Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Simulation Studies on Stress Generation and Volume Expansion due to Electrochemical Lithium Insertion in a Silicon Nanowire

G. Sikha, and J. Gordon
Applied Materials, Inc.
Santa Clara, CA

Silicon electrodes are presently being pursued as the potential negative electrode for lithium-ion batteries owing to its high gravimetric (mAh/g) and volumetric capacity (mAh/L) compared to the existing state of the art graphite electrode. Recent experimental studies have demonstrated the use of nano size Si electrodes which minimizes insertion induced stresses due to facile strain ...

Modeling Low Frequency Axial Fluid Acoustic Modes in Continuous Loop Piping Systems

E. Gutierrez-Miravete[1], E.R. Marderness[2]
[1]Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Hartford, CT, USA
[2]General Dynamics-Electric Boat, Groton, CT, USA

Industrial fluid systems often involve continuous piping loops. These systems consist of varying lengths of pipes and hoses connecting multiple components together. Fluid resonances can detrimentally affect the operation of fluid systems and components. This work used COMSOL to investigate the frequency and mode shapes of axial fluid resonances within a system of piping and components that ...

Heat Transfer in an Oscillating Meniscus

J. Plawsky[1]
[1]Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY, USA

Experimental data for oscillations occurring at the three phase contact line of an evaporating HFE 7000 meniscus on a silica substrate is presented. The frequency of the oscillations were found to depend on the local value of the evaporative heat ?ux. The thickness, slope, and curvature of the vapor-liquid interface were determined using an interferometry technique, which allowed us to calculate ...

Modeling and Optimization of a Mg-Metal Hydride Rectangular Tank in the Hydriding Process

E.I. Gkanas[1], S.S. Makridis[1], A.K. Stubos[2], A. Lopez[3], J. Folch[4], G. Noriega[4]
[1]Materials for Energy Applications Group, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Western Macedonia, Greece
[2]Environmental Technology Laboratory, Institute of Nuclear Technology and Radiation Protection, NCSR “Demokritos”, Greece
[3]Universidad Politécnica De Cataluña, Barcelona, Spain
[4]Cidete INGENIEROS, Barcelona, Spain

Hydrogen storage can be considered as a key factor in the development of hydrogen economy. Hydrogen storage in a magnesium hydride MgH2 is a very promising technique for numerous of reasons. Magnesium is abundant, relatively cheap, life – friendly , weight storage capacity of 7.6% and low price of Mg metal. A simulation work is presented in order to study the absorption kinetics of a Mg – ...

Design of MEMS based Polymer Microphone for Hearing Aid Application

V. S. Nagaraja[1], Ramanuja H. S.[1], Deepak K[1], S. L. Pinjare[1]
[1]Electronics and Communication Engineering, Nitte Meenakshi Institute of Technology, Bangalore, Karnataka, India

In this work, a MEMS based condenser microphone [1,2] using Polyimide as the diaphragm has been designed. The microphone structure has a backplate placed on top of the diaphragm. The backplate and the diaphragm are made up of polyimide. The two polyimide plates are separated by air gap which is achieved by using Aluminium as a sacrificial layer in between, which is etched away to create the air ...

Modeling Micromechanics of Eigenstrain in Heterogeneous Media

Dr. Tewari is an Associate Professor in the Department of Mechanical Engineering at IIT Bombay. Prior to this he was a staff researcher at the General Motors Global R&D Center, Bangalore. He graduated with a B.Tech degree from IIT Kanpur followed by an MS and Ph.D. from Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, USA. His area of research is in mathematical models for microstructural-mechanics. He ...

Optimizing Fuel Cell Design with COMSOL Multiphysics

Chin-Hsien Cheng[1]
[1]Renewable Energy RD Center, Chung-Hsin Electric & Machinery, Taiwan

Proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs) were investigated using COMSOL Multiphysics with the AC/DC Module and Chemical Engineering Module. Simulation may be used to increase the performance while decreasing the cost of the catalyst later (CL). Experimental validation of single and multi-layer CL was performed for varied PBI electrolyte content. The validated model was used to investigate ...

Modeling Magnetic Induction from Transient Events Impinging upon a Conducting Moon

H. Fuqua[1], G. Delory[1], I. de Pater[2], R. Grimm[3]
[1]University of California - Berkeley, Space Sciences Lab, Berkeley, CA, USA
[2]University of California - Berkeley, Berkeley, CA, USA
[3]Southwest Research Institute, Boulder, CO, USA

Electromagnetic sounding measurements utilize magnetic induction to constrain the interior geophysical properties of planetary bodies. Under some conditions, the Earth’s moon can be approximated by the response of a conducting sphere in a vacuum. Transient magnetic fields originating from the sun can interact directly with the moon, producing eddy currents that generate an induced magnetic ...

Evaporation Induced Convection Under a Gas Channel

H. Machrafi[1], A. Rednikov[2], P. Colinet[2], P.C. Dauby[1]
[1]University of Liège, Thermodynamics of Irreversible Phenomena, Institut de Physique, Liège, Belgium
[2]Universite Libre de Bruxelles, TIPs - Fluid Physics, Bruxelles, Belgium

This work falls into the framework of an ESA experiment, which consists of observing the behavior of patterns and structures that can be formed after instability onset in a HFE7100 liquid layer, evaporating into a nitrogen gas flow. This study is performed by a three-dimensional numerical simulation of the transient temperature and fluid motion. The results show that first several small rolls ...

Integrated Solar Thermal Collector with Heat Storage

A.R. Sánchez-Guitard[1], E. Ruiz-Reina[1]
[1]University of Málaga, Málaga, Spain

In this work, we study the design of a new integrated system for Solar Water Heating that combines the solar thermal energy collection (primary circuit) with the heat storage (secondary circuit) into the same device. We have performed different finite element method simulations using COMSOL Multiphysics®, for solving the equations of heat transfer (conduction and convection) and those of fluid ...