Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Wind Field Generation for an Urban Scale using COMSOL

H.-J. Jeong
Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Korea

This paper presents the application of the nesting method to wind fields on coarse grid to then produce a fine grid wind fields. This is done using COMSOL Multiphysics. Fine-grid wind fields, which are considered to be an urban structure, were useful in drawing scenarios for counter terrorist attacks.Also, it was confirmed that COMSOL Multiphysics could be easily applicable to multi-nesting to ...

Modeling of Microstructures in Dissimilar Copper/Stainless Steel Electron Beam Welds

I.Tomashchuk, P. Sallaman, and J.-M. Jouvard
Institut Carnot de Bourgogne, Université de Bourgogne, Le Creusot, France

In the case of electron beam welding of copper with stainless steel, two principal cases of welding pool morphology are possible: a droplet-like microstructure where the electron beam deviates to the copper side due to the thermoelectric effect, so the volume of molten copper is much bigger than steel, and an emulsion-like microstructure, volumes of melted materials are closely equal. Reproducing ...

Simulation of Highly Nonlinear Electrokinetics Using a Weak Formulation

G. Soni[1], T. Squires[2], and C. Meinhart[1]

[1]Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of California Santa Barbara, CA, USA
[2] Department of Chemical Engineering, University of California Santa Barbara, CA, USA

We present a numerical model for simulating highly nonlinear electrokinetic phenomena, which occurs at high zeta potentials. In this model, the electric double layer is realized by solving a partial differential equation (PDE) on the double-layer-inducing surface. We also allow for a nonlinear surface capacitance, which relates the surface charge density to the zeta potential of the surface. With ...

Coupled Fluid-Structural Analysis of Heart Mitral Valve

A. Avanzini, and G. Donzella
Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, University of Brescia, Brescia, Italy

The mitral valve apparatus is a complex and refined mechanism located between the left atrium and the left ventricle of the heart which can manifest various kinds of pathologies. In order to support identification of potentially critical conditions resulting from some typical cardiosurgery operations, it is important to develop models of the mitral valve that enable prediction of both stress in ...

Time-Resolved Optical Tomography in Preclinical Studies: Propagation of Excitation and Fluorescence Photons.

F. Nouizi[1], R. Chabrier[1], M. Torregrossa[2], and P. Poulet[1]
[1]Laboratoire d’Imagerie et de Neurosciences Cognitives, Straßbourg, France
[2]Laboratoire des Sciences de l'Image, de l'Informatique et de la Télédétection, France

We present time-resolved methods that rely on near-infrared photons to image the optical properties and distribution of fluorescent probes in small laboratory animals. The coupled diffusion equations of excitation and fluorescence photons in highly scattering tissues were solved using the three-dimensional Finite Element Method (FEM) provided by COMSOL. The computed results allowed to yield ...

Development and Characterization of High Frequency Bulk Mode Resonators

H. Pakdast, Z. Davis
DTU Nanotech, Technical University of Denmark, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark

This article describes the development of a bulk mode resonator which can be employed for detection of bio/chemical species in liquids.  The goal is to understand the mechanical and electrical properties of a bulk mode resonator device which exhibit high frequency resonance modes and Q-factor. A high resonance frequency is desirable because a small change in the resonator’s mass, for ...

Simulation of the Destruction Effects in CMOS-Devices caused by Impact of Fast Transient Electromagnetic Pulses

M. Rohe, S. Korte, and M. Koch
Institute for the Basics of Electrical Engineering and Measurement Science, Leibniz Universität Hannover, Germany

In this paper will be presented how an electronic system and its components will respond in case of an impact of an external electromagnetic pulse (EMP). In the first instance the coupling process of transient electromagnetic pulses into electronic systems will be shown. Out of that the disturbing signal inside the system, which is necessary for the following simulation, will be described ...

Solid Food Pasteurization by means of Ohmic Heating: Influence of Process Parameters

M. Zell[1], D. Cronin[1], D. Morgan[1], F. Marra[2], and J. Lyng[1]
[1]School of Agriculture, Food Science and Veterinary Medicine, Agriculture and Food Science Centre, College of Life Sciences, UCD Dublin, Ireland
[2]Dipartimento di Ingegneria Chimica e Alimentare, Università degli Studi di Salerno, Italy

Pasteurization of solid food undergoing ohmic heating has been analyzed using COMSOL Multiphysics on the basis of a previously validated multiphysics model. The simulation of pasteurization by ohmic heating involves simultaneous solution electrical potential within the food, heat transfer, and the kinetics transport of death of microorganisms. In the model, thermo-physical and electrical ...

A Numerical Model for Transient Heat Conduction in Semi-Infinite  Solids Irradiated by a Moving Heat Source

N. Bianco[1], O. Manca[2], S. Nardini[2], and S. Tamburrino[2]
[1]Dipartimento di Energetica, Termofluidodinamica applicata e Condizionamenti ambientali, Università degli Studi Federico II, Napoli, Italy
[2]Dipartimento di Ingegneria Aerospaziale e Meccanica, Seconda Università degli Studi di Napoli, Aversa (CE), Italy

A numerical analysis on transient three-dimensional temperature distribution in a semi-infinite solid, irradiated by a moving Gaussian laser beam, is carried out numerically by means of the code COMSOL Multiphysics. The investigated workpiece is simply a solid. A laser source is considered moving with constant velocity along the motion direction. The convective heat transfer on the upper surface ...

The Role of COMSOL Toward a Low-Enriched Uranium Fuel Design for the High Flux Isotope Reactor

J.D. Freels[1]
[1]Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, USA

Design and safety analyses are underway to convert the High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) from a high-enriched uranium (HEU) fuel to a low-enriched uranium (LEU) fuel. The primary constraint for the project is that the overall fuel plate dimensions and the current neutron flux performance must remain unchanged. This allows minimal impact on the facility ...

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