V. Tidwell, P. LaRosa, M. Zhang, H. Eswaran, A. Nehorai
Department of Electrical & Systems Engineering, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, MO, USA
Monsanto Company, Technology Pipeline Solutions, St. Louis, MO, USA
OB/GYN Department, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, AR, USA
Uterine contractions during pregnancy are currently poorly understood – experts disagree on the mechanisms by which contractions propagate through the organ and the structural layout of the uterine muscle fibers. We have developed a multi-scale model of the uterus, at the cellular, tissue, and organ levels. By comparing simulated abdomen-level magnetic field readings from our model to clinical ...
S. Kadam, A. K. Datta
Department of Biological & Environmental Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA
Turgor pressure loss and pectin degradation result in texture loss during cooking of plant based materials. To simulate texture loss, a simultaneous heat and moisture transfer, pectin degradation in the cell wall material and solid mechanical model was developed at the microscale using finite elements to predict the homogenized Young’s Modulus of the carrot tissue during heating. The model ...
J. Knox, R. F. Coker, C. F. Gomez, R. Schunk, R. Cummings
NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, AL, USA
NASA's Advanced Exploration Systems (AES) program is pioneering new approaches for rapidly developing prototype systems, demonstrating key capabilities, and validating operational concepts for future human missions beyond Earth orbit" . Under the new Atmosphere Revitalization Recovery and Environmental Monitoring (ARREM) project , efforts are focused on improving current state-of-the-art ...
N. Manivannan, W. Balachandran
Brunel University, Uxbridge, UK
Design of Microwave Resonance Cavity (MRC) to generate non-thermal plasma to treat NOx and SOx from marine diesel engine is presented in this paper. Microwave frequency of 2.45GHz is used generate the required plasma. A number of wave guides are used to transfer the microwave energy into to MRC from the microwave source. COMSOL multi-physics software is used to model the waveguides and to ...
L. Wright, G. Memoli, P. Jones, E. Stride
National Physical Laboratory, Teddington, UK
University College London, London, UK
University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
Understanding the interactions between microbubbles and surfaces is key to the successful deployment of microbubbles in a range of applications. Two important examples are their use as a drug delivery mechanism, and their potential use of acoustically-driven bubbles as microscale sensors. Drug delivery with bubbles involves sonication at high frequency close to a boundary, and sensing with ...
E. Salomatova, D. Trushnikov, V. Belenkiy, V. Tsaplin
Perm National Research Polytechnic University, Perm, Russia
In this paper describes an original method for indirect measurement of the vapor pressure and temperature in the keyhole in electron beam welding. This method is based on the determination of the concentration of chemical elements in the vapor above the welding zone. Taking into account these data model is built 2D diffusion processes with heat and mass transfer elements in the melt, which ...
H. Karakuzu, M. Dubov, S. Boscolo
 Aston University, Birmingham, UK
We present an optimization procedure to improve the propagation properties of the depressed-cladding, buried micro-structured waveguides formed in a z-cut lithium niobate (LN) crystal by high repetition rate femtosecond (fs) laser writing. It is shown that the propagation wavelength for which the confinement losses of ordinary (O) and extraordinary ordinary (E) polarizations are below 1 dB/cm ...
S. Skoda, E. Robalinho, E. F. Cunha, M. Linardi
Instituto de Pesquisas Energéticas e Nucleares - IPEN/CNEN-SP, São Paulo, SP, Brazil
Universidade Nove de Julho - UNINOVE, São Paulo, SP, Brazil
The use of numerical techniques in PEM fuel cell sensoring represents an advantage of project engineering, reducing the costs and accelerating the manufacturing of prototypes. In this work some numerical responses are shown, relating to numerical sensoring of water and oxygen mole fractions at cathode of a 5 cm² of geometric area PEM fuel cell. The need to recognize a geometric figure of merit ...
P. A. Haris, T. Ramesh
National Institute of Technology Tiruchirappalli, Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu, India
Design and manufacture of thrusters for producing very low thrust force in the range of milli or micro newtons using micronozzles has been actively developed in the last decade. The nature of propellant flow in such micronozzles differs from that of macro nozzles. In micronozzles, viscous effect dominates; hence the flow is always in laminar regime with high viscous losses. Objective of this ...
A. K. Namdeo, N. Ramakrishna, H. B. Nemade[1,2], and R. P. Palathinkal
 Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, Assam, India
 Centre for Nanotechnology. Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, Assam, India
In this paper a finite element method(FEM) study of a surface acoustic wave (SAW)device excited by electrostatic coupling method is performed by using COMSOL Multiphysics. We have modeled a Rayleigh wave type SAW device by choosing YZ Lithium niobate as the substrate. The effect of external radio frequency (RF) field to the SAW device is analyzed. The effect of distance between the contactless ...