M. Fernandes, D. Matthiesen
Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, USA
The CWRU Turbine is a research turbine located in a urban campus in Cleveland, Ohio. This location may create turbulence, resulting in a possible loss in energy generation. This research attempts to answers the question of whether the wind flow is affected by the buildings or not. The surrounding buildings, which vary in height from 20 to 40 meters, may affect the wind patterns at the hub ...
Bruno Chinè , Valerio Mussi , Michele Monno , Andrea Rossi ,
 School of Materials Science and Engineering, Costa Rica Institute of Technology, Cartago, Costa Rica
 Macchine Utensili e Sistemi di Produzione, Piacenza, Italy
 Dipartimento di Meccanica, Politecnico di Milano, Milano, Italy
Metal foams are interesting materials with many potential applications. Foamed metals or alloys include gas voids in the material structure and therefore the density is introduced as a new variable, with the real possibility to modify ad hoc their physical properties. In the indirect foaming process carried out in a furnace, simultaneous mass, momentum and energy transfer between three phases, ...
S. Lazzari , K. Perini , E. R. di Schio , E. Roccotiello ,
 University of Genova, Dept. of Sciences for Architecture, Genova, Italy
 University of Bologna, Dept. of Industrial Engineering, Bologna, Italy
 University of Genova, Dept. of Sciences of Earth, Environment and Life, Genova, Italy
As known, air quality in urban areas is dramatically affected in particular by the noteworthy presence of respirable suspended particulate matter (such as PM2.5), nitrogen oxides (NOx), carbon monoxide (CO) and hydrocarbons (HC), which are mainly due to traffic-induced emissions. On the other hand, it is also known that vegetation can help restoring the environmental quality of dense urban areas ...
Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA
Mixing is characterized in liquids moving between bubbles when the bubbles are moving down a microfluidic channel. The shape is assumed based on fluid mechanical arguments and experimental observations, and the mixing is characterized for a variety of situations in two and three-dimensions. In COMSOL Multiphysics, an integration coupling variable was used by solving the problem in two dimensions ...
A. Hallgarth, A. Zayer, A. Gatward, and J. Davies
Hazard Research & Risk Consultants Ltd, Aberystwyth, Wales, United Kingdom
Independent Consultants, United Kingdom
HazRes has developed a gas discharge and dispersion model in COMSOL which takes into account the effects of localized wind profiles and turbulence generated by buildings, structures and terrain on the dispersion of gases in question. The main focus of this work is to develop and provide clients with more accurate prediction methods relative to industrial standard software tools in modeling ...
A. Hassan , H. Bruining , T. Musa , R. Farajzadeh ,
 Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands, and Sudan University of Science and Technology, Khartoum, Sudan
 Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands
 Sudan University of Science and Technology, Khartoum, Sudan
Using a 1-D model of polymer displacement, we analyze the exergy (maximum attainable work) balance of viscosified water, e.g. with Arabic gum. The 1-D model shows the principle how such an analysis can be done. A comparison as to the displacement efficiency is made between three scenarios, i.e., (1) pure water injection, (2) constant polymer viscosified water injection and (3) polymer slug ...
S. Sahu, R. P .Bhattachryay, E. R. Kumar
Institute for Plasma Research, Bhat, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India.
There is limited option for non-intrusive flow measurement of liquid metals at high temperature. Liquid metal flowing in a conduit along with the transverse magnetic field induces emf in the liquid metal. The emf developed; which has linear dependency on flow velocity; can be used for flow velocity estimation. In case of conducting conduit the emf can be measured at the conduit wall. The main ...
Eswaran M, P. Goyal, Anu Dutta, G.R. Reddy, R. K. Singh , K.K. Vaze
Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai, India
A 2-D unsteady viscous flow around two cylinders is studied by numerical solutions of the unsteady Navier-Stokes equations with a finite element formulation using COMSOL Multiphysics®. The results of a numerical investigation of the Strouhal frequencies of two identical, stationary, parallel circular cylinders arranged in staggered configurations is presented in this paper. A simple two cylinder ...
Massachusetts Institute of Technology: Lincoln Laboratory, Lexington, MA, USA
In this numerical study, surface acoustic waves (SAWs) are evaluated as a potential disruptive flow technology for enhancing heat transfer in microchannels. Using COMSOL Multiphysics® software, the physics governing acoustics, single-phase-fluid flow and heat transfer are coupled. The results show that acoustic streaming can disrupt the bulk fluid flow, creating rotating vortices within the ...
V. S. P. Rajesh
St. Mary's Group of Institutions, Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University, Hyderabad, Telangana, India
Fluid and structure Interaction analysis can be applied to versatile fields of engineering applications, helps in understanding the affects of one material on other, thereby reducing the effect of physical parameters like nonlinear response, vibration in flow channel etc. Rapid development of technology led to the application of this Fluid-Structure Interaction (FSI) in Microfluidics based ...