C. Strozzi, P. Gillard, and J-M. Pascaud
Institut PRISME, Bourges, France
The aim of this work is to present a simple multiphysics simulation using COMSOL able to describe combustion of kerosene vapours in a closed vessel. The emphasis is on the mechanical effects of the reactive processes. The evolution of the thermodynamical variables (pressure, temperature, concentrations…) is obtained by solving several coupled transport equations for: the mass continuity, the ...
Caribbean Industrial Research Institute, Calibration Laboratory, University of the West Indies, St. Augustine, Trinidad and Tobago
The Polymer Electrolyte Membrane fuel cell is one of the most promising green technologies for addressing portable, as well as transportation power needs. However, the science behind the fuel cell, in many regards, is still an enigma, and even more so, with the vast numbers of novel materials created annually; designed to offset issues related to durability, conductivity, cost- effectiveness and ...
G. Rádi, T. Varga, and T. Chován
University of Pannonia, Veszprem, Hungary
Nowadays mathematical models are applied in almost every field of our life to predict how real systems behave. Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) has become a standard tool for analyzing various situations where fluid flow has a significant effect on the studied processes. Complex models can be implemented and solved in commercial CFD packages (e.g. COMSOL Multiphysics). The goal of this paper ...
S. Odiba, M. Olea, S. Hodgson, A. Adgar
Teesside University, School of Science and Engineering, Middlesbrough, United Kingdom
This research deals with the design of suitable microreactors for the catalytic oxidation of volatile organic compound (VOCs), using propane as a model molecule. The microreactor considered consists of eleven parallel channels, in which an Au/Cr/γ-Al2O3-catalyzed combustion reaction takes place. Each channel is 0.5 mm diameter and 100 mm long. The catalytic microreactor was simulated for ...
S. Pemberton, K. Ekici, R. Arimilli
The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN, USA
Perspiration during intense physical activity is an essential part of human thermoregulation. Clothing affects the cooling rate of the body. Heat and water vapor are coupled through evaporation and transported through the fabric. A model of the above system was developed for fabrics of different properties to simulate human cooling using COMSOL Multiphysics®. Equation-based modeling allows the ...
F. L. Durán Martínez , A. M. Billet , C. Julcour-Lebigue , F. Larachi ,
 Toulouse University, Toulouse, France
 Laval University, Quebec, Canada
In the present work, numerical simulations of a Monolith Reactor (MR) are carried out in order to develop a pre-design tool for industrial-scale reactors applied to highly exothermal reactions. The reacting circular channels (2-4 mm internal diameter) are coated with a few micron thick catalytic layer (washcoat), and host a gas-liquid segmented flow (the so-called Taylor flow) known to enhance ...
Simulation of the Convective Heat Transfer and Working Temperature Field of a Photovoltaic Module Using COMSOL Multiphysics®
E. Ruiz-Reina and M. Sidrach-de-Cardona
Departamento de Física Aplicada II, Universidad de Málaga, Málaga, Spain
The aim of this work is the Finite Element Analysis (FEA), by using COMSOL Multiphysics®, of the convective heat transfer and working temperature field of a photovoltaic module under different wind conditions.
Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR, USA
During the hydraulic fracturing process, there can be possible re-activation of closed/sealed faults and natural fractures in the formation, which may lead to changes in the boundary conditions of the reservoir. While study models of shale gas formations have utilized the concept of a closed reservoir in order to optimize the production of gas in the well-bore, this assumption cannot be adopted ...
An Analysis of Heat Conduction with Change of Phase with Application to the Solidification of Copper
J. Michalski, and E. Gutirrez-Miravete
Rensselaer at Hartford, Hartford, Connecticut, US
The goal of this study was to determine the possibility of using the finite element in COMSOL Multiphysics program to obtain a high accuracy solution to a moving boundary problem, specifically, the solidification of copper. A one-dimensional geometry in Cartesian coordinates was used to investigate the solidification of initially liquid copper from a chilled wall maintained at fixed temperature. ...
B. Chinè, M. Monno
Laboratorio MUSP Piacenza, Italy; ITCR, Esc. Ciencia e Ing. Materiales, Cartago, Costa Rica
Laboratorio MUSP, Piacenza, Italy; Politecnico di Milano, Dip. Meccanica, Milano, Italy
Metal foams are interesting materials with many potential applications in engineering. Foamed metals or alloys include gas voids in the material structure with the real possibility to modify ad hoc their physical properties. Following our previous efforts aimed to simulate and study the foaming process of a metal, we propose in this work a model which considers heat and mass transfer ...