X. Ni[1,2], Z. Liu[1,2], and A.V. Kildishev[1,2]
School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, USA
Birck Nanotechnology Center, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, USA
The emergence of electromagnetic metamaterials has given rise to a variety of fascinating applications, including the perfect lens and the optical cloaking device. For a long time the study of the properties of metamaterials was limited to normal incidence only. However, it is extremely important to know the behavior of metamaterials especially in the area of imaging. In this paper, we use COMSOL ...
E. Madieta, V. Piron, A. Flament, J.P. L’Huillier, and E. Mehinagic
PRES L’UNAM, ESA, Grappe, Angers, France
ENSAM Paristech, Angers, France
Since the invention of laser sources, understanding the interaction between the laser and biological tissues is a subject of great importance because of their medical applications in particular for diagnostic purposes. They recently found a growing interest in the sector of the arboriculture to check the fruits quality in a non-destructive way. In this work, we study the interaction between the ...
F. Banfi, D. Nardi, and M. Travagliati
Dipartimento Matematica e Fisica, Università Cattolica, Brescia, Italy
JILA, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, Colorado, United States
Center for Nanotechnology Innovation @NEST, Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia, Pisa, Italy
Ultrafast optical generation of pseudosurface acoustic waves is investigated in hypersonic surface phononic crystals. The thermomechanics is modeled from first-principles to follow the initial impulsive heat-driven displacement in the time domain. Spectral decomposition of the displacement over the surface phononic crystal eigenmodes outlines asymmetric resonances featuring the coupling between ...
Department of Materials Engineering,
The University of Tokyo
This paper showed that: * SAG-MOCVD is a powerful tool to fabricate OEICs and is also effective to extract true surface kinetics during MOCVD. * GaAs-MOCVD process was examined by SAG analysis where it was seen that below 600ºC, surface kinetics shows non-linear behavior. * Surface reaction rate constant of adsorbed species was constant against offset angle, while adsorption equilibrium ...
C. Grau Turuelo, B. Bergmann, C. Breitkopf, F. Hoffmann, L. Brencher
Technische Universität Dresden, Dresden, Saxony, Germany
Infineon Technologies GmbH, Dresden, Dresden, Saxony, Germany
A novel technique for semiconductor manufacturing is introduced: Silicon-On-Nothing. This process consists of an initial cylindrical trench which has a shape evolution under certain conditions: high temperature (1100 °C), low pressure (10 Torr) and a non-oxidizing atmosphere such as hydrogen. These conditions enable a, mainly, surface diffusion phenomenon whose final result is an empty space ...
R. Penjweini, M. M. Kim, T. C. Zhu
Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
Introduction: Singlet oxygen (¹O₂) has a critical role in the cell-killing mechanism of photodynamic therapy (PDT). Therefore, in this study, the distance-dependent reacted ¹O₂ is numerically calculated using finite-element method (FEM). Herein, we use a model [Ref. 1] that has been previously developed to incorporate the diffusion equation for the light transport in tissue and the ...
F. Bosia, P. Olivero, and E. Vittone
Dipartimento di Fisica Teorica, Università di Torino, Torino, Italy
Dipartimento di Fisica Sperimentale, Università di Torino, Torino, Italy
Ion implantation in insulating materials leads to local variations in mechanical and optical properties that can be exploited for the fabrication of micro-structures. In particular, ion irradiation of diamond causes the formation of buried amorphised layers, with correspondent mass density and refractive index variations that depend on the level of “damage” of the crystal structure. ...
G. Demésy, F. Zolla, A. Nicolet, and M. Commandré
Institut Fresnel, Université Aix-Marseille III, École Centrale de Marseille, France
We demonstrate the accuracy of the Finite Element Method (FEM) to characterize an arbitrarily shaped crossed-grating in a multilayered stack illuminated by an arbitrarily polarized plane wave under oblique incidence. To our knowledge, this is the first time that 3D diffraction efficiencies are calculated using the FEM. The method has been validated using classical cases found in the literature. ...
X. Liang, K. Kang-Hsin Wang, and T. Zhu
University of Pennsylvania
Determination of tissue optical properties distributions is very important for determining light fluence distribution during photodynamic therapy (PDT). In this study, an interstitial diffuse optical tomography (iDOT) system was used to characterize the spatial distribution of optical properties for a series of mathematical phantoms as well as verification measurements in a prostate ...