Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Influence of the Atmospheric Disturbance on the Respiration of a Forest Soil

C. Wylock[1], S. Goffin[2], M. Aubinet[2], B. Longdoz[3], B. Haut[1]
[1]Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Transfers, Interfaces and Processes (TIPs), Brussels, Belgium
[2]University of Liège-Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech, Unit of Biosystem Physics, Gembloux, Belgium
[3]INRA, Centre INRA de Nancy, UMR1137 Ecologie et Ecophysiologie Forestières, Champenoux, France

The assessment of forest soil respiration and its isotopic composition is one of the important issues for the carbon cycling modeling (greenhouse gas emission control) because it is often inaccurate. Soil respiration is a complex process, depending on the coupling of several phenomena, which is therefore highly sensitive to any disturbance. In this work, the dynamics of the transport of two ...

Modeling Partially Absorbing Biosensors

D. Kappe[1], A. Hütten[1]
[1]Bielefeld University, Bielefeld, Germany

Designing and constructing a lab-on-a-chip device poses a variety of questions. Transport of all required substances, detection of the analyte and its deposition on a sensor have to be incorporated. Different strategies have been developed to achieve good coverages of the sensor, like employing electric or magnetic gradients. On the basis of a ramp like structure, the binding of the analyte to a ...

Modeling of Coupled Mass and Heat Transfer and Expansion During Baking of Bread in a Mould

V. Nicolas[1], C. Doursat[2], D. Grenier[1], T. Lucas[1], D. Flick[2]
[1]Institut de recherche en sciences et technologies pour l'environnement et l'agriculture, Rennes, France
[2]AgroParisTech, UMR1145 Ingénierie Procédés Aliments, Massy, France

Bread is a food product which various complex physico-chemical phenomena occur during the cooking process. Thus, phenomena of heat and mass transfer are coupled to the deformation. In addition, bread is a multiphase product (solid, liquid and vapor) and composed of various components (dry matter, water, air and carbon dioxide). A 2D model is developed with COMSOL Multiphysics® 4.3b witch ...

Particle Focusing Optimization and Stress Analysis of a Magnetic Horn

S. di Luise[1], A. Rubbia[2]
[1]Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, ETH, Zurich, Switzerland and CERN European Organization for Nuclear Research, Geneva, Switzerland
[2]Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, ETH, Zurich, Switzerland

A neutrino oscillation experiment aims to the observation of the transformation of a neutrino of a given flavour into a neutrino of a different flavour. A beam of neutrinos is produced through the decay of charged pions which in turn are produced in the collision of high energy accelerated protons impinging on a thick target. A series of magnetic horns is used to focus charged particles produced ...

Vibration Analysis of the Wineglass for Glass Harp using COMSOL Multiphysics®

Teruyuki KOZUKA[1]

[1]National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, Tokyo, Japan

When a wineglass is touched with a wet finger along its edge, it vibrates at single frequency and you hear a clear sound. If the water is added into the glass, the sound pitch changes because the resonance frequency changes with the mass of the glass. When there are plural glasses with different quantity of the water, it becomes the musical instrument called the glass harp. Although the glass ...

Numerical Model for Leaching and Transporting Behavior of Radiocesium in MSW Landfill

Hiroyuki ISHIMORI et al.[1]

[1]Ritsumeikan University, Kyoto, Kyoto, Japan

This paper presents the numerical simulation model for radiocesium leaching and transporting behavior in municipal solid waste (MSW) landfill and discusses on the design for the required geometry and properties of the impermeable final cover and the soil sorption layer, which work for containment of hazardous waste such as radiocesium-contaminated MSW generated by Fukushima Daiichi nuclear ...

Multiscale Electromagnetic Modeling of Contractions in the Pregnant Uterus

V. Tidwell[1], P. LaRosa[2], M. Zhang[1], H. Eswaran[3], A. Nehorai[1]
[1]Department of Electrical & Systems Engineering, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, MO, USA
[2]Monsanto Company, Technology Pipeline Solutions, St. Louis, MO, USA
[3]OB/GYN Department, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, AR, USA

Uterine contractions during pregnancy are currently poorly understood – experts disagree on the mechanisms by which contractions propagate through the organ and the structural layout of the uterine muscle fibers. We have developed a multi-scale model of the uterus, at the cellular, tissue, and organ levels. By comparing simulated abdomen-level magnetic field readings from our model to clinical ...

Modeling Mechanical Property Changes During Heating of Carrot Tissue - A Microscale Approach

S. Kadam[1], A. K. Datta[1]
[1]Department of Biological & Environmental Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA

Turgor pressure loss and pectin degradation result in texture loss during cooking of plant based materials. To simulate texture loss, a simultaneous heat and moisture transfer, pectin degradation in the cell wall material and solid mechanical model was developed at the microscale using finite elements to predict the homogenized Young’s Modulus of the carrot tissue during heating. The model ...

Advancements in Carbon Dioxide and Water Vapor Separations Using COMSOL Multiphysics® Software

J. Knox[1], R. F. Coker[1], C. F. Gomez[1], R. Schunk[1], R. Cummings[1]
[1]NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, AL, USA

NASA's Advanced Exploration Systems (AES) program is pioneering new approaches for rapidly developing prototype systems, demonstrating key capabilities, and validating operational concepts for future human missions beyond Earth orbit" [1]. Under the new Atmosphere Revitalization Recovery and Environmental Monitoring (ARREM) project [2], efforts are focused on improving current state-of-the-art ...

Simulations of Heat and Mass Transport During Biomass Conversion Processes Using 3D Biomass Particle Models with Realistic Morphology and Resolved Microstructure

P. Ciesielski[1], M. Crowley[1], L. Thompson[1], B. Donohoe[1], D. Robichaud[2], A. Sanders[3], M. Nimlos[2], T. Foust[2]
[1]Biosciences Center, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO, USA
[2]National Bioenergy Center, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO, USA
[3]Quantum Electronics & Photonics Division, National Institute of Standards & Technology, Boulder, CO, USA

Predictive simulations of biomass conversion processes will improve their technical performance and reduce economic uncertainty surrounding industrialization of biofuels production. The majority of present conversion simulations treat the biomass feedstock with simplifying assumptions that neglect important characteristics that are unique to biomass particles. These characteristics, including ...

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