Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Modeling of Galvanic Interactions between AA5083 and Steel under Atmospheric Condition

D. Mizuno, Y. Shi, and R. Kelly
University of Virginia
Charlottesville, VA

Aluminum alloys 5000 series are widely used within the cabins of ships. These aluminum alloys are often joined via steel bolts. There is thus a concern that galvanic interactions will exacerbate corrosion of the aluminum alloys. In this study, a model of the galvanic corrosion between aluminum alloy AA5083 and steel under atmospheric conditions was built. The Nernst-Plank equation and the ...

Dependence of the Current Density Distribution with Flow Channel Geometry in a Half-Cell Model - new

O. Beruski[1], J. Perez[1]
[1]Institute of Chemistry of São Carlos, São Carlos, SP, Brazil

The present work demonstrates that a simple half-cell model is capable of reproducing qualitatively the main features of the measurements of the current density distribution in a high-temperature polymer electrolyte fuel cell, pointing that computational modeling and simulation are an important tool in the development of such devices. Our main interests with such a model is to optimize working ...

Zinc Corrosion in a Crevice

C. Taxén, and D. Persson
Swerea-Kimab, Stockholm, Sweden

Corrosion of metals in confined zones is a big industrial problem. The electrochemistry of such localized corrosion processes is complicated by the impact of the corrosion processes on the composition of the local solution. In the present problem, local interaction with the atmosphere causes uptake of O2 and CO2 and evaporation of water from the initially dilute NaCl-solution. This model ...

Three Dimensional Modeling of PEM Fuel Cells with Current Collection from the Gas Diffusion Layer

R. Pushpangadan[1], A. Soman[2], Arundas R.[2], N. G. Thoppan[2], S. P. Duttagupta[1]
[1]Department of Electrical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
[2]College of Engineering, Munnar, Kerala, India

PEM fuel cells are very promising for portable applications. A key component of fuel cell is the flow field plate through which hydrogen will reach the anode, oxygen will reach the cathode and electron collection. Flow field plate made of silicon is not a good electrical conductor , so electrical contacts has to be attached to the Gas Diffusion Layer (GDL) for taking the power to outside ...

Numerical Simulation of Electrolyte-Supported Planar Button Solid Oxide Fuel Cell

A. Aman[1], R. Gentile[1], Y. Chen[1], X. Huang[2], Y. Xu[1], N. Orlovskaya[1]
[1]Department of Mechanical, Materials and Aerospace Engineering, University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL, USA
[2]Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC, USA

Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) are electrochemical conversion devices that utilize ceramics as their electrolyte material for oxygen conduction. Compared to other types of fuel cells, they operate at relatively high temperatures, typically 400°C to 1000°C, and have an electrical efficiency over 50% and combined heat and power efficiency over 80%. One way to improve cell performance is to use ...

X80管线钢焊接接头局部腐蚀的数值模拟

朱国利 [1], 李亚东 [1], 李焰 [1],
[1] 中国石油大学(华东),青岛,中国

管道输送是油气能源长距离输送的重要途径。目前管道连接多采用焊接完成,焊接是一个复杂的非平衡物理化学过程,焊接接头各组成部分的成分、组织和性能都存在差异,同时还容易产生裂纹、气孔、夹杂和未熔合等焊接缺陷和较大的残余应力,使得焊接接头成为管道工程中的薄弱环节。在服役介质中,焊接接头存在宏观腐蚀电池与微观腐蚀电池耦合的多相电化学反应而引起局部腐蚀,可能导致整个构件失效,引发严重的安全事故,造成重大的经济损失甚至人身伤亡。利用 COMSOL Multiphysics® 多物理场仿真软件的腐蚀模块和二次电流分布接口对 X80 钢焊接接头在 CO2 饱和的 NACE 溶液中的电流密度及电位分布进行了仿真,并利用参数化扫描功能,模拟了焊缝与母材不同比例条件下的腐蚀行为。(图1)、(图2)、(图3)和(图4)分别为焊缝:母材=1:3和1:8条件下焊接接头在 NACE 溶液中的电流密度和电位分布 ...

Transient Modelling of a Fluorine Electrolysis Cell; Fully Coupled Electric Currents, Heat-Transfer, Diluted Species Transport and Laminar Bubbly Flow

R. Pretorius[1], P. L. Crouse[1], and C. J. Hattingh[2]
[1]University of Pretoria, Pretoria, Gauteng, South Africa
[2]Metallurgical Testing and Consultation (MTC) cc, Farrarmere, South Africa

A laboratory-scale fluorine reactor was simulated with COMSOL Multiphysics®. This model employs fundamental fully coupled electron-, heat-, mass- and momentum transfer (two-phase) equations to deliver a transient model of the above-mentioned reactor. Quasi-steady-state results were produced for the current density, electric field, temperature, reactive species concentration, gas- and liquid ...

Lithium-Ion Battery Simulation for Greener Ford Vehicles

D. Bernardi
Ford Motor Company

Dr. Bernardi is a Research Engineer with Ford Motor Company in Dearborn, MI. Her research focuses on the analysis and simulation of electrochemical energy-storage and conversion systems. In particular, Dr. Bernardi develops mathematical models that predict system behavior and identify governing physicochemical processes. Experimental investigations support model development, analysis, and ...

Fluid Flow and Current Density Distribution in Large-area HT PEMFCs

G. C. Bandlamudi[1,2], C. Siegel[2], C. Heßke[1], and A. Heinzel[1,2]
[1]ZBT Duisburg, Duisburg, Germany
[2]University of Duisburg-Essen, Duisburg, Germany

High temperature polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells (HT PEMFCs) are very promising technologies when used in combined cooling and heating power (CCHP) systems. They are operated at 160°C, offering the possibility of high tolerance to fuel impurities and a possibility to use the heat generated for cooling and heating purposes, leading to higher total system efficiency. Employing a 24 ...

Magneto-hydrodynamic Flow in Electrolyte Solutions

M. Qin[1], and H. Bau[1]
[1]Department of Mechanical Engineering and Applied Mechanics, University of Pennsylvania, Pennsylvania, USA

The paper presents and compares two models for simulating magneto-hydrodynamic flow of RedOx electrolyte in a conduit patterned with circular pillars. The first model solves the coupled Nernst-Planck and Navier-Stokes equations subjected to Butler-Volmer electrode kinetics and provides detailed information on ions’ concentrations. The second model treats the electrolyte as a conductor, and ...