Modeling a Non-Flooding Hybrid Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cell and Related Diffusion-Migration-Reaction Systems
B.E. McNealy, J.L. Hertz
University of Delaware, Newark, DE, USA
Introduction: Understanding the mass and charge transport behavior of heterogeneous systems that include diffusion, migration, and reaction of ions is important in fuel cells, batteries, and other electrochemical applications. Here, a numerical model for charged species transport and reaction has been developed to simulate the electrochemical behavior of a novel type of “non-flooding” hybrid ...
I. Terechkine, T. Khabiboulline, D. Sergatskov
Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, Batavia, IL, USA
Performance degradation of a superconducting RF cavity after quenching in an external magnetic field was calculated using COMSOL. This degradation is due to the increased resistance of a superconducting surface with trapped magnetic flux. The amount of the trapped flux depends on the size of the normally-conducting opening that develops in the superconducting wall of a cavity during quenching. ...
T.C. Zhu, B. Liu, X. Liang
University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
Singlet oxygen (1O2) is the major cytotoxic agent during photodynamic therapy (PDT). A previously developed model that incorporates the diffusion equation for the light transport in tissue and the macroscopic kinetic equations for the generation of the singlet oxygen, can be used to numerically calculate the distance-dependent reacted 1O2 using finite-element method (FEM). The formula of reacted ...
Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
Realising the interlinkage of nature and engineering are of paramount essential while comprehending the basics of system’s performances. Application of biotechniques in air pollution control is one such emerging scientific area, where the understandings of these complex systems demand more utilisation of computing softwares. Recently, biofiltration is a versatile biological air pollution control ...
A. Yekta, D. Stemmelen, S. Leclerc
LEMTA,UMR 7563 CNRS - Université de Lorraine, 54518 VANDOEUVRE-LES-NANCY France
Considering a liquid drop in relative movement with respect to the air flow at uniform velocity, the liquid will be driven to the surface by the viscous friction. Internal vortices will appear inside the drop. This problem has already been studied in fluid mechanics and is well known as a classic problem. The idea of the present work is to resume the same analysis in a porous medium within a ...
University of the West Indies, St. Augustine, Trinidad and Tobago
RF propagation modelling in (30 – 1000 MHz) SAR region for predicting the location and intensities of constructive interference patterns within rectangular confined spaces using waveguide theory and ray tracing techniques.
P. Pianko-Oprych, E. Kasilova, Z. Jaworski
West Pomeranian University of Technology, Faculty of Chemical Technology and Engineering, Szczecin, Poland
Micro-tubular Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (mSOFC) are attracting more and more interest as new generation of energy conversion devices. Although commercial applications still suffer from high costs, there is a need for further improvement of the cell performance, durability and start-up. To resolve those challenges, knowledge of the distributions of species concentration, temperature and current ...
V. Tidwell, P. LaRosa, M. Zhang, H. Eswaran, A. Nehorai
Department of Electrical & Systems Engineering, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, MO, USA
Monsanto Company, Technology Pipeline Solutions, St. Louis, MO, USA
OB/GYN Department, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, AR, USA
Uterine contractions during pregnancy are currently poorly understood – experts disagree on the mechanisms by which contractions propagate through the organ and the structural layout of the uterine muscle fibers. We have developed a multi-scale model of the uterus, at the cellular, tissue, and organ levels. By comparing simulated abdomen-level magnetic field readings from our model to clinical ...
Materials Synthesis & Integrated Devices, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM, USA
Oil and water are immiscible fluids and they tend to separate very easily when introduced into a flow stream from two different sources in a flow loop. This model studies the development of mixture volume fraction in an oil-water-flow loop with 3 different passive mixing schemes: (i) blind-T, (ii) check valve, and (iii) static mixer. Each device produces different levels of mixture homogeneity ...
Two Step Study of Flow in an Industrial Pulp Screen, Solved with the COMSOL Multiphysics® Mixer Module - new
Wetind Technology AB, Alnö, Sweden
An industrial pulp screen is investigated. The dilute pulp is pumped through a screen barrier. In order to avoid the fiber network to plug, it is necessary to 1) fluidize the shear thinning pulp 2) expose the barrier with plug releasing pressure pulses. This work involves a 2-step study. Step 1: The full screen flow is simulated using Mixer Module Frozen Rotor k-. Essential pressure field ...