S. Singer, W. H. Green
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA
Transient, two-dimensional (axisymmetric) simulations of a cigarette subject to realistic static and forward smoldering cycles were performed. The computational domain consists of a porous packed bed of tobacco and a filter surrounded by a thin, porous paper and a region of surrounding air. The governing equations include overall mass conservation, momentum conservation, conservation equations ...
S. Yushanov, J. Crompton, and K. Koppenhoefer
ACES of Columbus, LLC, Columbus, OH, USA
Improved performance of aeroengines requires the development of new manufacturing technologies for ceramic matrix composites (CMCs). This has been simulated using COMSOL Multiphysics. Specialized simulation technologies have been developed to describe the infiltration of molten material into a ceramic perform. The physical phenomena considered in the analysis includes: unsaturated flow, ...
Numerical and Experimental Investigation of Natural Convection Flow of (Sub-) and (Super-) Critical CO2 in Aqueous Phase
R. Khosrokhavar, G. Elsinga, R. Farajzadeh, H. Bruining
Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherland
Shell International Global Solutions, Amsterdam, The Netherland
Optimal storage of carbon dioxide (CO2) in aquifers requires dissolution in the aqueous phase. Transfer of CO2 from the gas phase to the aqueous phase or oil phase would be slow if it were only driven by diffusion. Dissolution of CO2 in brine (oil) forms a mixture that is denser than the original brine. This causes a local density increase, which induces natural convection currents accelerating ...
Modeling and Simulation of Dielectric Barrier Discharge Plasma Reactor for Nitrogen Fixation Reaction
B.S. Patil, Q. Wang, V. Hessel, J. Lang
Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, The Netherlands
Micro Flow Chemistry and Process Technology, Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, The Netherlands
Innovation Management, Verfahrenstechnik & Engineering, Evonik Industries AG, Hanau-Wolfgang, Germany
Fixed nitrogen is used in many forms ranging from nitric acid to hydrogen cyanide and is used as such for industrial applications. The reactions to produce these products are highly endothermic and favored by high-temperature processing. The most basic route of chemically fixing nitrogen is the direct reaction of nitrogen and oxygen. However, the major challenge is to supply very high ...
S. Denys , J. van Walsem , J. Roegiers , S. Lenaerts ,
 University of Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium
As in industrial countries, people spend most of their time indoors and the stringent heat-insulation measures in combination with deficient ventilation have a negative impact on indoor air quality, one approach for abating indoor air pollution is the integration or retrofitting of a photocatalytic oxidation or PCO reactor into continuous flow. PCO technology is very cost-effective, efficient ...
H. van Halewijn ,
 Fontys Hogeschool, Applied Physics, Eindhoven, Netherlands
COMSOL Multiphysics® is used to simulate thermal flow experiments at out University for Applied Physics. Students have to measure thermal flow problems and verify the measurements with detailed simulations. The desired accuracy is 5% or less. The presentation will cover 3 laboratory experiments: cooling of an Aluminum rod by natural convection, time dependent heat flow into a container with sand ...
Z. Aljobeh, G. Argueta
Valparaiso University, Valparaiso, IN, USA
A numerical model was developed to make spatial and temporal predictions of the water quality for Brewster Lake, located in southwestern Michigan. The model considers the hydrodynamics of the lake, hydrologic conditions, physical, chemical and biochemical processes that take place in the lake, and nutrient loadings from the surrounding watershed. Physical, chemical, and biochemical data ...
J. P. Mmbaga, F. Munoz, S. Dhir, R. Gupta, R. E. Hayes, M. Toledo
University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada
Departamento de Ingenieria Mecanica, Universidad Tecnica Federico Santa Maria, Valparaiso, Chile
Pyrolysis is a key step in the conversion of carbonaceous materials into useful products. In this study, we investigate the pyrolysis of asphaltene and oil shale, both experimentally and numerically. COMSOL Multiphysics® software is used to model the combined effects of fluid flow in porous media, mass transfer of species, heat transfer, and reaction kinetics. Gas evolution and the porosity ...
G. Selembo, P. Selembo, J. Stanton, and G. Paulsen
University of North Carolina
Surface aeration systems are used in the wastewater treatment industry for the transfer of oxygen in the activated sludge process. These systems are capital intensive and also require a significant amount of energy to operate. Scale-up and design of these systems is largely empirical, and due to the size of these systems, modifications for experimental testing can be economically prohibitive. ...
Numerical Simulations of Radionuclide Transport through Clay and Confining Units in a Geological Repository using COMSOL
J. Hansmann, M. L. Sentis, B. J. Graupner, A.-K. Leuz, C. Belardinelli
Swiss Federal Nuclear Safety Inspectorate (ENSI), Brugg, Switzerland
Kantonsschule Solothurn, Solothurn, Switzerland
Introduction: The sectoral plan that defines the procedure and criteria of site selection for deep geological repositories for all categories of waste (high-level and low- and intermediate-level waste) in Switzerland started in 2008 and will last for about ten years. ENSI (Swiss Nuclear Safety Inspectorate) is in charge of reviewing the proposals and safety assessments for geological ...