Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Can Oscillatory Convection Accelerate Signal Propagation in Simple Epithelium?

M. Nebyla[1], M. Pribyl[1]
[1]Institute of Chemical Technology, Prague, Department of Chemical Engineering, Prague, Czech Republic

We introduce a mathematical model of signal transmission in simple epithelial layers. The mathematical model consists of reaction-transport equations for extracellular ligands, cellular receptors, ligand-receptor complexes and a ligand releasing protease. We consider diffusion and nonstationary convective transport of protein ligands in the extracellular space. The study was carried out using ...

Optimization of 3D Layered Metal-Dielectric Stacks (MDS) for Near-Field Fluorescence Imaging

P.S. Tan[1], K. Elsayad[2], K. Heinze[1]
[1]Rudolf Virchow Center, University of Würzburg, Würzburg, Germany
[2]Research Institute of Molecular Pathology (IMP), Vienna, Austria

Nano-structures consisting of layered metal-dielectric stacks (MDSs) can be designed to have evanescent transmission and reflection coefficients that oscillate as a function of transverse wavevector and frequency. However, these structures always suffer from the material losses and surface roughness that are detrimental to image reconstruction. As such, we propose an optimized planar anisotropic ...

Multiphysics Modelling and Simulation of Implantable Wireless MEMS Capacitive Sensor for Cardiovascular Diagnostics

R.Yogeswari[1], S.Venkateshwaran [1], K.Umapathi[1]
[1]United Institute of Technology,Coimbatore,Tamil Nadu, India

Monitoring the Central aorta is a more effective way to diagnose cardiovascular diseases than conventional techniques. Approximately, six million people in the world are currently living with aortic aneurysm and every year 750,000 new cases are diagnosed. This paper presents the design and simulation of biocompatible Wireless MEMS sensor for detection of intraoperative leaks of the stent graph ...

Microwave Exposure System for In Vitro and In Vivo Studies - new

C. Nadovich[1, 2], W. D. Jemison[2], J. A. Stoute[3], C. Spadafora[4]
[1]Lafayette College, Easton, PA, USA
[2]Clarkson University, Potsdam, NY, USA
[3]Pennsylvania State University, Hershey, PA, USA
[4]INDICASAT AIP, Ciudad del Saber, Panama

A computer controlled microwave exposure system and specialized applicators were constructed for the purpose of facilitating accurate observations of microwave radiation effects on uninfected and infected biological tissue in vitro and in vivo under different electromagnetic modalities and exposure configuration. To address diverse requirements, three different applicators were developed: a ...

Effect of a High Frequency Field on the Electric Double Layer Surrounding a Biomolecule in a Fluid - new

M. Riou[1], C. Maedler[1], S. Erramilli[1], P. Mohanty[1]
[1]Boston University, Boston, MA, USA

Biosensors based on silicon nanowires are of great interest for ultrasensitive biomolecular recognition of disease specific markers for early stage diagnosis [1]. However, there are limitations on the performance of these nanosensors in solutions at high ionic strength. This is because the electric field induced by the binding of biomolecule is partially screened on length-scales larger than the ...

Blood Flow Patterns in a Patient Specific Right Coronary Artery with Multiple Stenoses - new

B. Liu[1]
[1]Department of Mathematics, Monmouth University, West Long Branch, NJ, USA

Atherosclerotic lesions preferentially develop in certain regions like bifurcations, branches, and bends [1, 2]. A possible explanation for such a preferential localization of atherosclerosis is that the geometry of the vessel influences the blood flow pattern. It suggests that the arterial geometry plays an important role in determining the localized blood flow information. Thus hemodynamic ...

Modeling Bioclogging Effects in Constructed Wetlands for Wastewater Treatment - new

R. Samso[1], N. Forquet[2], P. Molle[2], J. Garcia[1]
[1]Department of Hydraulic, Maritime and Environmental Engineering, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya-BarcelonaTech, Barcelona, Spain
[2]IRSTEA, Freshwater Systems, Ecology and Pollution Research Unit, Villeurbanne, France

Horizontal-Flow Constructed Wetlands (HFCWs) are a particular type of biofilter, and as such they rely mostly on the activity of bacterial communities to treat wastewater. Bacterial growth in HFCWs induces dramatic changes in its hydraulic and hydrodynamic behaviour (bioclogging), which may eventually result in overland flow of wastewater. Consequently, clogging is the main cause of premature ...

Multiphysics Modeling of Electrode-Driven Renal Denervation for Hypertension Treatment - new

M. Miliani[1], F. Piccagli[1], C. Silvestro[1]
[1]Medtronic Invatec S.p.A., Roncadelle, Italy

Introduction: Chronic arterial hypertension (HTN) is a pathological condition characterized by prolonged high level of arterial blood pressure causing major damages to several human body apparata. Renal sympathetic denervation (RDN) has been found to effectively reduce systemic blood pressure. Metallic electrodes can be placed on an endovascular device connected to external radio frequency (RF) ...

On the Influence of Cancellous Bone Structure upon the Electric Field Distribution of Electrostimulative Implants - new

U. Zimmermann[1], R.Bader[2], U. van Rienen[1]
[1]Institute of General Electrical Engineering, University of Rostock, Rostock, Germany
[2]Department of Orthopaedics, University Medicine Rostock, Rostock, Germany

Since the 1980s, the accelerating effect of electromagnetic fields on bone regeneration is used to treat complicated fractures and bone diseases. At the University of Rostock, an electrostimulative hip revision system is developed, basing on the method of Kraus-Lechner. This method requires an electric fields between 5 and 70 V/m. The bone used for the simulations consisted of two homogenous ...

Design of a Cylindrical Photobioreactor with Central Orifice for the Production of Microalgae - new

N. N. V. Ramirez[1], L. M. Raymundo[1], J. O. Trierweiler[1]
[1]Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil

It is desired to design a photobioreactor for the production of voluminous samples of microalgae for lipid quantification. The reactor should provide good growing conditions even with periodic withdrawal of samples. It also should be compact for better use of laboratory space. Therefore, a photobioreactor with concentric tubes was modeled to verify the circulation of the culture medium. The ...