Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Modeling the Effect of Discrete Distributions of Platinum Particles in the PEM Fuel Cell Catalyst Layer

C.F. Cetinbas[1], A.K. Prasad[2], S.G. Advani[1]
[1]Center for Fuel Cell Research, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Delaware, Newark, DE, USA
[2]University of Delaware, Newark, DE, USA

In this study, the basic catalyst layer (CL) structure, consisting of carbon-supported Pt particles (C|Pt) and an ionomer binder, is investigated numerically by using COMSOL. The significance of modeling discrete Pt particles on the carbon support is highlighted by comparing the cell performance results to the case in which the Pt is assumed to be distributed uniformly over the carbon support as ...

Evaluation of Performance of Enzymatic Biofuel Cells with Microelectrode Arrays Inside a Blood Artery via Finite Element Approach

C. Wang[1], Y. Song[1]
[1]Florida International University, Miami, FL, USA

Enzymatic biofuel cells (EBFCs) are considered as a promising candidate for powering miniature implantable devices. In order to predict the performance in the human blood artery, we simulated a 3D EBFC chip with highly dense micro-electrode arrays. In this simulation using COMSOL Multiphysics®, we applied the 1) Michaelis Menten equation; 2) Nernst potential equation; 3) Navier Strokes velocity, ...

Thermal Integration of Coupled SOFC System with a High-Performing Metal Hydride Storage

A. Mossadegh Pour[1], A. Dhira [1], R. Steinberger-Wilckensa[1]
[1]Department of Chemistry, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, United Kingdom

Auxiliary Power Units can play an important role in reducing vehicle emissions, especially in diesel and kerosene driven vehicles. In conventional vehicles the electricity supply comes from a generator that is directly coupled to the propulsion engine. New generation of fuel cell APUs exclusively use Solid Oxide Fuel Cells with some developments in high temperature polymer electrolyte membranes ...

A Comparative Study of the Basic Flow Field Designs for High Temperature Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells - new

A. Lele[1], N. Lodha[1], R. Srivastava[1], A. Pandey[2], A. Paul[3]
[1]CSIR - National Chemical Laboratory, Pune, Maharashtra, India
[2]Reliance Industries Ltd., Reliance Technology Group, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
[3]CSIR - Central Electrochemical Research Institute, Karaikudi, Tamil Nadu, India

A Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell (PEMFC) comprises a membrane-electrode assembly sandwiched between two conducting ‘monopolar’ plates having engraved gas flow channels, also called the flow field. The purpose of the flow field is to provide sufficient residence time for the gases to undergo reactions at the two electrodes, effect a homogeneous distribution of reactant gases over the given ...

A Non-isothermal Modeling of a Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cell

H. Shin[1]

[1]Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Michigan – Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA

Polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) fuel cells have attracted attention as an alternative power source in various applications such as vehicles, portable supplies, and stationary power systems. A non-isothermal PEM fuel model is developed and simulated by using COMSOL Multiphysics. Although PEM fuel cells have been expected to be extensively used as an alternative power source, there have been ...

Estimation of Localized O2 Starvation Using 3D Modelling for PEM Fuel Cells

Ramesh P[1], S.P Duttagupta[1]
[1]Indian Institute of Technology Bombay,Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Air breathing proton exchange membrane fuel cells have now found its use in wide range of domestic and commercial energy based applications. Optimization of Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell system parameters and its safer operation under dynamic conditions ensure higher system output and longer device lifetime. Ensuring safety against oxygen starvation reduces the degradation of membrane ...

Sensitivity Analysis for High Temperature Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell - new

A. Lele[1], N. Lodha[1], R. Srivastava[1], U. Bipinlal[1], A. Pandey[2], A. Paul[3]
[1]CSIR - National Chemical Laboratory, Pune, Maharashtra, India
[2]Reliance Industries Ltd., Reliance Technology Group, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
[3]CSIR - Central Electrochemical Research Institute, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

A Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell (PEMFC) is an electrochemical device, which converts a part of heat from the formation of water into electricity. Each cell has a Membrane-Electrode Assembly (MEA) which is placed between two electrically conducting plates having gas flow channels. An MEA is made of a solid proton-conducting electrolyte sandwiched between two electrodes (anode and cathode). ...

Mathematical Modeling of Direct Borohydride Fuel Cells and its Experimental Validation

A. K. R. Paul[1], K. S. Gandhi[2], and A. K. Shukla[3]
[1] Central Electrochemical Research Institute – Madras Unit, CSIR Complex, Taramani, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
[2] Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore , Karnataka, India
[3] Solid State & Structural Chemistry Unit, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore , Karnataka, India

  Direct borohydride fuel cells (DBFCs) use sodium borohydride (NaBH4) as fuel and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) as an oxidant. A mathematical model encompassing mass balance of ionic species in different regions of the DBFC is developed. Both the oxidation of sodium borohydride and reduction of hydrogen peroxide are assumed to obey Tafel kinetics. This is combined with boundary conditions ...

Fuel Cell Modeling Activities

M. Noponen
VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland

Although the principle of the Fuel Cell was discovered in the first half of the 19 th century, the research on Fuel Cells is still a growing area. In this presentation we start by outlining the basic principles of the Fuel Cell. We then give a more detailed study of the Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC), and the Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cell (PEFC). We then continue by showing experimental ...

Kinetic Investigation of a Mechanism for Generating Microstructures on Polycrystalline Substrates Using an Electroplating Process

T. Soares[1], H. Mozaffari[2], H. Reinecke[1]
[1]Universität Freiburg, Freiburg im Breisgau, BW, Germany
[2]Hochschule Furtwangen, Tuttlingen, BW, Germany

The purpose of this study is to understand the growth mechanism of copper (Cu) films on a Cu-Zn system substrate with a pre-defined pattern. The pattern was defined by conducting a selective etching process on a two-phase polycrystalline substrate. As a result of this process, there were etched regions correspondent to beta-phase crystals and quasi non-etched regions that belong to alpha-phase ...

Quick Search