Development of a Multiphase, Multispecies Droplet Evaporation Model for Optimization of Desiccation Preservation Techniques
A. Sinkevich, S. Bhowmick , M. Raessi
University of Massachusetts Dartmouth, North Dartmouth, MA, USA
Biopreservation deals with the protection and storage of complex biologics such as proteins, lipids, and recently, mammalian cells. One preservation method, known as lyopreservation, involves placing a biologic inside a water droplet with some type of sugar excipient (sucrose, trehalose, etc.) and drying the solution convectively. We are currently developing a model that couples the two-phase ...
H. Ishimori, K. Endo, H. Sakanakura, M. Yamada, M. Osako
Ritsumeikan University, Kusatsu, Shiga, Japan
National Institute for Environmental Studies, Tsukuba, Ibaraki Prefecture, Japan
This paper presents the numerical simulation model for radiocesium leaching and transporting behavior in municipal solid waste (MSW) landfill and discusses on the design for the required geometry and properties of the impermeable final cover and the soil sorption layer, which work for containment of hazardous waste such as radiocesium-contaminated MSW generated by Fukushima Daiichi nuclear ...
C. Wylock, S. Goffin, M. Aubinet, B. Longdoz, B. Haut
Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Transfers, Interfaces and Processes (TIPs), Brussels, Belgium
University of Liège-Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech, Unit of Biosystem Physics, Gembloux, Belgium
INRA, Centre INRA de Nancy, UMR1137 Ecologie et Ecophysiologie Forestières, Champenoux, France
The assessment of forest soil respiration and its isotopic composition is one of the important issues for the carbon cycling modeling (greenhouse gas emission control) because it is often inaccurate. Soil respiration is a complex process, depending on the coupling of several phenomena, which is therefore highly sensitive to any disturbance. In this work, the dynamics of the transport of two ...
3D Hydrogeological Modeling - From a Theoretical 2D Model through a Medium Scale Application up to a Challenge: Simulations at Basin Scale
E. Cavalli, R. Simonetti, M. Gorla, N. Ceresa
CAP Holding, Milan, Italy
An alluvial aquifer system has probably conceived as a numerical modeling hell. We have chosen COMSOL Multiphysics® for two reasons: 1) FEM methods allow to use complex geometries; 2) multiphysics simulation permits to run a single model with all phenomena. We built a section with these physics: a) Darcy's law, b) Richards' equation, c) ALE to show surface deformation, d) Hydrogeologcal ...
N. Khoshnevis Gargar, A. Mailybaev, D. Marchesin, H. Bruining
 Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands
 Instituto Nacional de Matematica Pura e Aplicada, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
One of the methods to recover oil from medium and low viscosity in complex reservoirs uses air injection leading to oil combustion. In this case the oxygen in the air burns the heavier components of the oil, generating a heat wave leading to vaporization of lighter components. The combustion mechanisms are different for light oils, where evaporation is dominant, whereas for medium non-volatile ...
T. Gulati, H. Zhu, A. K. Datta
Department of Biological & Environmental Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA
Microwave drying of foodstuffs is a complex interplay of mass, momentum, and energy transport coupled with large deformation of the solid. To be able to better understand the microwave drying process, a fundamentals-based three dimensional (3D) multiphase porous media based model is developed to simulate the microwave drying process. An elaborate experimental system comprising of infrared ...
C. F. Gomez, R. Schunk, R. F. Coker, J. Knox
NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, AL, USA
The objective of this simulation effort is to develop a mathematical model of vacuum desorption on a POC (Proof of Concept) canister loaded with Zeolite 13X/5A . This canister contains a pelletized adsorption bed which is used to adsorb H2O and CO2. Once this bed is fully saturated with an equilibrium loading, desorption is then accomplished by reducing the pressure to near vacuum. This type of ...
R. Samso, N. Forquet, P. Molle, J. Garcia
Department of Hydraulic, Maritime and Environmental Engineering, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya-BarcelonaTech, Barcelona, Spain
IRSTEA, Freshwater Systems, Ecology and Pollution Research Unit, Villeurbanne, France
Horizontal-Flow Constructed Wetlands (HFCWs) are a particular type of biofilter, and as such they rely mostly on the activity of bacterial communities to treat wastewater. Bacterial growth in HFCWs induces dramatic changes in its hydraulic and hydrodynamic behaviour (bioclogging), which may eventually result in overland flow of wastewater. Consequently, clogging is the main cause of premature ...
O. Silva, M. Pekala, D. Garcia, J. Molinero, A. Nardi, M. Grive, B. Cochepin
Amphos 21 Consulting, Barcelona, Spain
Agence Nationale pour la Gestion des Dechéts Radioactifs, Châtenay-Malabry Cedex, France
The French National Waste Management Agency (Andra) envisages the safe disposal of High-Level Waste Intermediate-Level Long-Lived Waste through deep geological storage (multibarrier). Waste storage is based on the Callovo-Oxfordian formation (CallOx). It has been updated a reactive transport model accounting for the chemical and thermal evolution of a HLW cell. Improvements are a better ...
C. Grau Turuelo, C. Breitkopf
Technische Universität Dresden, Dresden, Germany
The void shape evolution of silicon is a process driven mainly by surface diffusion which leads to a geometrical transformation of trenches etched in silicon wafers due to surface energy minimization. The temperature, the ambient gas and the annealing time affect the velocity of the process. The use of custom PDEs in COMSOL Multiphysics® software and the Level-Set method provide a good base ...