B. Srinivasan, J. Hickman, M. Shuler
University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL, USA
Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA
A micropump delivers fluid between different components of a microfluidic device in a controlled manner. The elimination of micropump can reduce the design complexity, simplify fabrication, shrink the device footprint and decrease the set-up time required for the operation of the microfluidic device. One such pumpless microfluidic device for body-on-a-chip application for drug toxicity studies ...
R. Kher , C. Gallaschun , D. Crockill , R. Pillai , ,
 Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
Air supply hoses are also predominantly used in the medical industry to aid in patient oxygen intake. In many situations, the outside of the hose can be contaminated with chemicals, especially if the hose lies on the ground in an environment where chemicals are easily found. Permeation and transport of chemicals into the walls of air supply hoses is a noteworthy problem in the chemical ...
F. Alzahrani, F. Aiouache
Engineering Department, Lancaster University, Lancaster, UK
This work used the 3D CFD modeling to investigate non-uniform deactivation in packed bed reactors of low aspect ratios under steady state and dynamic operations. In order to explore the effects of condition of instability on local deactivation, detailed knowledge of flow dynamics (i.e. local structure of the packed bed, pressure drops and interstitial flow in the void space), heat and mass rate ...
D.Wu, E. Van den Bulck
Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Department of Mechanical Engineering, KU Leuven, Belgium
Introduction Self-heating behaviour of dust accumulations is a multiphysics field coupled heat and mass transfer in the porous media. A typical experimental apparatus with a hot storage oven and mesh wire baskets has been taken as the study object. The influence of gas flow velocity, oxygen concentration and ambient temperature on the self-heating behaviour of the dry coal dust sample has been ...
A. K. Patan , M. Mekala , S. K. Thamida ,
 National Institute of Technology, Warangal, Telengana, India.
Reaction-Diffusion equation is simulated for heterogeneous catalytic reaction involving a porous catalyst particle surrounded by liquid reactants. COMSOL Multiphysics® software along with transport of dilute species module is used for this purpose. Global Variables such as reaction conversion are obtained through post-processing in COMSOL® software itself by evaluation of derived variables.
E. Carcadea, M. Varlam, I. Stefanescu
National Research Institute for Isotopic & Cryogenic Technologies, Rm.Vâlcea, Romania
Steam methane reforming is a widely studied process because of its importance for hydrogen production. A two-dimensional membrane-reactor model was developed to investigate the steam-methane reforming reactions. The use of membrane as membrane-reactor separator offer us few advantages because it help in continuously removing the hydrogen from the reaction zone, shifting the chemical equilibrium ...
L. Z. Tong
Keisoku Engineering System Co., Ltd., Tokyo, Japan
The plasmas generated in water involve various physical phenomena such as flows agitated by bubbles, high electric fields for breakdown, discharges in bubbles with size variation, and so on. In this paper, studies have been made on the simulation of plasmas generated in bubbles with size variation. The species taken in account include electrons, three kinds of ions, and ten kinds of neutral ...
Modeling Bioelectrochemical Systems for Waste Water Treatment and Bioenergy Recovery with COMSOL Multiphysics®
T. Oyetunde, D. Ofiteru, J. Rodriguez
Masdar Institute of Science and Technology, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates
Most conventional wastewater treatment processes are quite energy-intensive. Global wastewater production is increasing due to growth in population, industrialization, and urbanization, creating an urgent need for energy-efficient wastewater treatment technologies. Moreover, waste streams (industrial and domestic) have drawn renewed interest as resources for water, energy, and product recovery. ...
J. Selig, and S. Lin
Lamar University, Beaumont, TX, USA
Self-propagating High-temperature Synthesis (SHS), a very economical synthesis of oxides was used in our lab to produce oxide materials. SHS process uses a highly exothermic reaction to convert reactants rapidly to pure products with minimal external energy input. This reaction is initiated by an igniter and reaction front propagates from the ignition through the rest of the sample. The fast ...
P. L. Mills, A. Nagaraj
Department of Chemical & Natural Gas Engineering, Texas A&M University, Kingsville, TX, USA
Department of Environmental Engineering, Texas A&M University, Kingsville, TX, USA
Introduction: Development of next-generation chemical processes that have zero emissions is a key environmental objective for sustainable development. The manufacture of H2SO4 by the air oxidation of SO2 to SO3 is an important technology where an opportunity exists for new catalyst development and process innovation by reducing emissions of unconverted SO2 in process reactor tail gases owing to ...