Q.A. Chaudhry, M. Hanke, and R. Morgenstern
School of Computer Science and Communication, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden
Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
The mathematical modeling of the diffusion and reaction of toxic compounds in mammalian cells is tough task due to their very complex geometry. The heterogeneity of the cell, particularly the cytoplasm, and the variation of the cellular architecture, greatly affects the behavior of these toxic compounds. Homogenization techniques have been implemented for the numerical treatment of the model. ...
Passive and Active Deformation Processes of 3D Fibre-Reinforced Caricatures of Cardiovascular Tissues
A. Di Carlo, P. Nardinocchi, T. Svaton, and L. Teresi
Modelling and Simulation Lab, Università Roma Tre, Roma, Italy
Dept. of Structural & Geotechnical Engineering, Università di Roma La Sapienza, Roma, Italy
Dept. of Mathematics, University of West Bohemia, Pilsen, Czech Republic
In this paper, we present a mathematical model of contractile elastic solids meant to simulate various districts of the cardiovascular system, and based on the concepts of active deformation and embedded muscle fibres. Specifically, here we deal with the modeling of the gross mechanics of the Left Ventricle (LV) which is strictly related to its pump function. As is well known, the effectiveness ...
E. Zanchini, and T. Terlizzese
Dipartimento di Ingegneria Energetica, Nucleare e del Controllo Ambientale, Università di Bologna, Bologna, Italy
The results of two thermal response tests recently performed on two vertical borehole heat exchangers (BHEs) are presented. The BHEs have the same cross section and a depth of 100 m and 120 m respectively. The evaluation of the thermal properties of the ground and grout are performed by a finite-element simulation method, developed through the software package COMSOL Multiphysics 3.4.
Electric Field Distributions and Energy Transfer in Waveguide-Based Axial-Type Microwave Plasma Source
H. Nowakowska, M. Jasínski, and J. Mizeraczyk[1,2]
The Szewalski Institute of Fluid-Flow Machinery, Polish Academy of Sciences, Gdansk, Poland
Dept. of Marine Electronics, Gdynia Maritime University, Gdynia, Poland
In this paper, we examine changes of the electric field distributions in waveguide-based axial-type microwave plasma source (MPS) during tuning procedure. The distributions strongly depend on position of the movable short, so does the wave reflection coefficient of the incident wave. A method of determining tuning characteristics of the MPS consisting in treating the MPS as a two-port network, ...
B. Agasanapura, C. Nesbitt, and M. Misra
Chemical and Metallurgical Engineering, University of Nevada, Reno, Nevada, USA
In the present work, transport and adsorption of contaminants (lead, cesium) on loamy desert soil was modeled using the Finite Element Method (FEM). The Advective dispersion reaction mechanism was employed to describe the contaminant transport in soil medium. A partial differential equation (PDE) obtained from unsteady mass balance was developed using convective diffusion, solute adsorption, and ...
R. Said, R. Cotton, P. Young, A. Datta, M. Elwassif , and M. Bikson
 Simpleware Ltd, Exeter, Devon, UK
 Department of Biomedical Eng., The City College of New York, New York, NY, USA
This paper will discuss the comprehensive solution adopted for converting the 3D digital/medical images directly into the computational model. The workflow using Simpleware Software – ScanIP and + ScanFE – will be illustrated including the option for directly exporting fully compatible models to COMSOL Multiphysics. The extra functionality that allows introduction, positioning and ...
Computational Simulation of Electrohydrodynamic Systems Pertaining to Micro and Nano scale Fluid Flow Phenomenon
M. Seiler, and B. Kirby
Department of Engineering Physics, Cornell
University, NY, USA
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Cornell
University, NY, USA
Modeling of 3D AC electro-osmotic pumps is relevant to the creation of portable or implantable lab-on-a-chip devices for mm/s tunable fluid flows attainable with battery scale voltages. In this analysis using COMSOL Multiphysics we investigate the modeling challenges of computationally calculating systems of fluid flow phenomena governed by AC Electroosmosis in the micro and nano scale regimes.
Numerical Investigation of a Time-dependent Magnetic Actuation Technique for Tagging Biomolecules with Magnetic Nanoparticles in a Microfluidic System
A. Munir, J. Wang, Z. Zhu, and H.S. Zhou
Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, MA, USA
The magnetic body forces that act on mono-dispersed magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) tagged biomolecules in a microfluidic system can be efficiently used in various applications that involve separation and detection including DNA and protein analysis, bio-defense, drug delivery, and pharmaceutical development. In this work, we report an FEM model to demonstrate a novel method of tagging ...
Modeling of the Impact of Blood Vessels Flow on the Temperature Distribution During Focused Ultrasound Exposure
K.C.P. Li, B.E. O'Neill, and E. Sassaroli
Methodist Hospital Research Institute, Houston, TX, USA
Focused ultrasound systems guided by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and thermometry have recently made possible the non-invasive thermal ablation of benign tumors such as uterine fibroids in clinical practice. Much more work is however required in order to make this technology available for the treatment of other forms of cancer. One of the major difficulties is associated with the presence of ...
R. Kallenberg, R. Han, and J. Cherry
Kallenberg Enterprises, Fairbanks, AK, USA
University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, AK, USA
The research team has devised and patented an oscillating, hydro-kinetic power-generating device for use in river and tidal environments. The interaction of water and the designed foil in a straight rectangular turbulent channel is modeled explicitly using two conservation laws: conservation of momentum and conservation of mass. The incompressible Navier-Stokes application mode in COMSOL 3.5a ...