heat generation along the length of the probe. ...

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