P. L. Mills , K. Barman , S. Mothupally , A. Sonejee ,
 Texas A&M University - Kingsville, Kingsville, TX, USA
Introduction Fluid flow patterns in research or process-scale equipment where a fluid is contained between concentric rotating cylinders in the absence of bulk axial flow has received notable attention in the field of fluid mechanics. Annular flows occur in many practical applications, such as in the production of oil and gas, fluid viscometers, centrifugally-driven separation processes, ...
L. Sujatha, B. Preethi
Rajalakshmi Engineering College, Chennai, India
MEMS gyroscope technology provides cost- effective method for improving directional estimation and overall accuracy in the navigation systems. This paper presents a tuning- fork gyroscope (TFG)  with a perforated proof mass. The perforated proof mass used in the design enables the reduction of the damping effect. This MEMS based gyroscope was designed using COMSOL Multiphysics 4.2a. This ...
S. Meenatchisundaram, S. M. Kulkarni, S. Bhat
Department of Instrumentation and Control Engineering, Manipal Institute of Technology, Manipal, Karnataka, India.
Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Surathkal, Karnataka, India.
Piezoresistive pressure sensors have received much attention over the years because of low cost, simple measurement techniques, etc. There is a challenge in design with respect to appropriate positioning, shape and temperature compensation. Different models of piezoresistive pressure sensors are proposed to enhance its sensitivity in terms of output voltage. This paper aims in sensitivity ...
Electrical Conductivity Modeling and Validation in Unidirectional Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymer Composites
P. Banerjee, J. L. Schmidt
Department of Mechanical Engineering and Materials Science, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, MO, USA
Carbon fiber (CF) reinforced polymer composites (CFRP) have begun to replace Al-Zn-Mg alloys in applications which require high strength-to-weight ratios. The anisotropy of CFRP composites is a result of melt crystallized extrusion techniques that impart an inherent directionality to the CFs and the associated material’s properties. Electrical conductivity was modeled across the entire CF ...
Multiphysics Simulation of Thermoelectric Systems - Modeling of Peltier-Cooling and Thermoelectric Generation
Fraunhofer-Institute for Physical Measurement-Techniques (IPM), Freiburg, Germany
Electro-thermal interaction is commonly considered only as a matter of joule heating. In addition, the Seebeck-, Peltier- and Thompson-Effects are significant in materials with high thermoelectric figure of merit Z. These thermoelectric materials have a high Seebeck-coefficient α, a good electric conductivity σ, and a poor thermal conductivity λ. They have widespread areas of ...
I. Avram, and I. Gavril Tarnovan
The Technical University of Cluj Napoca
This paper presents a study on the propagation modes of electromagnetic waves through a step index fiber optics. To analyze the propagation of electromagnetic field, a simulation in Comsol 4.0 has been implemented using two different optical fibers. Obtaining the propagation modes, called linearly polarized modes (LPnm) to get their characterization according to the radial and azimuthal ...
E. Gongadze, S. Petersen, U. Beck, and U. van Rienen
Institute of General Electrical Engineering, University of Rostock, Rostock, Germany
Institute of Electronic Appliances and Circuits, University of Rostock,
The Electrical Double Layer (EDL) plays a major role in understanding the interface between a charged surface (e.g. an implant) and ionic liquids (e.g. body fluids). The three classical models of the EDL (Helmholtz, Gouy, and Chapman-Stern) are numerically solved for a flat surface electrode in the 3D Electrostatics application mode of COMSOL Multiphysics® 3.5a. The values of the electric ...
J.S. Crompton, L.T. Gritter, S.Y. Yushanov, and K.C. Koppenhoefer
AltaSim Technologies LLC, Columbus, OH, USA
Analysis of burning candles is extremely complex; combustion produces a highly non-linear temperature profile through the flame in which local temperatures may exceed 1400 °C. Heat transfer includes radiation, conduction and convection components and the low melting point of the candle wax leads to a phase change that allows mass transport via capillary flow prior to combustion in the flame. ...
TEL US Holdings, Inc., Albany, NY, USA
Recently, the advanced plasma tools have been using very high frequency power sources (>100 MHz) and their combination to excite plasma utilized in semiconductor technology. This approach is evoking the regimes that are less understood and currently a subject to many studies and experimental investigations. The paper describes quasi-stochastic approach applied for sheath properties and ...
Wayne State University, Detroit, MI, USA
This study set up a numerical model in COMSOL Multiphysics® and simulated the underground temperature over 100 years. The long-term underground temperature around an energy pile was investigated without considering groundwater movement. Parameters and boundary conditions were examined before the simulation. The temperature changes at different depths and distances were presented. Temperature ...