A Comparative Study of the Basic Flow Field Designs for High Temperature Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells - new
A. Lele, N. Lodha, R. Srivastava, A. Pandey, A. Paul
CSIR - National Chemical Laboratory, Pune, Maharashtra, India
Reliance Industries Ltd., Reliance Technology Group, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
CSIR - Central Electrochemical Research Institute, Karaikudi, Tamil Nadu, India
A Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell (PEMFC) comprises a membrane-electrode assembly sandwiched between two conducting ‘monopolar’ plates having engraved gas flow channels, also called the flow field. The purpose of the flow field is to provide sufficient residence time for the gases to undergo reactions at the two electrodes, effect a homogeneous distribution of reactant gases over the given ...
U. Shukla, and D. Gupta
 Department of Materials and Metallurgical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India
One of the major challenges faced by the semiconductor industry is that electronic circuits produce a lot of heat energy during their operation. And with the current scenario where the gates are packed so much close together, then the problem of heat generation has become extremely significant. So we are working towards the efficient heat management and dissipation solution for the heat generated ...
F. Bosia, P. Olivero, and E. Vittone
Dipartimento di Fisica Teorica, Università di Torino, Torino, Italy
Dipartimento di Fisica Sperimentale, Università di Torino, Torino, Italy
Ion implantation in insulating materials leads to local variations in mechanical and optical properties that can be exploited for the fabrication of micro-structures. In particular, ion irradiation of diamond causes the formation of buried amorphised layers, with correspondent mass density and refractive index variations that depend on the level of “damage” of the crystal structure. ...
A. Paoli, L. Seminara, D.D. Caviglia, A. Garibbo, and M. Valle
Department of Biophysical and Electronic Engineering, University of Genova, Genova, Italy
SELEX Communications S.p.A., Genova, Italy
Gas sensor arrays based on metal oxides operating at high temperature are commonly used in many application fields. They can operate on different principles and each sensor may show very different responses to the individual gases in the environment. Data coming from the array can be merged for reliable gas detection. One point which is common to the different sensors types is that the atmosphere ...
M. Suárez , and F. Samaniego 
Faculty of Sciences, Michoacán University (UMSNH), Morelia, Michoacan, Mexico
Faculty of Engineering Postgrade Studies Division, National University of Mexico (UNAM), Mexico City, Mexico
New geothermal energy sources hold promise for the future. Deep submarine geothermal energy related to hydrothermal vents is emerging in many places along the oceanic spreading centers. Shallow submarine geothermal systems are found near to continental platforms. We present the initial development of mathematical models to simulate the energy transport in submarine systems. A model for the ...
B. Ottosson, Y. Jouahri, C. Rusu, and P. Enoksson
Imego AB, Gothenburg, Sweden
Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden
The objective of this work has been to realize a feasibility study of a cooling device for a SQUID sensor using liquid nitrogen flowing through micro channels. The design consists of an epoxy cylindrical vacuum vessel skewed by a silicon microchannel heat sink. The SQUID sensor is situated directly on top of the microchannel heat sink. The device is used at room temperature and should be able to ...
Temperature Excursions at the Pulp-Dentin Junction during the Curing of Light-Activated Dental Restorations
M. Jakubinek[1,2], C. Neill, C. Felix, R. Price[2,3], M. White[1,2]
Departments of Chemistry and Physics, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada
Institute for Research in Materials, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada
Department of Dental Clinical Sciences, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada
Heat produced during the curing of light-activated dental restorations could damage the dental pulp. Given the prevalence of composite restorations and the importance of avoiding injury to the pulp, efforts should be made to minimize the temperature increase that occurs at the pulp-dentin junction during light-curing. In this investigation we develop and evaluate a COMSOL Multiphysics FEM tooth ...
H. Zhang, W. Lin, and X. Wang
Chinese Academy of Sciences, Institute of Acoustics, Beijing, China
Acoustical well logging is an important technology for petroleum industry. Calibration and testing of tools in real wells is not feasible because the cost is high and the condition is not controllable. During manufacturing and maintaining, the logging tools are usually tested in a fluid filled circular pipe. The acoustic field in non-circular wells are calculated by using of the PDE mode of ...
N.N. Sharma, and A. Tekawade
Mechanical Engineering Group, Birla Institute of Technology & Science, Pilani, Rajasthan, India
A simple design for a microfluidic flow system for use in mixing or reacting assays with limited sample availability has been proposed and analyzed using COMSOL\'s multiphysics simulation package. The design is based on differential electroosmotic flow concept which has facilitated a number of interesting flow phenomena in micro-domains. For an average potential drop of about 86 kV/m in the ...
S.M.F. Garcia, and P. Seshaiyer
U.S. Naval Academy, Annapolis, MD, USA
George Mason University, Fairfax, VA, USA
In this work we consider a 1-D mathematical model that describes a heating problem combined with electrical current flows in a body which may undergo a phase change as a result of the heat generated by the current, so-called Joule heating. The model consists of a system of nonlinear partial differential equations with quadratic growth in the gradient. Joule heating is generated by the resistance ...