Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Flow Induced Oscillations of Marine Risers with Wake Interference

F. Van den Abeele, and J. Vande Voorde
OCAS N.V., J.F. Kennedylaan 3, Zelzate, Belgium

With offshore oil and gas exploration and production moving into ever deeper waters, the suspended length of marine risers (transporting hydrocarbons from the seabed to the surface) can easily exceed 3000 meters. One of the major design requirements for risers in (ultra) deep water is to limit the fatigue damage caused by vortex induced vibrations (VIV). Even moderate currents can induce vortex ...

Solar Cell Cooling and Heat Recovery in a Concentrated Photovoltaic System

M. Cozzini[1]
[1]Fondazione Bruno Kessler (FBK), Renewable Energies and Environmental Technologies (REET) Unit, Trento, Italy

Concentrated photovoltaic systems with high efficiency solar cells are being widely investigated, aiming at improving the cost-efficiency balance in the solar energy field. Different cell types are in use: e.g., high concentration triple junction cells, reaching efficiencies of the order of 35 - 40 % at 1000 suns, and medium concentration mono-crystalline silicon cells, with efficiencies of the ...

Gravitational Collapse of Rectangular Granular Piles

M.H. Babaei[1], T. Dabros[2], S.B. Savage[3]
[1]Ocean, Coastal, and River Engineering, National Research Council of Canada, Ottawa, ON, Canada
[2]Natural Resources Canada, CanmetENERGY, Devon, AB, Canada
[3]Department of Civil Engineering & Applied Mechanics, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada

In this study, the dam-break type two-dimensional gravitational collapse of rectangular granular piles in air was numerically studied. The frictional behavior of the material was based on the von-Mises model with the Mohr-Coulomb yield surface leading to pressure and strain-rate-dependence of shear viscosity. The governing equations of the problem were solved using the COMSOL two-phase flow CFD ...

Assessment of Anterior Spinal Artery Blood Flow following Spinal Cord Injury

M. Alshareef[1], A. Alshareef[2], V. Krishna[3], M. Kindy[3], T. Shazly[4]
[1]College of Medicine, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC, USA
[2]Department of Biomedical Engineering, Duke University, Durham, NC, USA
[3]Department of Neurosurgery, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC, USA
[4]Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC, USA

The incidence of spinal cord injury (SCI) in the US is approximately 12,000 individuals annually, due to various forms of trauma and disease. Diminished flow over a prolonged period of time can cause permanent spinal damage. We constructed a 3D finite element model of the spinal cord to examine the role of compressive loading on spinal blood flow. It was found that the type of forces on the ...

Numerical Quasi Stationary and Transient Analysis of Annular Linear Electromagnetic Induction Pump

L. Goldsteins[1], L. Buligins[2], Y. Fautrelle[3], C. Biscarrat[1], S. Vitry[1]
[1]CEA Cadarache, Saint Paul lez Durance, France
[2]University of Latvia, Riga, Latvia
[3]Grenoble Institute of Technology, Grenoble, France

In this paper an axisymmetric model of annular linear electromagnetic induction pumps using numerical methods and four approaches (two transient and two quasi-stationary) with different complexity is studied. Comparison of integral characteristics is performed between numerical approaches and also with analytic estimations. Distributions of physical parameters over length and height of channel ...

Thermal Study of Valve Regulated Lead Acid Batteries and Electronics Chamber Used in Stand-Alone Street Lighting Applications - new

D. Groulx[1], J. Skaalum[1], T. Jamieson[1]
[1]Mechanical Engineering, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada

This paper presents a study on the heat generation of Valve-Regulated Lead Acid (VRLA) batteries used in off-grid streetlighting applications from PoleCo, a Halifax based company. One goal of the project was to produce validated COMSOL® models of the enclosure that holds these VRLA batteries. This model can then be used to investigate methods of reducing the temperature of the batteries based on ...

Kinetic Parameters for Gas Phase Photocatalysis: Analytic Versus CFD Approach - new

S. Denys[1], S. Verbruggen[1], S. Lenaerts[1]
[1]Sustainable Energy and Air Purification, Department of Bioscience Engineering, University of Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium

Introduction Among the advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) for removal of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) from air, photocatalytic oxidation (PCO) is considered a very promising technology [1,2]. PCO can achieve mineralization of harmful VOCs to CO2 and H2O using only UV light [3]. A main challenge is to find appropriate kinetic models and parameters that accurately describe the rate of ...

Multiphysics Model for Breakup of Charged Liquid Droplets in Electric Fields

S. Chaudhuri [1], W. Du [1],
[1] University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Champaign, IL, USA

Predicting and controlling the formation of droplets from a liquid jet is a critical problem in a variety of applications ranging from fuel injection to paint sprays. It is known that liquid droplets subjected to an electric field acquire a net electrostatic charge via induction, and that the magnitude of this charge depends on the conductivity of the liquid and the size of the droplet [1]. When ...

Simulation of Groundwater Flow Patterns around a Vertical Circulation Well - new

Y. Jin[1], E. Holzbecher[2], S. Ebneth[2], A. B. Tatomir[1]
[1]Department of Applied Geology, GZG, Georg-August- University of Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany
[2]Hölscher Wasserbau GmbH, Haren, Germany

Vertical circulation wells (VCWs) are well system consisting dual-screened sections allowing synchronous extraction and injection of groundwater in a single borehole. Vertical circulation flow or dipole flow is induced. This type of well has been widely used for in-situ remidiation, aquifer characterization, and for groundwater lowering. Capturing the groundwater flow patterns induced by a ...

CFD Modeling and Analysis of a Planar Anode Supported Intermediate Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cell - new

N. Lemcoff[1], M. Tweedie[2]
[1]Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute Hartford, Hartford, CT, USA
[2]Enthone, West Haven, CT, USA

A planar anode-supported intermediate temperature solid oxide fuel cell operating on syngas fuel at 750°C was analyzed in this study. The effects of varying syngas fuel inlet compositions on species and temperature distributions, water gas shift reaction rate, potential for carbon formation and electrochemistry were considered. A 2-D COMSOL® model was developed which included separate defined ...