Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Influence of Electrode Kinetics on Lithium-ion Battery Characteristics

H. Machrafi[1,2], S. Cavadias[2]
[1]University of Liège, Thermodynamics of Irreversible Phenomena, Liège, Belgium
[2]University Pierre et Marie Curie, Laboratoire des Procédés Plasma et Traitement de Surface, Paris, France

The purpose of this work is to show whether an important difference in Lithium solid concentration and electrolyte concentration can be observed in a Lithium-ion battery model, when considering either the Butler-Volmer kinetics or the Tafel kinetics for describing the electrode kinetics (including a boundary layer between the electrolyte and the electrode particles). During discharge, the lithium ...

Simulation of Wear using LiveLink™ for MATLAB®

D. Sutton[1]
[1]National Centre for Advanced Tribology at Southampton, University of Southampton, Southampton, United Kingdom

An incremental wear model has been developed using COMSOL Multiphysics® with MATLAB® to predict the evolution of component geometry as a result of wear. Whilst Archard’s wear law is a well-known empirical model for the prediction of wear volume, the design engineer is interested in changes in tolerance as a result of component geometry. At each time step, the simulation extracts the pressure ...

Modeling the Effect of Headspace Steam on Microwave Heating of Mashed Potato - new

J. Chen[1], K. Pitchai[1], D. Jones[1], J. Subbiah[1]
[1]University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, NE, USA

Introduction: Domestic microwave ovens are widely used to heat food products, because of rapid and convenient heating. Nonuniform heating is the biggest issue in microwave heating process, which also causes food quality and safety issues. Microwave heating models are promising tools to assist in developing food products that deliver uniform heating. Due to intensive heating, moisture evaporation ...

Numerical Investigation of Micronozzle Performance for Various Nozzle Geometries - new

P. A. Haris[1], T. Ramesh[1]
[1]National Institute of Technology Tiruchirappalli, Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu, India

Design and manufacture of thrusters for producing very low thrust force in the range of milli or micro newtons using micronozzles has been actively developed in the last decade. The nature of propellant flow in such micronozzles differs from that of macro nozzles. In micronozzles, viscous effect dominates; hence the flow is always in laminar regime with high viscous losses. Objective of this ...

Deformation of Biconcave Red Blood Cell in the Dual-Beam Optical Tweezers

Y. Sheng, and L. Yu
University Laval
Quebec City, QC
Canada

A biconcave-shaped Red Blood Cell was trapped and deformed in a dual-trap optical tweezers. The two highly focused trapping beams of Gaussian intensity distribution were modeled as background field in the COMSOL Radio Frequency Module. The 3D radiation stress distribution on the cell surface was computed via the Maxwell stress tensor. The 3D deformation of the cell was computed with the COMSOL ...

Time Dependent Simulations of Thermoelectric Thin Films and Nanowires for Direct Determination of their Efficiency with COMSOL Multiphysics®

M. Muñoz Rojo[1], J. Jose Romero[1], D. Ramos[1], D. Borca-Tasciuc[2], T. Borca-Tasciuc[2], M. Martín Gonzalez[1]
[1]Instituto de Microelectrónica de Madrid, Madrid, Spain
[2]Rensselaer Polytechnique Institute, Troy, New York, USA

Thermoelectric materials are one of the most promising materials for future and nowadays energy harvesting devices, as they can convert heat into electricity and vice-versa. The efficiency of thermoelectric materials is related with the figure of merit, ZT. Our work deals with the determination of the parameters that affect the measurement of the ZT with the Harman technique and the best ...

Extraction of Thermal Characteristics of Surrounding Geological Layers of a Geothermal Heat Exchanger by COMSOL Multiphysics® Simulations - new

N. Aranzabal[1], J. Martos[1], J. Soret[1], J. Torres[1], R. García-Olcina[1], Á. Montero[2]
[1]Technical School of Engineering, University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain
[2]Department of Applied Physics, Politechnical University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain

It has been demonstrated that is possible obtain the thermal parameters of geological layers of a BHE (Borehole Heat Exchanger) by fitting temperature evolution in an observer pipe inserted into borehole.

Analysis of Highly-dense LED Structures

Te-Yuan Chung
National Central University

In this presentation we consider LED lighting. We begin the presentation by explaining the basics of LED lighting and the opportunities it provides. We then provide examples of different issues with LED lighting, such as optical, electrical, thermal and mechanical issues. The presentation is accompanied by Numerical Models made in COMSOL Multiphysics of LED lighting. At the end of the ...

Application of Multiphysics in the Simulation of Metallurgical Processes

M. Ek, and D. Sichen
Materials Science and Engineering, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden

In the steelmaking processes, the stirring of the metal bath by argon (or nitrogen) injection is a widely used method to achieve chemical or thermal homogeneity. Computational fluid dynamics can be used as a very powerful tool to gain an insight into the mass transfer and heat transfer in liquid steel. In this paper, the flow behaviors in two different steelmaking reactors were simulated using ...

Design and Analysis of a Wetting Lens for the Pinhole Cameras of a Two Phase Flow System

A. K. Reddy[1], T. Satyanarayana[1]
[1]Lakireddy Balireddy Autonomous College of Engineering, Mylavaram, A.P., India

The present work reports the fabrication process of micro lens for pinhole cameras, modeled using COMSOL Multiphysics®, by satisfying the wetting properties. Wetting is a change in contact angle between the liquid and solid surface area. The wetting properties are clearly understood in terms of forces. The two immiscible fluids were taken for the formation of fluid-fluid and wall-fluid ...

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