Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Multiscale Electromagnetic Modeling of Contractions in the Pregnant Uterus

V. Tidwell[1], P. LaRosa[2], M. Zhang[1], H. Eswaran[3], A. Nehorai[1]
[1]Department of Electrical & Systems Engineering, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, MO, USA
[2]Monsanto Company, Technology Pipeline Solutions, St. Louis, MO, USA
[3]OB/GYN Department, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, AR, USA

Uterine contractions during pregnancy are currently poorly understood – experts disagree on the mechanisms by which contractions propagate through the organ and the structural layout of the uterine muscle fibers. We have developed a multi-scale model of the uterus, at the cellular, tissue, and organ levels. By comparing simulated abdomen-level magnetic field readings from our model to clinical ...

Modeling Mechanical Property Changes During Heating of Carrot Tissue - A Microscale Approach

S. Kadam[1], A. K. Datta[1]
[1]Department of Biological & Environmental Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA

Turgor pressure loss and pectin degradation result in texture loss during cooking of plant based materials. To simulate texture loss, a simultaneous heat and moisture transfer, pectin degradation in the cell wall material and solid mechanical model was developed at the microscale using finite elements to predict the homogenized Young’s Modulus of the carrot tissue during heating. The model ...

Advancements in Carbon Dioxide and Water Vapor Separations Using COMSOL Multiphysics® Software

J. Knox[1], R. F. Coker[1], C. F. Gomez[1], R. Schunk[1], R. Cummings[1]
[1]NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, AL, USA

NASA's Advanced Exploration Systems (AES) program is pioneering new approaches for rapidly developing prototype systems, demonstrating key capabilities, and validating operational concepts for future human missions beyond Earth orbit" [1]. Under the new Atmosphere Revitalization Recovery and Environmental Monitoring (ARREM) project [2], efforts are focused on improving current state-of-the-art ...

Design of Microwave Cavity for Non-Thermal Plasma Generation

N. Manivannan[1], W. Balachandran[1]
[1]Brunel University, Uxbridge, UK

Design of Microwave Resonance Cavity (MRC) to generate non-thermal plasma to treat NOx and SOx from marine diesel engine is presented in this paper. Microwave frequency of 2.45GHz is used generate the required plasma. A number of wave guides are used to transfer the microwave energy into to MRC from the microwave source. COMSOL multi-physics software is used to model the waveguides and to ...

Near-Wall Dynamics of Microbubbles in an Acoustical Trap

L. Wright[1], G. Memoli[1], P. Jones[2], E. Stride[3]
[1]National Physical Laboratory, Teddington, UK
[2]University College London, London, UK
[3]University of Oxford, Oxford, UK

Understanding the interactions between microbubbles and surfaces is key to the successful deployment of microbubbles in a range of applications. Two important examples are their use as a drug delivery mechanism, and their potential use of acoustically-driven bubbles as microscale sensors. Drug delivery with bubbles involves sonication at high frequency close to a boundary, and sensing with ...

Numerical Simulation of Evaporation Processes in Electron Beam Welding

E. Salomatova[1], D. Trushnikov[1], V. Belenkiy[1], V. Tsaplin[1]
[1]Perm National Research Polytechnic University, Perm, Russia

In this paper describes an original method for indirect measurement of the vapor pressure and temperature in the keyhole in electron beam welding. This method is based on the determination of the concentration of chemical elements in the vapor above the welding zone. Taking into account these data model is built 2D diffusion processes with heat and mass transfer elements in the melt, which ...

Optimization of Micro-Structured Waveguides in Lithium Niobate (Z-Cut)

H. Karakuzu[1], M. Dubov[1], S. Boscolo[1]
[1] Aston University, Birmingham, UK

We present an optimization procedure to improve the propagation properties of the depressed-cladding, buried micro-structured waveguides formed in a z-cut lithium niobate (LN) crystal by high repetition rate femtosecond (fs) laser writing. It is shown that the propagation wavelength for which the confinement losses of ordinary (O) and extraordinary ordinary (E) polarizations are below 1 dB/cm ...

Improving the Sensoring of PEM Fuel Cell by Numerical Techniques

S. Skoda[1], E. Robalinho[2], E. F. Cunha[1], M. Linardi[1]
[1]Instituto de Pesquisas Energéticas e Nucleares - IPEN/CNEN-SP, São Paulo, SP, Brazil
[2]Universidade Nove de Julho - UNINOVE, São Paulo, SP, Brazil

The use of numerical techniques in PEM fuel cell sensoring represents an advantage of project engineering, reducing the costs and accelerating the manufacturing of prototypes. In this work some numerical responses are shown, relating to numerical sensoring of water and oxygen mole fractions at cathode of a 5 cm² of geometric area PEM fuel cell. The need to recognize a geometric figure of merit ...

Numerical Investigation of Micronozzle Performance for Various Nozzle Geometries - new

P. A. Haris[1], T. Ramesh[1]
[1]National Institute of Technology Tiruchirappalli, Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu, India

Design and manufacture of thrusters for producing very low thrust force in the range of milli or micro newtons using micronozzles has been actively developed in the last decade. The nature of propellant flow in such micronozzles differs from that of macro nozzles. In micronozzles, viscous effect dominates; hence the flow is always in laminar regime with high viscous losses. Objective of this ...

FEM Study on Contactless Excitation of Acoustic Waves in SAWDevices

A. K. Namdeo[1], N. Ramakrishna[2], H. B. Nemade[1,2], and R. P. Palathinkal[1]

[1] Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, Assam, India
[2] Centre for Nanotechnology. Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, Assam, India

In this paper a finite element method(FEM) study of a surface acoustic wave (SAW)device excited by electrostatic coupling method is performed by using COMSOL Multiphysics. We have modeled a Rayleigh wave type SAW device by choosing YZ Lithium niobate as the substrate. The effect of external radio frequency (RF) field to the SAW device is analyzed. The effect of distance between the contactless ...

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