Extraction of Thermal Characteristics of Surrounding Geological Layers of a Geothermal Heat Exchanger by COMSOL Multiphysics® Simulations - new
N. Aranzabal, J. Martos, J. Soret, J. Torres, R. García-Olcina, Á. Montero
Technical School of Engineering, University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain
Department of Applied Physics, Politechnical University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain
It has been demonstrated that is possible obtain the thermal parameters of geological layers of a BHE (Borehole Heat Exchanger) by fitting temperature evolution in an observer pipe inserted into borehole.
D. Rizzello, P. Canepa, E. Armadillo
DISTAV - University of Genova, Genova, Italy
Topographic effects on magnetotelluric responses may be severe on rugged terrains. Finite elements simulation is a valuable tool to quantify this effect, due to its capability to match real morphologies. To do the estimate of the distortion, the AC/DC Module of COMSOL has been employed, using a model of homogeneous resistivity on which a DEM (Digital Elevation Model) profile of the Deep Freeze ...
G. Perillo, A. Monetti, A. Troiano, M. G. Di Giuseppe, C. Troise, G. De Natale
University of Naples Parthenope, Naples, Italy
INGV-Osservatorio Vesuviano, Naples, Italy
Geothermal systems represent a large resource that can provide, with a reasonable investment, a very high and cost-effective power generating capacity. Despite its unquestionable potential, geothermal exploitation has long been perceived as limited, mainly because of the dependence from strict site-related conditions, mainly related to the reservoir rock’s permeability. In this work, SP ...
Hydro-Mechanical Coupling in Saturated and Unsaturated Soils and its Consequences on the Electrical Behaviour
G. Della Vecchia, R. Cosentini, S. Foti, and G. Musso
DISTR, Politecnico di Torino, Torino, Italy
The consequences of hydromechanical coupling on the electrical conductivity of saturated and unsaturated soils are investigated experimentally and numerically. Simulations of the consolidation problem under vertical load for an elastic medium and of the coupled flow of two immiscible fluids have been performed in order to check the capability of electrical resistivity tomography to reconstruct ...
Coupling Hydrodynamics and Geophysics with COMSOL Multiphysics: First Approach and Application to Leachate Injection in Municipal Waste Landfills
C. Duquennoi, S. Weisse, R. Clement, and L. Oxarango
Cemagref, HBAN research unit, Antony, France
LTHE, Grenoble, France
The efficiency of bioreactor lanfills depends on a homogeneous distribution of leachate in the waste body. Therefore, optimisation of leachate injection systems is a challenging issue for operators. Most studies have shown that surface Electrical Resistivity Tomography (ERT) can be a suitable method to study moisture distribution (2D and 3D). But resistivity inversion models used to date are ...
J. L. Nieber , G. V. Wilson , G. A. Fox ,
 University of Minnesota, St. Paul, MN, USA
 United States Department of Agriculture - Agricultural Research Service National Sedimentation Laboratory, Oxford, MS, USA
 North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC, USA
The erosion of the interior of soil pipes is an important process in the fields of geomechanics and geomorphology. Soil pipes can form in water holding structures like dams and levees, and water flow through these structures becomes concentrated into the soil pipes as they evolve by the process of internal erosion. With time the erosion process will lead to a soil pipe spanning the entire ...
H. Ali Akhlaghi Amiri
University of Stavanger, Stavanger, Norway
Wettability affects two-phase displacements in porous media by determining the microscopic distribution of fluids in pore spaces. The impact of wettability on transport properties at macro-scales has been widely addressed in literature; however a deeper understanding of wettability effects demands pore-level investigations which are still limited. In this paper, COMSOL Multiphysics® software ...
D. Scandura, G. Currenti, and C. Del Negro
Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia Sezione di Catania, Catania, Italy
In volcanic areas, the presence of heterogeneous materials and high temperatures affect the rheological behaviour of the Earth's crust that calls for considering the anelastic properties of the medium surrounding the magmatic sources. A thermo-mechanical numerical model is performed for evaluating the temperature dependency of the elasto-plastic solution. Both temperature distributions and ...
J. Lippmann-Pipke, J. Kulenkampff, G. Marion, and M. Richter
Rossendorf, Institut of Radiochemistry
Research Site Leipzig
Reactive Transport Division
We apply COMSOL Multiphysics for reproducing our experimental observations of fluid flow and transport processes in geological media. Our experimental GeoEPT-method allows the 4D monitoring of transport processes in geological material on laboratory scale. Explicitly we import “realistic structures” from geologic samples scanned by means of computer tomography (CT) as stl-files into COMSOL ...
J. Font-Capó, A. Nardi, M. Mendoza , E. Ruiz, S. Jordana, J. Molinero, P. Trinchero, J. Vargas
Amphos 21 Consulting, Barcelona, Spain
Amphos 21 Perú, Lima, Perú
Worley Parson/TWP, Lima, Perú
Some of the present metallic ores mines are located in areas formed by a heterogeneous fractured massif where groundwater flows preferentially through fractures. Underground mining in these zones can cause impacts in streams, lakes and change the natural water balance of the watersheds, leading to conflicts between traditional uses of water and the mining activity. Quantification of these ...