Multiphysics Modeling of Engineered Structured Sorbents for the Adsorption of Carbon Dioxide and Water Vapor from Manned Spacecraft Atmospheres
NASA, Huntsville, AL, USA
In NASA’s Vision for Space Exploration, humans will once again travel beyond the confines of earth’s gravity, this time to remain there for extended periods. Thus all spacecraft systems, including those for the separation of metabolic carbon dioxide and water from a crewed vehicle, must be minimized with respect to mass, power, and volume. This paper describes efforts to improve on ...
A. Mohammed, and A. Jeremic
McMaster University, Hamilton, L8S4K1, Canada
Signal processing algorithms for chemical sensing/monitoring have been subject of considerable research interest in the recent years mainly due to their diverse applicability. When the concentration of chemical agent is small, the dispersion of particles is governed by stochastic differential equations describing more complex motion mechanisms such as Brownian motion. In this paper we propose ...
T. Chen, and P.G. Ifju
University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA
This paper describes using thermal-structural interaction to model the shrinkage behavior in cement paste under drying. An inverse method of combining the finite element analysis and the least-squares method is implemented to fit experimentally determined shrinkage in order to obtain material properties from the complex geometry used in the tests. The finite element model is created using COMSOL ...
Microwave Drying of Cellular Ceramic Substrates: A Conjugate Modeling Approach to Understand Surface Moisture Migration
A. Halder, and J. George
Painted Post, NY
Microwave drying processes are critical components in the manufacture of cellular ceramic substrates and filters. The objective of this study is to develop a comprehensive model at a small scale and include all the possible physics that are important during microwave drying processes. Based on the results, conclusions are made on the importance of different factors in drying.
R. Coker, J. Knox
NASA, Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, AL, USA
Developments intended to improve system efficiency and reliability for water and carbon dioxide separation systems to be used on crewed vehicles combine sub-scale systems testing and multiphysics simulations. This paper describes the development of COMSOL Multiphysics® simulations in support of the Atmosphere Revitalization Recovery and Environmental Monitoring (ARREM) project within NASA's ...
Tokyo Institute of Technology, Yokohama, Kanagawa, Japan
It is possible to obtain novel functions using nano-scaled structures and related physics that are impossible to be realized by conventional macro-scale technology. Thus, we are trying to understand the physics dominated by nanostructure and to develop the biosensing applications. Here, we exploit the interaction between materials and electrostatic field created by nanostructure, and introduce ...
Satoshi Fujii et al.
Chiba University, Chiba, Chiba, Japan
Chemical reactions conducted under microwave irradiation have high reaction rates and high selectivity, but these reaction rates are not always reproducible. To achieve reproducibility, a solid-state microwave source with an ultra precise oscillator, high power amplifier module (HPA), and elliptical applicator is developed. This HPA has up to 141 W average power and generates pure 2.45-GHz sine ...
Influence of Axial Conduction in the Design of a Compact Recuperator for Catalytic Combustor Based Portable Power Generation - new
A. N. Smith, H. Nochetto, C. M. Waits
U.S. Naval Academy, Annapolis, MD, USA
U.S. Army Research Lab, Adelphi, MD, USA
Catalytic micro-combustor represents an exciting area of research for portable power generation. Extensive research is being currently conducted on the design of the reactor and catalyst selection . However another critical element of the design will be a recuperator to minimize losses and provide energy at a more uniform temperature. The mini-recuperator must be both compact and highly ...
T. Lopez , O. Shchekin ,
 Lumileds, Eindhoven, Netherlands
The versatility of COMSOL Multiphysics® software has positioned it at competitive levels against other considered industrial-standard engineering software tools. This contribution is directed towards emphasizing the need of further developing the basic concepts of this versatile tool in order to enable the implementation of complex physics modeling techniques in rapid, flexible and customized ...
Tran Si Bui Quang ,
 Agency for Science, Technology and Research (Institute of High Performance Computing), Singapore
The separation of RBCs is needed in many biomedical devices. RBCs contain hemoglobin, which in turn consists of iron that helps transport oxygen throughout the body. The permeability of deoxygenated red blood cells is about (1 – 3.9e-6). The permeability of oxygenated red blood cells is about (1 – 9.2e-6). The permeability of plasma is about (1 – 7.7e-6). Due to the difference of permeabilities, ...