A. Warning, A. K. Datta
Department of Biological & Environmental Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA
Predictive food microbiology currently first requires experimental data for growth on fresh produce and then fitting an empirical or semi-empirical model to the data, making extrapolation to other conditions (temperature, type of produce) difficult. Herein, we develop a mechanistic model for the growth of human pathogenic bacteria (Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella spp.) on spinach using ...
N. Lemcoff, R. Pastor, and E. Miravete
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Hartford, CT
General Dynamics Electric Boat, Groton, CT
The objective of this study is to numerically evaluate the effectiveness of an energy recovery ventilator (ERV) during the summer and winter seasons. The energy recovery ventilator allows heat and mass transfer between two air streams separated by a membrane. The effects of varying the following parameters were examined: flows through the supply and exhaust ducts, height of the exhaust channel, ...
S. Zhang, M. Pal, P. Barthelemy, M. Lei
Visualization Sciences Group, Burlington, MA, USA
Shell International Exploration and Production, Rijswijk, The Netherlands
The mass and recoverability of oil and gas in unconventional reservoirs strongly depend on the understanding the petrophysical properties of the rocks at a large range of scales. Three-dimensional imaging is capable of unveiling the detailed microstructures within the rocks down to the nanometer scale. Using a multiscale imaging protocol, a Devonian shale rock sample with heterogeneities is ...
G. Mongatti, A. Borelli
Marchesini Group, Pianoro, Italy
In this model a three-dimensional heat transfer analysis was performed by using COMSOL Multiphysics\' Heat Transfer Module. The model is about the heating of a set of vials (Figure 1) in a current of hot air in the laminar regime. We used time dependent studies to predict the thermal behavior of the glass and to estimate the temperatures in the various points of the bottles at various times. ...
Modelling of Non-Equilibrium Effects in Solvent-Enhanced Spontaneous Imbibition in Fractured Reservoirs
M. Chahardowli, R. Farajzadeh , H. Bruining
TU Delft, Delft, The Netherlands
In fractured reservoirs, much of the oil is stored in low permeable matrix blocks that are surrounded by a high permeability fracture network. Therefore, production from fractured reservoir depends on the transfer between fracture and matrix, which is critically dependent on their interaction. COMSOL Multiphysics® was implemented to model the process of penetration of the aqueous phase into an ...
COMSOL Multiphysics for Efficient Solution of a Transient Reaction-Diffusion System with Fast Reaction
M.K. Gobbert, A. Churchill, G. Wang, and T.I. Seidman
Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Maryland, Baltimore County, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
A reaction between chemical species is modeled by a particular reaction pathway, in which one reaction is very fast relative to the other one. The diffusion controlled reactions of these species together with a reaction intermediate are described by a system of three transient reaction diffusion equations over a two-dimensional spatial domain. In the asymptotic limit of the reaction parameter ...
A. Warning, A. K. Datta, A. Dhall, and D. Mitrea
Department of Biological and Environmental Engineering
A multiphase porous media model involving heat and mass transfer within a potato chip was implemented in COMSOL 3.5a. The diffusive flux in oil and liquid water was modeled from capillary driven flow while the gas phase was modeled using binary diffusion. A non-equilibrium water evaporation rate was used and Darcy's law for the momentum equation to solve for the convection of each species. ...
M. Chahardowli , R. Farajzadeh , H. Bruining ,
 Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands
 Shell Global International Solutions, Den Haag, The Netherlands
Mutually soluble-solvents can improve the ultimate recovery in conventional reservoirs. Initially, the solvent moves with the imbibing aqueous phase into the reservoir. However, upon contact with oil, diffusion occurs and the solvent is transported in the oleic phase. Through the migration of the mutually soluble component from the aqueous phase into the oleic phase, oil properties and/or rock ...
E. R. Blatchley, and B.Z. Sun
Department of Civil Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA
Mineral precipitation on to the quartz surface of the lamp jackets in UV disinfection process (fouling) has been recognized as a major problem for UV radiation delivery during disinfection operation. Fouling behavior was observed to be induced thermally and influenced by hydraulic character of the UV disinfection configuration. Fouling process involves momentum, heat, and mass transport within ...
R.E. Tosh, and H.H. Chen-Mayer
National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland, USA
Primary reference standards for determining absorbed dose to water in radiotherapy beams used at cancer clinics and hospitals ultimately must make reference to the temperature change in water produced by ionizing radiation. The most direct experimental technique for this purpose is water calorimetry. Since the dose distributions delivered by such beams are nonuniform, temperature signals ...