I. Lupelli, P. Gaudio, A. Malizia, R. Quaranta
Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Rome “Tor Vergata”, Roma, Italy
In this contribution we present the results of the numerical modeling and performance optimization study of a diaphragm pump for drug infusion. The main objective is to develop a numerical model that replicates the pumping cycle (400ms) and also provides indications about the variation of pumping performance as consequence of the variation of the chamber-diaphragm system geometry, diaphragm ...
Simulation of Formwork Filling by Cement Fluid: The Effect of the Formwork Structure on Yield-stress Fluid
J. Park, N. Banerjee, M. Alfi, D. Feys
Missouri University of Science & Technology, Rolla, MO, USA
The flow of self-consolidating concrete (SCC) in formwork fillings was simulated as the flow of a single phase yield-stress fluid between two infinite plates by COMSOL Multiphysics®. The flow of SCC with varied rheological properties (yield stress and plastic viscosity) was verified in formworks with different configurations of reinforcement (rebars). Minimum and maximum limits of SCC ...
Validation for a Quick and Reliable Procedure for Centrifugal Pumps Using Frozen Rotor Methodology in COMSOL Multiphysics®
D. Manenti, G. Tanghetti, R. Roveglia
Metelli SPA, Cologne (BS), Italy
Single stage centrifugal pumps are widely used in several engineering fields such as: room conditioning, energetic cycles, automotive industry, home care, etc. Thus, the possibility of simulate their behaviour, in terms of pressure increase and mass flow rate, is helpful in reducing prototyping costs in the first design stages. The Rotating Machinery Interface is a dedicated tool implemented ...
K. Cluff, H. Mehraein, B. Jayakumar
Department of Bioengineering, Wichita State University, Wichita, KS, USA
Department of Industrial & Manufacturing Engineering, Wichita State University, Wichita, KS, USA
Background: Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is characterized by atherosclerotic blockages of the arteries supplying the lower extremities, which cause a progressive accumulation of ischemic injury to the skeletal muscles of the lower limbs. Despite revascularization treatment intervention some PAD patients require follow up secondary treatment due to a continued decline in limb function, ...
R. Sikorski, B. Chapman, T. Merrill
Rowan University, Glassboro, NJ, USA
A CFD cardiac catheter model was developed to determine the potential for blood hemolysis during administration of local therapeutic hypothermia using a CoolGuide catheter. In vivo animal studies have shown that mild hypothermia may reduce reperfusion injury often associated with heart attack. The CoolGuide Catheter System (CCS) delivers rapid local cooling through a cardiac catheter, reducing ...
F. Mansilla, L. Voisin 
Advanced Mining Technology Center, Chile University, Santiago, Chile
Department of Mining Engineering, Advanced Mining Technology Center, Chile University, Santiago, Chile
Throughout history, the copper pyrometallurgical processes have been carried out mostly in discontinuous or batch systems. In recent decades new continuous technologies have been developed but focused only on Smelting and Converting stages leaving aside the Refining one. In 2002 a novel technology was proposed by the Department of Mining Engineering of Chile University which consists in two ...
Development of a Multiphase, Multispecies Droplet Evaporation Model for Optimization of Desiccation Preservation Techniques
A. Sinkevich, S. Bhowmick , M. Raessi
University of Massachusetts Dartmouth, North Dartmouth, MA, USA
Biopreservation deals with the protection and storage of complex biologics such as proteins, lipids, and recently, mammalian cells. One preservation method, known as lyopreservation, involves placing a biologic inside a water droplet with some type of sugar excipient (sucrose, trehalose, etc.) and drying the solution convectively. We are currently developing a model that couples the two-phase ...
Investigating the Impacts of Hydrogeological Parameters on DSI Efficiency through Numerical Simulation
Y. Jin, E. Holzbecher, S. Ebneth
Department of Applied Geology, GZG, Georg-August- University of Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany
Hölscher Wasserbau, Haren, Germany
Düsensauginfiltration (DSI),‘nozzle-suction-infiltration’, is a new method for dewatering that avoids groundwater abstraction from the aquifer. Drawdown is achieved via pumping of groundwater at upper abstraction section, meanwhile, all the pumped water is injected through the same borehole, but in greater depth. We use COMSOL Multiphysics® for the development of a 2D model that ...
M. J. Hancock, N. H. Elabbasi, M. C. Demirel
Veryst Engineering, LLC., Needham, MA, USA
Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA
Pumping liquids at small scales is challenging because of the principle of reversibility: in a viscous regime, the flow streamlines through a fixed geometry are the same regardless of flow direction. Recently we developed a class of microfluidic pump designs based on tilted flexible structures that combines the concepts of cilia (flexible elastic elements) and rectifiers (e.g., Tesla pump). We ...
A. Gil-Garcia, I. Kings, B. Al-Duri
University of Birmingham, School of Chemical Engineering, Edgbaston, Birmingham, UK
In clean coal technologies, improving energy conversion efficiency is one of the most important directions. Compared to traditional subcritical power plants, pressure-increased supercritical power plants improve the plant energy efficiency from 35% up to 45%. This work presents a study of the thermodynamic behaviour of the water cycle in coal-fired boilers in response to the changes in energy ...