J. Xi, Q. M. Mohamad, Y. E. Yuan, J. Rohlinger
Mechanical and Biomedical Engineering, Central Michigan University, Mount Pleasant, MI, USA
1. Flow-induced uvula deformation considerably altered the flow dynamics inside the nose. 2. For a weak soft palate, complete flow occlusion can occur (sleep apnea). 3. Vibration of the airway structures is crucial to better understand snoring generation mechanisms and breathing-related disorders.
Computational Modelling of Fluid Dynamics in Electropolishing of Radiofrequency Accelerating Cavities - new
H. Rana, L. Ferreira
Loughborough University, Leicestershire, UK
European Organisation for Nuclear Research (CERN), Genéve, Switzerland
Electropolishing is an electrochemical process that radiofrequency accelerating cavities undergo in order to improve their inner metal surface finishing. This is performed prior to their installation into particle accelerators, in order to enhance their accelerating properties. Using COMSOL Multiphysics® software it was possible to model the process throughout the cavity and study the fluid ...
P. Takhar, and S. Zhang
Texas Tech University, Lubbock, Texas, USA
Visualization Sciences Group Inc., Burlington Massachusetts, USA
This work demonstrated the importance and feasibility of experimental image to simulation workflow. The workflow is successfully applied to a food processing study, where multiphysics and multiscale modeling based on 3D experimental image reconstruction contributes to the preservation of corn, one of the major food sources for the world population.
X. Wang, R. Guthrie, and M. Isac
McGill Metals Processing Centre, Montreal, Canada.
A numerical multiphase flow model is proposed to predict the behavior and motion of entrained inclusions in liquid steel, as they enter the orifice of a LiMCA (Liquid Metal Cleanliness Analyzer) sensor for assuring steel quality. The method of measurement is based on the electric sensing zone (ESZ) technique. The liquid metal flow field within the ESZ is obtained by solving the Navier-Stokes ...
EMIX, St Maurice La Souterraine, France
The optimisation of dimensions, materials choice of heaters in annealing furnaces are done with COMSOL Multiphysics® in 2D-axisymetry. Heat losses sources are identified and corrective actions can be taken in function of simulation results. A power saving of more than 50% is achieved thanks to simulations.
Rheological Behaviour of Single–Phase Non-Newtonian Polymer Solution in Complex Pore Geometry: A Simulation Approach
P. Idahosa, G. Oluyemi, R. Prabhu, B. Oyeneyin
IDEAS Research Institute/School of Engineering, Robert Gordon University, Aberdeen, United Kingdom.
School of Engineering, Robert Gordon University, Aberdeen, United Kingdom.
One of the most important criteria for evaluating chemical enhanced oil recovery (EOR) processes that use polymers is its rheological behaviour which in turn account for other physical effects of adsorption and resistance factors during polymer-rock interactions. However, complete knowledge of behaviour of polymer solution in porous media has not yet been fully gained. A computational fluid ...
Department of Mechanical Engineering, College of Engineering and Petroleum, Kuwait University, Safat, Kuwait
In this study, numerical simulations of mixing in turbulent flow, subject to a change in density, are performed. Attention is focused on the binary mixing between two streams of fluid in which a variable density step are formed due to a difference in the temperature. This binary mixing problem performed by assuming low Mach number flow. The results demonstrate the variable density effects and ...
I. Lupelli, P. Gaudio, A. Malizia, R. Quaranta
Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Rome “Tor Vergata”, Roma, Italy
In this contribution we present the results of the numerical modeling and performance optimization study of a diaphragm pump for drug infusion. The main objective is to develop a numerical model that replicates the pumping cycle (400ms) and also provides indications about the variation of pumping performance as consequence of the variation of the chamber-diaphragm system geometry, diaphragm ...
J. Font-Capó, A. Nardi, M. Mendoza , E. Ruiz, S. Jordana, J. Molinero, P. Trinchero, J. Vargas
Amphos 21 Consulting, Barcelona, Spain
Amphos 21 Perú, Lima, Perú
Worley Parson/TWP, Lima, Perú
Some of the present metallic ores mines are located in areas formed by a heterogeneous fractured massif where groundwater flows preferentially through fractures. Underground mining in these zones can cause impacts in streams, lakes and change the natural water balance of the watersheds, leading to conflicts between traditional uses of water and the mining activity. Quantification of these ...
AC Electroosmosis and Dielectrophoresis for Trapping Spherical Particles between Rectangular and Triangular Electrodes
S. Narayan, H. Francis, S. Ghonge, D.N. Prasad, A. Sethi, S. Banerjee, S. Kapur
Department of Physics, Birla Institute of Technology and Science, Pilani, Hyderabad Campus, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India
Department of Biological Sciences, Birla Institute of Technology and Science, Pilani, Hyderabad Campus, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India
We describe methods and results of simulations done for predicting behavior of particles in an aqueous solution under an applied AC electric field on electrodes of rectangular and triangular shapes. Here the two major effects which come into play are Dielectrophoresis and AC Electroosmosis. Two simulations have been presented, one for rectangular and one for triangular shaped electrodes. We have ...