M. Cugnet ,
 Université Grenoble Alpes INES, Le Bourget du Lac, France
 CEA, LITEN, Grenoble, France
Introduction: Lithium-ion batteries are widely used as power sources for portable electronic devices (laptop, phones, and players) and electric cars due to their high energy density. New applications, such as Formula E, require also a huge power capability that the iron-phosphate-based positive electrode is able to provide. Indeed, a recent publication  shows that, at the particle level (20 ...
Geraint Minton , Rajlakshmi Purkayastha , Laura O’Neill , Sylwia Walus , Mark Wild , Monica Marinescu , Teng Zhang , Gregory Offer ,
 Oxis Energy Ltd, Abingdon, Oxfordshire, UK
 Mechanical Engineering Department, Imperial College, London, UK
Lithium-sulphur (Li-S) batteries have the potential to surpass the energy storage capability of Li-ion batteries due to their high theoretical gravimetric energy density of 2700 Wh/kg. However, the processes which drive the system behaviour are much more complex than those in a Li-ion cell, meaning that controlling them to realise energy densities much above 350 Wh/kg is challenging. In a Li ...
E. Robalinho , E. F. Cunha , M. Linardi , E. I. Santiago ,
 Instituto de Pesquisas Energéticas e Nucleares - IPEN/CNEN, São Paulo, SP, Brazil; and Instituto Federal do Rio Grande do Sul - IFRS, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil
 Instituto de Pesquisas Energéticas e Nucleares - IPEN/CNEN, São Paulo, SP, Brazil
The idea of a friendly implementation of a mathematical formulation using specialist software was performed with the support of COMSOL Multiphysics® software with Chemical Reaction Engineering and Batteries & Fuel Cell Modules. The real problem of a Proton Exchange Membrane – PEM fuel cell modeling involves different scales, multiple variables and processes, coupling of solvers and experimental ...
A. L. R. Paulino , E. Robalinho , E. F. Cunha , M. Linardi , R. R. Passos , E. I. Santiago 
 Instituto de Pesquisas Energéticas e Nucleares – IPEN/CNEN, São Paulo, SP, Brazil
 Instituto de Pesquisas Energéticas e Nucleares – IPEN/CNEN, São Paulo, SP, Brazil; and Instituto Federal do Rio Grande do Sul – IFRS, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil
 Universidade Federal do Amazonas – UFAM, Manaus, AM, Brazil
The performance of a PEMFC depends on several factors, including the flow inside gas channels. Low gas velocity inside the channel can make water management more difficult, possibly causing water to accumulate and condense in certain regions of the cell. In the present work, COMSOL Multiphysics software was used to visualize and describe gas flow inside the channel of a PEMFC operating with ...